Be sure to see additional Civil War Images under Stereos, Tintypes, Daguerreotypes,Ambrotypes, and Large Albumen Images.
Other Civil War-related CDVs are listed on the Political CDV page.

M.B. Brady. Photo taken by James F. Gibson. Brady’s Album Gallery. No. 357. Group. Comte de Paris, Duc de Chartres, Prince de Joinville, and Friends, Camp Winfield Scott, near Yorktown, May 1, 1862. Brady’s 1862 copyright line on bottom recto. Card has the stamp of Snow & Roos, San Francisco in left margin and a label from Roos & Wunderlich, Depot of Goupil & Co., San Francisco on verso. VG. $375

Warren, Cambridgeport, Mass. Officer Charles H. Manning, United States Navy. Period ID on back of card. Assistant Engineer 1863 with promotions and with Naval Service until 1884. Navy records from the National Archives has Manning on the Union Steam Vessel Mary Sanford. Also served on other CW vessels. With records from archives and copy of pages from List of Officers of the Navy of the United States and of the Marine Corps from 1775 to 1900 related to Manning. Trimmed at bottom. (binder) VG. $125

R.H. Dewey, Photographic Artist, Pittsfield, Mass. “Charles T. Plunkett, Maj. 49th Mass.,” written on back. Residence Pittsfield MA; a 22 year-old Manufacturer. Enlisted on 9/8/1862 as a Captain. On 9/19/1862 he was commissioned into “C” Co. MA 49th Infantry. He was Mustered Out on 9/1/1863 at Pittsfield, MA. Promotions: * Major 11/10/1862. Intra Regimental Company Transfers: * 11/10/1862 from company C to Field & Staff. VG. $150

CWCDV788. Brady, Washington, DC. James Shields (May 10, 1810– June 1, 1879) was an Irish American Democratic politician and United States Army officer, who is the only person in U.S. history to serve as a Senator for three different states. Shields represented Illinois from 1849 to 1855, in the 31st, 32nd, and 33rd Congresses, Minnesota from 1858 to 1859, in the 35th Congress, and Missouri in 1879, in the 45th Congress. Born and initially educated in Ireland, Shields emigrated to the Americas in 1826. He was briefly a sailor, and spent time in Quebec, before settling in Kaskaskia, Illinois, where he studied and practiced law. In 1836, he was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives, and later as State Auditor. His work as auditor was criticized by a young Abraham Lincoln, who (with his then fiancée, Mary Todd) published a series of inflammatory pseudonymous letters in a local paper. Shields challenged Lincoln to a duel, and the two nearly fought on September 22, 1842, before making peace, and eventually becoming friends. In 1845, Shields was appointed to the Illinois Supreme Court, from which he resigned to become Commissioner of the U.S. General Land Office. At the outbreak of the Mexican–American War, he left the Land Office to take an appointment as brigadier general of volunteers. He served with distinction and was twice wounded. In 1848, Shields was appointed to and confirmed by the Senate as the first governor of the Oregon Territory, which he declined. After serving as Senator from Illinois, he moved to Minnesota and there founded the town of Shieldsville. He was then elected as Senator from Minnesota. He served in the Civil War, and at the Battle of Kernstown, his troops inflicted the only tactical defeat of Stonewall Jackson in the war. Shields resigned his commission shortly thereafter. After moving multiple times, Shields settled in Missouri, and served again for three months in the Senate. He died in 1879, and represents Illinois in the National Statuary Hall. VG. $250

 Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. James A. Mulligan (1829-1864), colonel of the 23rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment. On February 20, 1865, the United States Senate confirmed the posthumous award to Colonel Mulligan of the rank of brevet brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers to rank from July 23, 1864, the day before he was mortally wounded at the Second Battle of Kernstown, near Winchester, Virginia. He commanded the Federal forces at the First Battle of Lexington in Missouri, and later distinguished himself in other engagements in the Eastern theater prior to his death in battle. Trimmed at bottom. G. $225

Autographed CDV by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony of Quincy Adams Gillmore (February 25, 1825 – April 11, 1888), civil engineer, author, and a general in the Union Army during the Civil War. He was noted for his actions in the Union victory at Fort Pulaski, where his modern rifled artillery readily pounded the fort’s exterior stone walls, an action that essentially rendered stone fortifications obsolete. He earned an international reputation as an organizer of siege operations and helped revolutionize the use of naval gunnery. The CDV is signed on the back and dated Dec. 1863. The 3 on the year has an inkblot so it may not be 1863. A Google search for Gillmore’s autograph will show you that this is a genuine signature. CDV has been trimmed at bottom. Gillmore was born and raised in Black River (now the City of Lorain) in Lorain County, Ohio. He was named after the president-elect at the time of his birth, John Quincy Adams. He entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1845. He graduated in 1849, first in a class of 43 members. He was appointed to the engineers and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1856. From 1849 until 1852, he was engaged in constructing the fortifications at Hampton Roads in coastal Virginia. For the next four years, he was instructor of Practical Military Engineering at West Point and designed a new riding school. Beginning in 1856, Gillmore served as a purchasing agent for the Army in New York City. He was promoted to captain in 1861. With the outbreak of the Civil War in early 1861, Gilmore was assigned to the staff of Brig. Gen.Thomas W. Sherman and accompanied him to Port Royal, Virginia. After being appointed as a brigadier general, Gillmore took charge of the siege operations against Fort Pulaski. A staunch advocate of the relatively new naval rifled guns, he was the first officer to effectively use them to knock out an enemy stone fortification. More than 5,000 artillery shells fell on Pulaski from a range of 1,700 yards during the short siege, which resulted in the fort’s surrender after its walls were breached. The result of the efforts to breach a fort of such strength and at such a distance confers high honor on the engineering skill and self-reliant capacity of General Gilmore. Failure in an attempt made in opposition to the opinion of the ablest engineers in the army would have destroyed him. Success, which in this case is wholly attributable to his talent, energy, and independence, deserves a corresponding reward. -New York Tribune Although he was one of the best artillerists and engineers in the army he was not well respected by his men. After an assignment in New York City, Gillmore traveled to Lexington, Kentucky, where he supervised the construction of Fort Clay on a hilltop commanding the city. He was then assigned to replace Maj. Gen. Ormsby M. Mitchel in charge of the X Corps after that officer’s death from yellow fever. In addition, Gillmore commanded the Department of the South, consisting of North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, with headquarters at Hilton Head, from June 12, 1863, to May 1, 1864. Under his direction, the army constructed two earthen forts in coastal South Carolina-Fort Mitchel and Fort Holbrook, located in the Spanish Wells area near Hilton Head Island. He commanded forces that occupied Morris Island, Fort Wagner, and Fort Gregg, and also participated in the destruction of Fort Sumter. On July 18, 1863, during the siege of Charleston, South Carolina, Gillmore launched a major assault on Fort Wagner. The troops who assaulted Ft. Wagner were primarily from the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, which included only African-Americans in its complement. Gillmore had ordered that his forces be integrated and that African-Americans were not to be assigned menial tasks only, such as KP or latrine duty, but instead they were to carry arms into battle. They and their assault on Ft. Wagner were the subject of the 1989 Civil War movie Glory, which starred Morgan Freeman and Matthew Broderick. “So shortly after 6:30 p.m., on July 18, 1863, the Union Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (played by Matthew Broderick) readied the 600 men of the 54th Massachusetts regiment for an assault on Ft. Wager. Shaw was the 25 year old son of Boston abolitionists, was white, as were all his officers. Again, all the regiment’s enlisted complement were black, i.e. African-American.” [from the History Net, African American History, 54th Massachusetts Regiment]. Although he does not received attribution for his command in the credits, the African American troops in the movie “Glory” were in fact under General Gillmore’s command and were engaged in battle because of his orders ordering that they be allowed to do so. Prior that time, a 1792 law forbade African Americans from participating in the military, i.e., it forbade “persons of color from serving in the militia”. However, his troops were unable to seize Charleston. In February 1864, Gillmore sent troops to Florida under the command of General Truman Seymour. Despite orders from Gillmore not to advance into the interior of the state, General Seymour advanced toward Tallahassee, the capitol, and fought the largest battle in Florida, the Battle of Olustee, which resulted in a Union defeat. In early May, Gillmore and the X Corps were transferred to the Army of the James and shipped to Virginia. They took part in the Bermuda Hundred operations and played a principal role in the disastrous Drewry’s Bluff action. Gillmore openly feuded with his superior, Benjamin F. Butler over the blame for the defeat. Gillmore asked for reassignment and left for Washington, D.C., On July 11, 1864, Gillmore organized new recruits and invalids into a 20,000-man force to help protect the city from a threat by 10,000 Confederates under Jubal A. Early, who had reached the outer defenses of the Union capital. Gillmore was breveted as a major general of volunteers and a lieutenant colonel of engineers in the regular army. In mid-May 1865, Gillmore ordered all remaining slaves in the territory under his command to be freed; later that month he imposed martial law to enforce his orders. With the war over, he resigned from the volunteer army on December 5, 1865. Gillmore returned to New York City and became a well known civil engineer, authoring several books and articles on structural materials, including cement. He was involved in the reconstruction of fortifications along the Atlantic coast (including, ironically, some that he had destroyed as a Union general). He served on the Rapid Transit Commission that planned the elevated trains and mass public transportation, as well as leading efforts for harbor improvements and coastal defenses. He was a prominent member of the University Club of New York. One of General Gillmore’s sisters, Sophia, married a Civil War officer named Daniel Seth Leslie; Leslie was from the same area near Lorain, OH, as Gillmore. Three descendants of Daniel Seth Leslie were named in General Gillmore’s honor, i.e. “Quincy Gillmore Leslie”, his son “Quincy Charles Leslie” and his son, “Quincy Gilmore Leslie”. In light of General Gillmore’s association with African American troops under his command, Daniel Leslie was assigned some responsibilities for African American veterans after the Civil War. His name (Daniel Seth Leslie) is reported to appear on a monument to African American troops in the Washington, DC area. Some African Americans carried the Gillmore and Leslie names forward. The Traveling Secretary for the Negro Leagues Kansas City Monarchs was named Quincy “J.” Jordan Gilmore. (note the change from two LL’s in Gilmore). He was nicknamed “Sect” and held that position from 1920 to 1925, with the Monarchs winning the Negro League World Series in 1924. He was born in Gary, IN, on June 29, 1882, died Feb 2, 1952. A baseball card has been published in his honor, by “Phil Dixon, 1987”. Also, there are at least two contemporary (1990’s to 2007) African American’s named Quincy Leslie, one of whom is a Sergeant in the US Air Force. General Gillmore died at Brooklyn, New York, at the age of 63. His son and grandson, both also named Quincy Gillmore, were also generals in the U.S. Army. A coal schooner named in his honor, the General QA Gillmore, sank in 1881 in Lake Erie about 45 miles west of Lorain, near Kelley’s Island. The shipwreck remains in the shallow waters of the lake. A second ship was launched bearing his name, called the “Q. A. Gillmore”. It was a steam powered tugboat “Hull #24” built for the Great Lakes Towing Company of Cleveland, Ohio, and launched around 1912-13. She also sailed on the Great Lakes and participated in rescues of ships in the famous and infamous Great Lakes storm of 1913. She was later sold and renamed the Reiss, which was a line of Great Lakes ore and commodity carriers, but which went out of business in the 1970s or so; one such ship was the Richard Reiss. The tug Q. A. Gillmore, now named the Reiss, is still afloat, anchored and located off of Tower Marine in Saugatuk, Michigan, and about 100 yards from the retired cruise ship S.S. Keewatin. Saugatuk is on the shores of Lake Michigan. According to the owner of Tower Marine, R.J. Peterson of Saugatuk, as of the winter of 2007, her engines were still operational. The Reiss was owned by the Saugatuk Marine Museum and they donated the vessel to the Northeastern Maritime Historical Foundation of Duluth, Minnesota, sometime around May 2004. However, she is stuck in a mud bank out in the harbor and has not moved in recent years. Bottom trim o/w VG. $325

 R.A. Lewis, NY. Inscribed and signed on back “To John & Charity, from their Brother, Wm. Earle.” William Earle, Acting Master, 17 December, 1861. Honorably discharged 15 January, 1866. William Earle was the Acting Master of the USS Merrimac when she sunk. USS Merrimac was a sidewheel steamer first used in the Confederate States Navy that was captured and used in the United States Navy during the Civil War. Merrimac was purchased in England for the Confederate government in 1862. After a successful career as a blockade runner, she was captured by USS Iroquois off the coast of Cape Fear River, North Carolina, 24 July 1863. Purchased by the Navy from New York Prize Court 10 March 1864, Merrimac commissioned at New York 1 May 1864, Acting Master William P. Rogers in command. After joining the East Gulf Blockading Squadron in June 1864, she was ordered to cruise in the Gulf of Mexico. She captured Cuban sloop Henrettasailing from Bayport, Florida, with cotton for Havana. However, late in July yellow fever broke out amongMerrimac’s crew and she sailed north to allow her crew to recover. Upon arriving in New York she debarked her sick sailors at quarantine, and got underway for a cruise in the northwest Atlantic as far as St. John’s Newfoundland. Early in 1865 Merrimac was reassigned to the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. She got underway for the gulf early in February, but encountered extremely bad weather which forced her to stop at Beaufort, North Carolina, on the 7th and at Charleston, South Carolina on the 12th. Underway for Key West the next day, Merrimac ran into still worse weather which she fought until turning north on the 14th to seek the first port. On the afternoon of 15 February 1865, Acting Master William Earle ordered the crew to abandon ship after its tiller had broken, two boilers given out and the pumps failed to slow the rising water. That night, when the crew had been rescued by mail steamer Morning StarMerrimac was settling rapidly as she disappeared from sight. Trimmed top and bottom. G. $300

Wolff’s Gallery, Alexandria, Va. Dr. George Franklin French (1837-1921), surgeon on Grant’s staff; surgeon in chief, 1st Div., 15th Corps. VG. $200

CWCDV969. No photographer’s ID. Michael Connor, Co. C, IA 2nd Cavalry. 1st Lieut. (binder) VG. $150

Huntsville, Ala.
CWCDV987. Robinson & Murphy, Artists, Huntsville, Ala. Signed at bottom “Lt. J. Mahoney, USA.” Josiah Mahoney. Residence was not listed; 27 years old. Enlisted on 7/1/1864 as a 2nd Lieutenant. On 7/1/1864 he was commissioned into “D” Co. TN 8th Cavalry. He was Mustered Out on 9/11/1865 at Knoxville, TN. Corners clipped. G. $250

Munn & Faul, Ambrotype & Photographic Artists, Cairo, Ill. Written on bottom of card “Paymaster Davis, U.S.N.” 2-cent cancelled tax stamp on verso. George Leonard Davis. Paymaster, 16 April, 1861. Pay Inspector, 3 March, 1871. Retired List, 17 January, 1881. Died 3 December, 1884. Born in Massachusetts; appointed from Wisconsin April 16, 1861. Attached to steam-sloop Pensacola, West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-4; receiving-ship, Cairo, Ill, 1865; steam-sloop Pensacola, North Pacific Squadron, 1866-7; Fleet Paymaster, North Pacific Squadron, 1868-9. VG. $250

The following CDVs CWCDV1061 through CWCDV1070 (ones that have been sold have been removed) came from a Civil War album from Texas with the above inscription at the front of the album. “Presented by J.A. Maltby to Willie & annie–1887. Hondo City, Texas. Sabinal Canon.” I am indebted to Jim Crain for the identification of this difficult to read name and for information related to the name Maltby as well as to Larry Jones for additional information. Jim writes: “…there are a number of websites…some connecting the name with Texas Rangers and C.S.A.  Some mention a Captain Jeff Maltby.  I can’t be sure that any of these are your guy, but maybe scrutinizing these sites will lead to a connection….Larry Jones’ book “Civil War and Revolution on the Rio Grande Frontier” has a brief mention of William H. Maltby and Henry Maltby in connection with Brownsville, but nothing about Medina County. ” Another search found “Maltby to be a publisher of the Medina County News, 1885.”  Larry writes: “Maltby is a name that is in the Civil War & Rev. book.  I think you’ll find an entry on him in the Handbook of Texas online.  I checked my own book because I remember we reproduced a photo of one of the two Maltby brothers who resided in Brownsville and Matamoros during the war.  There is a CDV of William Maltby and two other men on p. 45.  His brother, Henry, published a pro-Confederate newspaper in Matamoros, Mexico when the Union Army occupied Brownsville.  The newspaper connection fits.  I think the Maltby’s originally were from Corpus Christi or moved there after the war.  I’ve visited the old downtown cemetery there and photographed one of the Malby Bros. tombstone.  DePlanque is buried in the same cemetery.” Additionally, Larry writes: “I read the two entries in the Handbook of Texas.  One for William Jeff Maltby and the other for Henry.  My sense of it is that there is no connection between the Texas Ranger named Maltby and the other Maltbys.  Note that Henry had five children and I’d bet money that J.A. Maltby is one of them.”

Confederate General A.P. Hill Confederate General A.P. Hill
CWCDV1064. E&HT Anthony, New York. Ambrose Powell Hill, Jr. (November 9, 1825 – April 2, 1865), was a career U.S. Army officer in the Mexican–American War and Seminole Wars and a Confederate general in the Civil War. He gained early fame as the commander of the “Light Division” in the Seven Days Battles and became one of Stonewall Jackson’s ablest subordinates, distinguishing himself in the 1862 battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Following Jackson’s death in May 1863 at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Hill was promoted to lieutenant general and commanded the Third Corps of Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, which he led in theGettysburg Campaign and the fall campaigns of 1863. His command of the corps in 1864–65 was interrupted on multiple occasions by illness, from which he did not return until just before the end of the war, when he was killed during the Union Army offensive at the Third Battle of Petersburg. G. $350

Confederate General Jubal Early Confederate General Jubal Early
CWCDV1065. No photographer ID. Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a lawyer and Confederate general in the Civil War. He served under Stonewall Jackson and then Robert E. Lee for almost the entire war, rising from regimental command to lieutenant general and the command of an infantry corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. He was the Confederate commander in key battles of the Valley Campaigns of 1864, including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington, D.C. The articles written by him for the Southern Historical Society in the 1870s established the Lost Cause point of view as a long-lasting literary and cultural phenomenon. G. $400

Confederate Meriwether Jeff Thompson cwcdv1111b
CWCDV1111. Pair of CDVs of Jeff Thompson and wife. First CDV is by E&HT Anthony. Meriwether Jeff Thompson (January 22, 1826 – September 5, 1876) was a brigadier general in the Missouri State Guard during the American Civil War. He served the Confederate Army as a cavalry commander, and had the unusual distinction of having a ship in the Confederate Navy named for him. The uniform he is wearing was a fantasy Confederate uniform used by photographers in the North who didn’t yet know what real Confederate general uniforms looked like. So, they just made one up. There are a few Confederate States generals in CDVs wearing the exact same uniform (with their headshots based on antebellum views). Second CDV has no backmark and is Emma Catherine Hays Thompson, wife of Jeff Thompson. VG. $250

Confederate General Thomas Clingman cwcdv1112b
CWCDV1112. E&HT Anthony. Thomas Lanier Clingman (July 27, 1812 – November 3, 1897), known as the “Prince of Politicians,” was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army. The uniform he is wearing was a fantasy Confederate uniform used by photographers in the North who didn’t yet know what real Confederate general uniforms looked like. So, they just made one up. There are a few Confederate States generals in CDVs wearing the exact same uniform (with their headshots based on antebellum views). VG. $200

cwcdv1128 Stonewall Jackson
CWCDV1128. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) was a Confederate general during the Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. The general survived with the loss of an arm to amputation, but died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment, becoming a mainstay in the pantheon of the “Lost Cause”. Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. history. His Valley Campaign and his envelopment of the Union Army right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide even today as examples of innovative and bold leadership. He excelled as well in other battles; the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) where he received his famous nickname “Stonewall”, Second Bull Run (Second Manassas), Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Jackson was not universally successful as a commander, however, as displayed by his weak and confused efforts during the Seven Days Battles around Richmond in 1862. G. $250

Boston Corbett 
CWCDV1163. Boston Corbett, killer of John Wilkes Booth. Earlier in his life he castrated himself with a pair of scissors in an effort to avoid sexual temptations. VG. $650

CWCDV1172. B.P. Paige, Plumb Gallery, Washington, DC. Capt. B. Easton, March 1st, 1864, Georgetown, D.C. VG. $150

CWCDV1187. D. Appleton & Co., NY. A.A. Turner, Photographer. Written on verso “George Merrill, Aid to Gen Sherman.” The “Sherman” referred to here is Gen. Thomas W. Sherman (not William Tecumseh). Residence was not listed; 30 years old. Enlisted on 9/3/1861 at Washington, DC as a 1st Lieutenant. On 10/8/1861 he was commissioned into “K” Co. NY 2nd Infantry.  He was discharged for promotion on 4/26/1862.  On 4/26/1862 he was commissioned into US Volunteers Adjutant Genl Dept.  He Resigned on 9/25/1862 Promotions: * Capt 4/26/1862 (Captain & Asst Adjutant General).   Other Information: born in New Hampshire. VG. $150

CWCDV1212. Photographic negatives from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Pair of CDVs of General Nathaniel P. Banks and his wife.  Nathaniel Prentice Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894) was a politician from Massachusetts and a Union general during the Civil War. A mill worker by background, Banks was prominent in local debating societies, and his oratorical skills were noted by the Democratic Party. But his abolitionist views fitted him better for the nascent Republican Party, through which he became Speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Massachusetts in the 1850s. Always a political chameleon (for which he was criticized by contemporaries), Banks was the first professional politician (with no outside business or other interests) to serve as Massachusetts Governor. At the outbreak of the Civil War, President Lincoln appointed Banks as one of the first ‘political’ major generals, over the heads of West Point regulars, who initially resented him, but came to acknowledge his influence on the administration of the war. After suffering a series of inglorious setbacks in the Shenandoah River Valley at the hands of Stonewall Jackson, Banks replaced Benjamin Butler at New Orleans as commander of the Department of the Gulf, charged with administration of Louisiana and gaining control of the Mississippi River. But he failed to reinforce Grant at Vicksburg, and badly handled the Siege of Port Hudson, taking its surrender only after Vicksburg had fallen. He then launched the Red River Campaign, a failed attempt to occupy eastern Texas that prompted his recall. Banks was regularly criticized for the failures of his campaigns, notably in tactically important tasks including reconnaissance. Banks was also instrumental in early reconstruction efforts in Louisiana, intended by Lincoln as a model for later such activities. After the war, Banks returned to the Massachusetts political scene, serving in Congress, where he supported Manifest Destiny, influenced the Alaska Purchase legislation, and supported women’s suffrage. In his later years he adopted more liberal progressive causes, and served as a United States marshal for Massachusetts before suffering a decline in his mental faculties.

Mrs. Banks, Mary Theodosia Palmer (10/16/19-2/1/01), married Banks in 1847 and was married to him until his death in 1894. They had 4 children. VG. $150 for the pair.

CWCDV1221. Brady’s Album Gallery. No. 384. White House, Formerly residence of Mrs. Custis Washington, now the residence of Col. Lee. 17th May, 1862. Barnard & Gibson’s 1862 copyright line bottom recto. VG. $250

CWCDV1236. E&HT Anthony. Rose O’Neal Greenhow, confederate spy.  Greenhow resided in Washington, D.C. and was both a prominent hostess and habitué of soirees and levees. Considered an attractive woman, she socialized with influential politicians and United States Senators. It is alleged that one of her paramours, Senator Henry Wilson of Massachusetts, revealed some intelligence about the impending Union offensive at Bull’s Run, or Manassas, This vital information was promptly transmitted by Greenhow to her Southern contacts and resulted in the disastrous rout of Union forces. She was subsequently arrested and imprisoned, but outwitted her jailers and continued to pass on military secrets. Expelled from Washington, she went South and eventually drowned while attempting to bypass a Union naval blockade. G+. $650

CWCDV1274. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Felix Kirk Zollicoffer (May 19, 1812 – January 19, 1862) was a newspaperman, three-term United States Congressman from Tennessee, officer in the Army, and a Confederate brigadier general during the Civil War. He led the first Confederate invasion of eastern Kentucky and was killed in action at the Battle of Mill Springs. Zollicoffer was the first Confederate general to die in the Western Theater. VG. $150

CWCDV1285. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Edwin Vose Sumner (January 30, 1797 – March 21, 1863) was a career Army officer who became a Union general and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the Civil War. His nicknames “Bull” or “Bull Head” came both from his great booming voice and a legend that a musket ball once bounced off his head. Sumner fought in the Black Hawk War, with distinction in the Mexican–American War, on the Western frontier, and in the Eastern Theater for the first half of the Civil War. He led the II Corps of the Army of the Potomac through the Peninsula Campaign, the Seven Days Battles, and the Maryland Campaign, and the Right Grand Division of the Army during the Battle of Fredericksburg. He died in March 1863 while awaiting transfer. Corners clipped. VG. $125

CWCDV1303. E. Anthony. Edward Dickinson Baker (February 24, 1811 – October 21, 1861) was an English-born American politician, lawyer, and military leader. In his political career, Baker served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois and later as a U.S. Senator from Oregon. A long-time close friend of President Abraham Lincoln, Baker served as U.S. Army colonel during both the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. Baker was killed in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff while leading a Union Army regiment, becoming the only sitting U.S. senator ever to be killed in a military engagement. VG. $125

CWCDV1323. Swaine & Mote, Portable Gallery. W.F. Stevenson, operator. Swain & Mote were located in Richmond, Indiana. This postwar CDV shows a man with an 1840’s saber and a seated woman. Between them is a toy elephant. My interpretation of this CDV is that the gentleman is a Civil War veteran and he has “seen the elephant,” an expression of facing the frightening aspects of battle. This CDV has a newspaper obituary with it titled “Death Claims Dr. J.L. Ringo.” Dr. Ringo lived in Elwood, Indiana. The obituary does not mention anything about the Civil War so I don’t know what the relationship is between the image and the obituary. Light contrast on the image. G-. $150

CWCDV1336. No photographer ID. Lieut. Gen. U.S. Grant wearing a black mourning ribbon on his arm in mourning for the death of Abraham Lincoln. VG. $150

CWCDV1341. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Mrs. General Gaines, Myra Clark Gaines (6/30/04-1/9/85). Wife of Gen. Edmund Pendelton Gaines (3/20/1777-6/6/49). She was involved in the longest running lawsuit in US history. VG. $75

CWCDV1342. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Mrs. General Gaines, Myra Clark Gaines (6/30/04-1/9/85). Wife of Gen. Edmund Pendelton Gaines (3/20/1777-6/6/49). She was involved in the longest running lawsuit in US history. VG. $75

CWCDV1352. Hughes & Lakin, Natchez, Miss. Isaac B. Patterson. Residence Earlville IL; 33 years old. Enlisted on 11/28/1863 at Earlville, IL as a Private. On 12/31/1863 he mustered into “I” Co. IL 4th Cavalry. He was transferred out on 6/23/1865 at New Orleans, LA. On 6/23/1865 he transferred into “I” Co. IL 12th Cavalry. He was Mustered Out on 5/24/1865 at Vicksburg, MS. Intra Regimental Company Transfers: 6/14/1865 from company I to company B. Writing on verso appears to read “Freedom, Lasall Co., Ills.” G. $150

CWCDV1353. Jos. H. Dillon, Natchez, Miss. Signed “Truly Yours Frank. H. Bower.” This is 1st Lt. Franklin H. Bower. Residence Mount Palatine IL; a 22 year-old Farmer. Enlisted on 9/18/1861 at Ottawa, IL as a Private. On 9/26/1861 he mustered into “E” Co. IL 4th Cavalry. He Re-enlisted on 2/17/1864. He was discharged for promotion on 8/31/1864 at Natchez, MS. On 8/31/1864 he was commissioned into “I” Co. US CT 71st Infantry. Promotions: 1st Lieut 8/31/1864 (As of Co. I 71st USCT Infantry). He was described at enlistment as: 5′ 6″, florid complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. Other Information: born in Pennsylvania. The 71st USCT was organized at Black River Bridge and Natchez, Mississippi. VG. $250

PPCDV152. Shaw, Chicago. George H. Fergus (1840-1911), book & job printer; lieutenant Co. K, NY 11 Infantry (Ellsworth’s Zouaves); collector of Chicago data; born in a house that stood on the ground of where the Olympic Theater was in 1911. Referred to in the newspaper article shown above as a “Human Directory.” VG. $85

CWCAB27. Cabinet Card by G.W. Pach, New York of Peter Smith Michie. Enlisted 6/11/1863 as a 1st Lt. Commissioned into US Army 1st Battalion Engineers. Promotions: Capt. 10/28/1864 by Brevet; Major 10/28/1864 by Brevet; Brig-General 1/1/1865 by Brevet; Lt. Colonel 3/23/1865 (Lieut and Asst Inspector General); Lt. Colonel 4/9/1865 by Brevet; Capt. 11/23/1865. Born 3/24/1939 in Brechin, Scotland; died 2/16/1901 in West Point, NY. Graduate USMA 6/11/1863, 2nd in class. VG. $75

CWCDV1358. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony of Maria Knox Innis Crittenden (10/4/1796 – 9/8/1851), second wife of John Jordan Crittenden  (9/10/1787 – 7/26/1863), politician from Kentucky. He represented the state in both the House and the Senate and twice served as Attorney General in the administrations of William Henry Harrison, John Tyler and Millard Fillmore. He was also the 17th governor of Kentucky and served in the state legislature. Although frequently mentioned as a potential candidate for the U.S. presidency, he never consented to run for the office. One of Crittenden’s sons, George B. Crittenden, became a general in the Confederate Army. Another son, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, became a general in the Union Army. John Jordan Crittenden was elected to the House of Representatives in 1861, and supported the Union. However, he criticized many of the policies of President Abraham Lincoln and the U.S. Congress, including the Emancipation Proclamation and the admission of West Virginia to the Union. He continued to work for reconciliation of the states throughout his time in office. He declared his candidacy for re-election to the House in 1863, but died before the election took place. His son, Thomas Crittenden married his step sister Catherine Lucy Todd Crittenden (Maria’s daughter from her first marriage). They had one son John J. Crittenden III (6/5/54 – 6/25/76) who as an officer in the Army was killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn while on temporary assignment in the 7th U.S. Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer. VG. $75

Woodbury, Augustus, Chaplain of the Regiment. A Narrative of the Campaign of the First Rhode Island Regiment, in the Spring and Summer of 1861. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1862. Signed by John R. Bartlett at top right of the title page. There are 17 tipped-in photographs in the book. The frontispiece is a photo of Burnside, 4.5″ x 3.5.” The rest of the images are CDV size. Titles are: Rev. Augustus Woodbury; Major Balch; Falls Church; Fairfax Court House; Sudley Church, Bull Run; Hetacomb at Sudley Church where over 100 Federal troops were buried; Mathews’ House used for a hospital during Battle; Sudley Ford and Church, Bull Run; Sudley Ford, Bull Run; Stone Bridge, Bull Run; Fortifications at Manassas; Earl Carpenter; Col. J.S. Slocum; Lieut. Prescott; Long Bridge Across the Potomac; & Stone Church Centreville. The images are in VG-E condition. There are also many steel engravings of generals, scenes, Lincoln, etc. bound in as well a map of Bull Run. The book measures 10.25″ x 7.25,” in original old boards. There is an old waterstain along the top of the volume, not affecting text or photos. There are some old newspaper reviews laid in. A very rare volume with 17 tipped-in photos. All copies that I have been able to find have just one image tipped-in. G. $3000

CWCDV1422. Negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery. Published by E. Anthony, NY. General George McClellan and Staff. Left to right, Henry F. Clarke, Gen. McClellan, Stewart Van Vliet, and William F. Barry (seated). Trimmed at bottom. VG. $150

CWCDV1438. J.L. Eck, the “Excelsior” Traveling Artist. Corporal Samuel Reinhart. Residence Lehigh County PA; Enlisted on 9/17/1861 as a Private. On 9/17/1861 he mustered into “K” Co. PA 47th Infantry. He was Mustered Out on 12/25/1865 at Charleston, SC. He was listed as: * Wounded 10/22/1862 Pocotaligo, SC. Promotions: * Corpl 8/1/1864 * Sergt 10/1/1865. G. $150

CWCDV1439.  T.J. Taylor, Bellefonte, Pa. Nicholas I. Orris. Residence Perry County PA; Enlisted on 9/19/1861 as a Private. On 9/19/1861 he mustered into “H” Co. PA 47th Infantry. He was Killed on 4/9/1864 at Pleasant Hill, LA. VG. $250

CWCDV1445. The Original French Pearl Pictures, taken at Alfred W. Jacobs’ Galleries, 210 Atlantic St., Corner Court Street, and 469 Columbia Street, near Sackett Street, Brooklyn. William Henry Fried. Term of Service: 30 August 1861 – 26 September 1864 (discharged on Surgeon’s Certificate of Disability, Fort Jefferson). Rank: Private. Honors/Service Distinctions: Discharged at Washington, D.C. on a Surgeon’s Certificate of Disability 26 September 1864. Veteran Volunteer (re-enlisted at Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, Florida 19 October 1863). Tintype in paper mat. VG. $125

CWCDV1452. W.S. Lukenbach, Newport, Penna. James Downs. Residence Perry County PA; Enlisted on 8/31/1861 as a Private. On 8/31/1861 he mustered into “D” Co. PA 47th Infantry. He was Mustered Out on 12/25/1865 at Charleston, SC. He was listed as: * POW 4/9/1864 Sabine Cross Roads, LA * Returned 7/22/1864 (place not stated). Promotions: * Corpl 7/5/1865. Other Information: born in 1837; died in 1921. Buried: Brookville, PA. G. $150

CWCDV1487. Winslow & Slocum, Military Photographers, Fort Schuyler, Davids Island, Willetta Point, &c. Duplicates can be had from this Negative by addressing 227 Sixth Avenue, cor. 15th Street, New York. Unidentified lieutenant 10th VRC. VG. $150

CWCDV1498. Jno. Holyland, Washington, DC. Unidentified VRC soldier before studio Civil War backdrop. VG. $150

CWCDV1500. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Gallery, NY. “G” and “21” on hat. Unidentified VRC soldier. VG. $150

CWCDV1509. L.C. Laudy, Peekskill, NY. Signed on verso “Louis W. Stevenson Lt. 10th V.R.C.” 28 years old. Enlisted on 12/18/1862 at Brooklyn, NY as a 2nd Lieutenant. On 12/18/1862 he was commissioned into “B” Co. NY 176th Infantry.  He was Mustered Out on 8/8/1864 He was listed as: * POW 6/23/1863 Brashear City, LA * Paroled 7/24/1864 (place not stated). G. $150

CWCDV1511. No photographer ID. Signed on verso “G.C. Rowe Co. H 19th Regt. V.R.C. Washington, DC.” George C. Rowe. Residence was not listed; 35 years old. Enlisted on 12/2/1861 as a Private. On 12/2/1861 he mustered into “B” Co. OH 82nd Infantry.  He was transferred out on 3/23/1864. On 3/23/1864 he transferred into “H” Co. Veteran Reserve Corps 19th Regt (date and method of discharge not given).

The 82 Ohio Infantry was organized at Kenton, Hardin County, from Oct. to Dec., 1861, to serve for three years, with an aggregate of 968 men. In Jan., 1862, it moved for Western Virginia, and was first under fire at the battle of Bull Pasture Mountain. It joined in the pursuit of Jackson up the valley; fought in the Battle of Cross Keys, was also present at Cedar Mountain, and participated in a sharp skirmish at Freeman’s Ford. The destruction of Waterloo Bridge being ordered, the work was entrusted to this regiment and a select party dashed forward under a brisk fire, ignited the timbers, and in a few moments the work of destruction was complete. At the Second Bull Run the regiment lost heavily. It went into winter quarters at Stafford Court House and in the following April moved on the Chancellorsville Campaign. In the battle of that name it moved steadily into the entrenchments and opened a rapid fire upon the advancing foe. As the enemy swept around the flanks of the regiment it was forced to retreat and when it reached its new position only 134 men were with the colors. It was on duty in the trenches or on the picket line until the army commenced to retire. The regiment went into action at Gettysburg with 22 commissioned officers and 236 men, of whom 19 officers and 147 men were killed, wounded or captured, leaving only 3 officers and 89 men; but this little band brought off the colors safely. In the autumn following the regiment was ordered to join the Army of the Cumberland and at Wauhatchie, Tenn., it led the advance up the steep and rugged slope, driving the Confederates from the summit. It was held in reserve during the engagement at Orchard knob, but it moved up under a heavy fire from the batteries on Missionary ridge and assisted in the skirmishing which followed that engagement, and in building the entrenchments. In November it moved to the relief of Knoxville, but Longstreet having raised the siege it returned to Lookout Valley. There, of 349 enlisted men present, 321 were mustered into the service as veteran volunteers in Jan., 1864. After a furlough home the regiment, rejoined its brigade in March and soon afterward entered upon the Atlanta Campaign. It participated in the charge at Resaca, but sustained little loss, as the enemy was too much surprised and embarrassed to fire effectively. It was one of the first regiments in position at Peachtree Creek and lost not less than 75 in killed and wounded. During the siege of Atlanta it held an important and exposed position on a hill adjoining Marietta Street, being within range both of artillery and musketry, and on one occasion a cannon shot carried away the regimental colors, tearing them to shreds. The regiment remained in camp at Atlanta, engaged in work on the fortifications for a time, and then started with Sherman’s army for Savannah. It met with nothing worthy of particular note until Wheeler’s cavalry was encountered at Sandersville, where one company assisted in dislodging the enemy. The regiment moved on the Carolinas Campaign and performed its full share of marching, foraging and corduroying. It participated in the affairs at Averasboro and Bentonville, having 10 men wounded in the former and in the latter 11 wounded and 14 missing. It was mustered out on July 24, 1865. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg. VG. $450

CWCDV1513. Kimball & Son, Concord, NH. Written on verso, possibly signed “Harry Benton.” Accompanied by print out from Deeks indicating that Benton was involved in organizing the first company of the Invalid Corps. But I have not researched this as of yet. VG. $250

CWCDV1514. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, Washington DC and NY. On back is written “Probably J. Watts De Peyster, Jr. 1st Lt., 11th Cavalry. Major, 1st NY LA 26 June 1862 (p. 1223)”. VG. $250

CWCDV1515. No photographer ID. Inscribed bottom recto Cpl. George Cook, Battery E, 13 regt. Residence was not listed; 19 years old. Enlisted on 1/5/1864 at Ephratah, NY as a Private. On 3/10/1864 he mustered into “E” Co. NY 13th Heavy Artillery. There is no info in his listing about a promotion so not certain of the ID. He was Mustered Out on 7/18/1865 at Norfolk, VA. Tinted chevrons. G. $200

CWCDV1519. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Fitz John Porter (August 31, 1822 – May 21, 1901) was a career Army officer and a Union general during the Civil War. He is known for his performance at Second Bull Run and his subsequent court martial. Although Porter served well in the early battles of the Civil War, his military career was ruined by the controversial trial, which was called by his political rivals. After the war, he worked for almost 25 years to restore his tarnished reputation and was finally restored to the army’s roll. Label for Rigby & Stearns, Druggists, Detroit. on verso. VG. $275

CWCDV1547. Kimball & Son, Concord, N.H. Surgeon Josiah Calef Eastman. Enlisted on 8/20/1861 at Hampstead, NH as a Surgeon. On 9/18/1861 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NH 4th Infantry. He Resigned on 10/7/1862. Other Information: born 4/22/1811 in Loudon, NH; died 11/27/1897 in Hampstead, NH. (Son of Dr. Joseph & Miriam (Calef) Eastman. Married Ann A. Wilson on 05/03/1841). After the War he lived in Hampstead, NH. Corners clipped. VG. $250

CWCDV1554. CDV by S. Anderson, New Orleans, La. Signed on verso “Theo. W. Kraft.” Theodore W. Kraft. Enlisted on 8/9/1862 at Ghent, NY as a Corporal. On 8/11/1862 he mustered into “A” Co. NY 128th Infantry. He was Mustered Out on 7/12/1865 at Savannah, GA. He was listed as: * Wounded 10/19/1864 Cedar Creek, VA * Paroled 2/22/1865 (place not stated). Promotions: * Sergt 4/30/1863 * 2nd Lieut 9/6/1863 * 1st Lieut 6/17/1865. He also had service in: NY 165th Infantry (Prior service). Other Information: died 6/1/1895. Buried: Chatham Rural Cemetery, Chatham, NY. (Buried with: Dorothy M. Hogeboom, Wife, Mar 14, 1898, 82; Theodore W. Jr. 1848-1884; Elizabeth Cheever, Wife of Theodore Jr.). VG. $200

CWCDV1555. S. Moses, New Orleans, La. I received the following from collector and researcher Dale Baur: “Charles P. Wilson served as an enlisted man in company B of the 18th Ohio (3 month unit) and later company F, 79th Ohio. If you go to the ‘Civil War Index’ and its listing for the 79th Ohio and then click on its ‘roster’ you will find notation that Wilson was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant in the 90th US Colored Infantry. It served in LA and the notation I made on the image I recorded was that it carried a Moses, New Orleans photographer’s backmark. Unfortunately I do not recall where I happened upon the image (most likely it was just randomly in the course of doing Civil War research on-line). I recorded it because I was tracking and recording images with documented painted backdrops and if the soldier was identified I recorded that too. Hope this helps.” VG. $250

CWCDV1580. Andrews, Artist, Davis & Co., Boston. Unidentified solider with pistol tucked in his belt. There is a dig into the image around the center of his chest. G-. $150

CWCDV1582. C.D. Fredricks & Co., NY. John Ericsson (born Johan Ericsson; July 31, 1803 – March 8, 1889) was a Swedish-American inventor. He was active in England and the United States. Ericsson collaborated on the design of the railroad steam locomotive Novelty, which competed in the Rainhill Trials on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which were won by inventor George Stephenson’s (1781-1848), Rocket. In North America, he designed the United States Navy’s first screw-propelled steam-frigate USS Princeton, in partnership with Captain (later Commodore) Robert F. Stockton (1795-1866), who unjustly blamed him for a fatal accident. A new partnership with Cornelius H. DeLamater (1821-1889), of the DeLamater Iron Works in New York City resulted in the first armored ironclad warship equipped with a rotating gun turret, USS Monitor, which dramatically saved the U.S. (Union Navy) naval blockading squadron from destruction by an ironclad Confederate States naval vessel, CSS Virginia, at the famous Battle of Hampton Roads at the southern mouth of Chesapeake Bay (with the James River) in March 1862, during the Civil War. VG. $150

CWALB13. Nathaniel Banks family album. This album is original and intact. There are 48 slots for images and there are 49 images, as one image had a CDV behind another. The album is annotated with many names beneath the images. I have removed all of the images from the album and noted their places in the album by consecutively numbering them in the lower right versos. Each of the images above is described here. Each scan is described from top left, across, then bottom left, and across. There are many images of Nathaniel Banks, including one signed image, as well as members of his family. I assume the others are family friends, etc.

Inscription on front page: “Maria M. Harris, New York 1863.”

“The Photographic Album. New York. D. Appleton & Co., 443 & 445 Broadway. 1862.”

First and second scans:

Inscription in German above first CDV. (cannot make it out).

  1. Unidentified gentleman by Manchester Bros. & Angell, Photographing House, 73 Westminster Street, Prov. R.I.
  2. Fannie Martin, N.Y. by Johnston Bros., 867 Broadway, New York.
  3. Nathaniel Banks, by Charles D. Fredricks & Co., “Specialite,” 587 Broadway, New York. 1” split at left bottom of card.
  4. Ella Childs by Johnson, Williams & Co., Photographers, Nos. 952, 954 & 956 Broadway, Cor. Madison Square, (23d St.), Opposite Fifth Ave. Hotel, New York.
  5. On verso “J.P.C. Jr. to M.M.H. Thanksgiving 1865.” At top of album page is written: ‘“Always keep your hand(s) in practice.” J.P.C. Jr. Sept. 8th, 1865.’ Beneath image: “John Crosby, N.Y.”
  6. Harry Williams, N.Y., by J.H. & J.L. Abbott, Photographers, 480 Broadway, Albany, N.Y.
  7. Fannie Brush, N.Y., by Faris, 751 Broadway.
  8. Unidentified woman and girl by George G. Rockwood, Photographer, 839 Broadway, New York.
  9. Gen. & Mrs. Banks, by Warren, Post Office Block, Cambridgeport, mass.
  10. Ned Slocum, N.Y. by R.A. Lewis, 152 Chatham St., N.Y.
  11. Gen. Banks Family, by E. Jacobs, 93 Camp St., New Orleans, La.
  12. Joe Banks, Wm. Guay, No. 75 Camp Street, New Orleans.

Third and fourth scans:

  1. Maud Banks, no backmark.
  2. Mrs. Banks, by Guay & Co., No. 75 Camp Street, New Orleans.
  3. Jim Platt, Oswego, N.Y.. by J. Taylor’s Photographic Studio, 191 6th Avenue near 13th Street, New York.
  4. George Rodeo, R.I. by Proctor’s Room, East Boston, A.N. Proctor/C.W. Dodge.
  5. Edith Phillips, N.Y., by American Phototype Company, No. 2 Leroy Place, New York.
  6. Banks, by Charles D. Fredricks & Co., “Specialite,” 587 Broadway, New York.
  7. Miss Chittenden, N.Y. by J.B. Gardner, Photographer, 305 6th Ave. S.W. Cor. 19th St., New-York.
  8. Signed “N.P. Banks,” by Brady, Washington.
  9. Unidentified young girl by Manchester Bros., Photographers, 73 Westminster Str., Providence, R.I.
  10. Unidentified gentleman by J.P. & F.W. Hardy, Photographers, Bangor, Me.
  11. Unidentified young man by S. Sprague, 159 Westminster Street, Providence, R.I.
  12. Mrs. Pease, R.I., by R.A. Lewis, 152 Chatham Street, New York.

Fifth & sixth scans:

  1. Mr. Pease, by R.A. Lewis, 152 Chatham Street, New York.
  2. Unidentified woman by Manchester Bros., Photographers, 73 Westminster Str., Providence, R.I.
  3. Unidentified gentleman, by R.A. Lewis, 160 Chatham Street, New York.
  4. Cyrus Harris, Uncle Cyrus, by Manchester Bros., Photographers, 73 Westminster Str., Providence, R.I.
  5. Sarah Anthony, by Frank Rowell, Photographer, 25 Westminster Street, Prov., R.I.
  6. Lillie Treat, by Manchester Bros., Artists, 73 Westminster St., Prov., R.I.
  7. Mr. Lawrence, N.Y., by Charles D. Fredricks & Co., “Specialite,” 587 Broadway, New York.
  8. Lucy Green, by Manchester Bro & Angell, Photographers, 73 Westminster St., Providence, R.I.
  9. Maj. Gen’l N.P. Banks, by M.B. Brady, Washington, DC. 1861 copyright line bottom recto.
  10. Oliver Sherwood, tintype by R.D. Bradley, New Haven, Ct.
  11. Josie Bigelow, So. Quincy, 1863, July, by E.R. Perkins, 241 Essex Street, Salem.
  12. Bettie Lee, New Haven, by W. Hunt, Photographer, 332 Chapel St., New Haven, Conn.

Seventh & eighth scans:

  1. Uncle Caleb, no backmark.
  2. Mrs. Gen. Banks, by H.F. Warren, Waltham.
  3. Rachel Brown, by Dunshee, Artist, 175 Westminster St., Prov. R.I.
  4. Julia Cockle, Ill., by J. Thurlow, One door above Second National Bank, Main St., Peoria.
  5. Martin Goohin, N.Y. by Frank Rowell, Photographer, 25 Westminster Street, Prov., R.I.
  6. N.P. Banks, from photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony.
  7. Miss Lily Brighton, River Point, by Manchester Bros., Photographers, 73 Westminster St., Providence, R.I.
  8. Prof. Lincoln, by Manchester Bros., Photographers, 73 Westminster St. Providence, R.I.
  9. Alice Waterman, by Bundy & Rowell, Photographers, 25 Westminster St., Providence, R.I.
  10. Julia Allen, Oswego, N.Y., no backmark.
  11. Miss Lillie Toby, R.I., no backmark.
  12. Mr. Anthony, R.I., by Black & Case, Photographic Artists, 163 & 173 Washington St., Boston.

Ninth & tenth scans:

  1. This CDV was behind the CDV of Joe Banks. It is an unidentified young man by Manchester Bro. & Angell, 73 Westminster St., Prov., R.I

Album is intact, clasps present. Overall VG. $2000

CWCDV1596. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. General Frederick West Lander (1821-1862). He was a transcontinental United States explorer, general in the Union Army during the Civil War, and a prolific poet. The United States government employed him on transcontinental surveys to select a route for a Pacific railroad. Later he undertook a survey for the same purpose at his own expense and was the only man of the party to survive. He constructed the overland wagon route in the face of great difficulties and constant hostility of the Indians. After its completion in 1859, the Lander Road became popular with wagon trains as an alternate route from Burnt Ranch in the Wyoming Territory to Fort Hall in the Oregon Territory. His expedition to survey the Lander Road in 1859 included artists Albert Bierstadt, Henry Hitchings, and Francis Seth Frost, who photographed, sketched, and painted some of the earliest images that people could see of the West. During the early part of the Civil War, Lander served with distinction on secret missions as a volunteer aide de camp on the staff of General McClellan. He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on May 17, 1861 and served on the staff of General Thomas A. Morris during the battles of Philippi and Rich Mountain and many minor skirmishes. Lander published a popular poem on the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, as well as several other patriotic poems that drew national attention. At the conclusion of the Western Virginia campaign, General Lander was assigned to command a brigade in Charles P. Stone’s Division of the Army of the Potomac. After just a short time in command of a brigade he was assigned to command the District of Harpers Ferry & Cumberland, Maryland where he was involved in a small engagement at Edward’s Ferry, the day after the Battle of Ball’s Bluff and was badly wounded in the leg. He was now given the command of a division in the Army of the Potomac with the task of protecting the upper Potomac River. When Confederate forces under Stonewall Jackson bombarded Hancock, Maryland, Lander refused to surrender the town, forcing the Confederates to withdraw towards, Romney, West Virginia. He led a successful charge against a Confederate camp at Bloomery Gap on February 14, 1862. About 2 weeks later he was stricken by a “congestive chill.” Lander died from complications of pneumonia at Camp Chase, Paw Paw, Virginia (later West Virginia) on March 2, 1862 after receiving no response to his requests for relief from command due to poor health for over two weeks. President Lincoln attended his funeral at the Church of the Epiphany in Washington. Lander had married English-born stage actress Jean Margaret Davenport in San Francisco in October 1860, but the couple had no children. Davenport served as a Union military nurse and supervisor for two years in South Carolina after her husband’s death. He is buried at the Broad Street Cemetery in Salem, Massachusetts. Scratches at top of image. G. $175

CWCDV1597. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. John Pope (March 16, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career US Army officer and Union general in the Civil War. He had a brief stint in the Western Theater, but he is best known for his defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas) in the East. Pope was a graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1842. He served in the Mexican–American War and had numerous assignments as a topographical engineer and surveyor in Florida, New Mexico, and Minnesota. He spent much of the last decade before the Civil War surveying possible southern routes for the proposed First Transcontinental Railroad. He was an early appointee as a Union brigadier general of volunteers and served initially under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont. He achieved initial success against Brig. Gen. Sterling Price in Missouri, then led a successful campaign that captured Island No. 10 on the Mississippi River. This inspired the Lincoln administration to bring him to the Eastern Theater to lead the newly formed Army of Virginia. He initially alienated many of his officers and men by publicly denigrating their record in comparison to his Western command. He launched an offensive against the Confederate army of General Robert E. Lee, in which he fell prey to a strategic turning movement into his rear areas by Maj. Gen. Stonewall Jackson. At Second Bull Run, he concentrated his attention on attacking Jackson while the other Confederate corps led by Maj. Gen. James Longstreet attacked his flank and routed his army. Following Manassas, Pope was banished far from the Eastern Theater to the Department of the Northwest in Minnesota, where he commanded U.S. Forces in the Dakota War of 1862. He was appointed to command the Department of the Missouri in 1865 and was a prominent and activist commander during Reconstruction in Atlanta. For the rest of his military career, he fought in the Indian Wars, particularly against the Apache and Sioux. VG. $150

CWCDV1598. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was an American major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer, and businessman from Massachusetts. Born in New Hampshire and raised in Lowell, Massachusetts, Butler is best known as a political major general of the Union Army during the Civil War and for his leadership role in the impeachment of U.S. President Andrew Johnson. He was a colorful and often controversial figure on the national stage and on the Massachusetts political scene, serving five terms in the U.S. House of Representatives and running several campaigns for governor before his election to that office in 1882. Butler, a successful trial lawyer, served in the Massachusetts legislature as an antiwar Democrat and as an officer in the state militia. Early in the Civil War he joined the Union Army, where he was noted for his lack of military skill and his controversial command of New Orleans, which brought him wide dislike in the South and the “Beast” epithet. Although freeing an enemy’s slaves in wartime was nothing new, Butler created the legal idea of doing so by designating them as contraband of war, which led to ending slavery becoming an official war goal. His commands were marred by financial and logistical dealings across enemy lines, some of which may have taken place with his knowledge and to his financial benefit. Butler was dismissed from the Union Army after his failures in the First Battle of Fort Fisher, but he soon won election to the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. As a Radical Republican he considered President Johnson’s Reconstruction agenda to be too weak, advocating harsher punishments of former Confederate leadership and stronger stances on civil rights reform. He was also an early proponent of the prospect of impeaching Johnson. After Johnson was impeached in early 1868, Butler served as the lead prosecutor among the House-appointed impeachment managers in the Johnson impeachment trial proceedings. Additionally, as Chairman of the House Committee on Reconstruction, Butler authored the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 and coauthored the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1875. In Massachusetts, Butler was often at odds with more conservative members of the political establishment over matters of both style and substance. Feuds with Republican politicians led to his being denied several nominations for the governorship between 1858 and 1880. Returning to the Democratic fold, he won the governorship in the 1882 election with Democratic and Greenback Party support. He ran for president on the Greenback Party and the Anti-Monopoly Party tickets in 1884. VG. $150

CWCDV1599. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890) was an explorer, military officer, and politician. He was a U.S. Senator from California, and, in 1856, was the first Republican nominee for president of the United States and founder of the California Republican Party when he was nominated. A native of Georgia, he was an opponent of slavery. In the 1840s, Frémont led five expeditions into the Western United States. While on the third expedition, he and his men committed a number of massacres against Native Americans in California. During the Mexican–American War, Frémont, a major in the U.S. Army, took control of California from the California Republic in 1846. Frémont was court-martialed and convicted for mutiny and insubordination after a conflict over who was the rightful military governor of California. After his sentence was commuted and he was reinstated by President Polk, Frémont resigned from the Army. Afterwards, Frémont settled in California at Monterey while buying cheap land in the Sierra foothills. When gold was found on his Mariposa ranch, Frémont became a wealthy man during the California Gold Rush. Frémont became one of the first two U.S. senators elected from the new state of California in 1850. Frémont was the first presidential candidate of the new Republican Party, carrying most of the North. He lost the 1856 presidential election to Democrat James Buchanan when Know Nothings split the vote. At the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, he was given command of Department of the West by President Abraham Lincoln. Although Frémont had successes during his brief tenure there, he ran his department autocratically and made hasty decisions without consulting President Lincoln or Army headquarters. He issued an unauthorized emancipation edict and was relieved of his command for insubordination by Lincoln. After a brief service tenure in the Mountain Department in 1862, Frémont resided in New York, retiring from the army in 1864. Frémont was nominated for president in 1864 by the Radical Democracy Party, a breakaway faction of abolitionist Republicans, but he withdrew before the election. After the Civil War, Frémont lost much of his wealth in the unsuccessful Pacific Railroad in 1866, and he lost more in the Panic of 1873. Frémont served as Governor of Arizona from 1878 to 1881. After his resignation as governor, Frémont retired from politics and died destitute in New York City in 1890. Historians portray Frémont as controversial, impetuous, and contradictory. Some scholars regard him as a military hero of significant accomplishment, while others view him as a failure who repeatedly defeated his own best interests. The keys to Frémont’s character and personality, several historians argue, lie in his having been born illegitimate and in his drive for success, need for self-justification, and passive–aggressive behavior. His biographer, Allan Nevins, wrote that Frémont lived a dramatic life of remarkable successes and dismal failures. VG. $150

CWCDV1600. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was an American officer. He served as a Union general during the Civil War. He achieved notability for his unauthorized 1862 order (immediately rescinded) emancipating slaves in three Southern states, for his leadership of United States troops during the Valley Campaigns of 1864, and as the president of the military commission trying the conspirators involved with the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. VG. $150

CWCDV1601. E. Anthony. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) was a Confederate general during the Civil War, and became one of the best-known Confederate commanders, after Robert E. Lee. He played a prominent role in nearly all military engagements in the Eastern Theater of the war until his death, and had a key part in winning many significant battles. Military historians regard him as one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. history. Born in what was then part of Virginia (now in West Virginia), Jackson received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point and graduated in the class of 1846. He served in the U.S. Army during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848 and distinguished himself at Chapultepec. From 1851 to 1861, he taught at the Virginia Military Institute, where he was unpopular with his students. When Virginia seceded from the Union in May 1861 after the attack on Fort Sumter, Jackson joined the Confederate Army. He distinguished himself commanding a brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run in July, providing crucial reinforcements and beating back a fierce Union assault. Thus Barnard Elliott Bee Jr. compared him to a “stone wall”, which became his enduring nickname. He performed exceptionally well in the campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley in 1862. Despite an initial defeat due largely to faulty intelligence, through swift and careful maneuvers Jackson was able to defeat three separate Union armies and prevent them from reinforcing General George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac in its campaign against Richmond. Jackson then quickly moved his three divisions to reinforce General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia in defense of Richmond. He performed poorly in the Seven Days Battles against McClellan’s Army of the Potomac, as he was frequently late arriving on the field. During the Northern Virginia Campaign that summer, Jackson’s troops captured and destroyed an important supply depot for General John Pope‘s Army of Virginia, and then withstood repeated assaults from Pope’s troops at the Second Battle of Bull Run. Jackson’s troops played a prominent role in September’s Maryland Campaign, capturing the town of Harpers Ferry, a strategic location, and providing a defense of the Confederate Army’s left at Antietam. At Fredericksburg in December, Jackson’s corps buckled, but ultimately beat back an assault by the Union Army under Major General Ambrose Burnside. In late April and early May 1863, faced with a larger Union army now commanded by Joseph Hooker at Chancellorsville, Lee divided his force into three parts. On May 2, Jackson launched a surprise attack against the Union right flank, driving the opposing troops back about two miles. That evening, he was accidentally shot by Confederate pickets. He lost his left arm to amputation; weakened by his wounds, he died of pneumonia eight days later. His death proved a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and the general public. VG. $200

CWCDV1603. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 – October 31, 1879) was a Civil War general for the Union, chiefly remembered for his decisive defeat by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863. Hooker had served in the Seminole Wars and the Mexican–American War, receiving three brevet promotions, before resigning from the Army. At the start of the Civil War, he joined the Union side as a brigadier general, distinguishing himself at Williamsburg, Antietam and Fredericksburg, after which he was given command of the Army of the Potomac. His ambitious plan for Chancellorsville was thwarted by Lee’s bold move in dividing his army and routing a Union corps, as well as by mistakes on the part of Hooker’s subordinate generals and his own loss of nerve. The defeat handed Lee the initiative, which allowed him to travel north to Gettysburg. Hooker was kept in command, but when General Halleck and Lincoln declined his request for reinforcements, he resigned. George G. Meade was appointed to command the Army of the Potomac three days before Gettysburg. Hooker returned to combat in November 1863, helping to relieve the besieged Union Army at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and continuing in the Western Theater under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, but departed in protest before the end of the Atlanta Campaign when he was passed over for promotion. Hooker became known as “Fighting Joe” following a journalist’s clerical error, and the nickname stuck. His personal reputation was as a hard-drinking ladies’ man, and his headquarters were known for parties and gambling. VG. $150

CWCDV1604. J. Carbutt, Chicago. Major Gen. U.S. Grant. Carbutt’s 1864 copyright line bottom recto. VG. $250

CWCDV1605. No photographer ID. U.S. Grant.G. $100

CWCDV1606. Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Gen. Winfield Scott. VG. $100

CWCDV1607. E. Anthony. General Beauregard. VG. $150

CWCDV1608. C.D. Fredricks & Co., NY. General George Meade. VG. $100

CWCAB37. Fine and unique Civil War pair of items regarding General William Woods Averell. The first item is a Cabinet Card of Averell later in life by Broadbent & Phillips, Philadelphia. The second item is a greeting to “Gen. Averell, A happy New Year to you & yours,” written in pen by Gen’l Fitz John Porter on one of his cards with his address printed as “68 West 68th Street.” The card measures 1.75″ x 3.25.” William Woods Averell (November 5, 1832 – February 3, 1900) was a career US Army officer and a cavalry general in the Civil War. He was the only Union general to achieve a major victory against the Confederates in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 prior to the arrival of Philip Sheridan, at the Battle of Rutherford’s (Carter’s) Farm and at the Battle of Moorefield. After the war, Averell was appointed by President Andrew Johnson as a diplomat to British North America, serving 1866 to 1869. Also an entrepreneur and inventor with interests in the coal, steel and related infrastructure industry, Averell became wealthy by inventing an improved technique for laying asphalt pavement. He co-wrote a history of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, Sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers during the Civil War years; it was published in 1905. He wrote a memoir of his Army years from 1851-1862 but did not publish it and the manuscript was lost for a time. It was discovered in the late 20th century and published in an annotated edition in 1978. VG. $175

CWCDV1609. CDV of J.T. Pancoast, member of the Maryland Sanitary Committee by Woods, Baltimore. Comes with a transcribed letter to the Danville Intelligencer, Aug. 9, 1861, from Capt. Manly of the Montour Rifles, Co. E, 6th PA while at Camp Rickets, Wash, DC referring to a rifle accident while marching through Baltimore and that the man who was shot was taken to the home of Pancost [sic] who lived opposite where the accident occurred. The man’s leg was amputated in his home. This comes from the collection of Gil Barrett.  (binder) VG. $150

CWCDV1610. McPherson & Oliver, New Orleans. CDV of the USS Hartford’s gun deck. Oct. 1, 1864 copyright date bottom recto. (binder) G. $350

CWCDV1612. Fischer & Bro., Baltimore, MD. CDV from the Gil Barrett Collection. 2-cent uncancelled tax stamp on verso. Civil War buddies, 2 in uniform, one in civilian dress. Fanciful pose. VG. $450

CWCDV1614. CDV by Gray’s Gallery, Oswego, NY of William C. Raulston. Enlisted on 8/24/1861 at Oswego, NY as a Captain. On 9/14/1861 he was commissioned into “A” Co. NY 81st Infantry. He was discharged on 9/6/1863. On 1/27/1864 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 24th Cavalry. He died of wounds on 12/15/1864. He was listed as: Confined Danville, VA (date not stated); Confined Libby Prison, Richmond, VA (date not stated); Wounded 6/18/1864 Petersburg, VA; POW 9/30/1864, Poplar Grove Church, VA; Wounded 12/10/1864 Sussex Court House, VA (While attempting to escape from Danville). He died from these wounds 5 days later. Promotions: Major 5/31/1862; Lt Colonel 7/7/1862; Colonel 1/27/1864 (As of 24th NY Cavalry); Intra Regimental Company Transfers: 6/20/1862 from company A to Field & Staff. VG. $475

CWCDV1615. D. Bachrach, Baltimore, MD. Convalescent soldier at St. John’s College Hospital, Baltimore, MD. He has a 5th Corps badge on jacket. This is a rare back paper label. CDV is from the Mike McAfee Collection. VG. $325

CWCDV1620. Knight’s Gallery, Buffalo. Col. James M. Brown. Enlisted 5/28/61 at Jamestown, NY as a Captain. On 6/20/61 he was commissioned into B Co., NY 72nd Inf. He was discharged for promotion on 11/5/61. On 1/10/62 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 100th Inf. He was killed on 5/31/62 at Fair Oaks, VA. (binder) G. $325

CWCDV1621. The soldier is an unidentified member of the 2nd NYS Militia Regiment, 1861 (82 NY Vols.). On the bottom recto is written “Liberty or Death.” On the top verso is written “Death to all Traitors.” These are original inscriptions, undoubtedly by the hand of the soldier. On back is the collector mark of William (Bill) Gladstone, the walking “B” symbol. In addition, this CDV comes from the collection of the late Mike McAfee. G. (binder)  $250

CWCDV1622. Brady & Co.’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, Washington DC and NY. Walter Case Newberry. Enlisted 10/19/1861 at Waterville, NY as a 1st Lt. On 11/4/1861 he was commissioned into E Co. NY 81 Inf. ON 1/10/1864 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 24th Cavalry. He mustered out on 6/24/1865 at Cloud’s Mills, VA. He was listed as: WIA 6/18/64 Petersburg, VA; WIA 7/30/64 Petersburg, VA; WIA 3/30/65 place not stated. Promotions: Capt. 6/1/62; Major 1/10/64; Lt. Col. 2/6/64; Col. 12/15/64; Brig-Gen’l 3/31/65 by Brevet. Born 12/23/1835 in Waterville, Oneida County, NY; died 7/20/1912 in Chicago, IL. G. (binder) $275

CWCDV1623. Richard Walzl’s Gallery of Photography, Baltimore, Md. Unidentified officer with two areas of his hair spiked up like horns. His hand rests on the hilt of his sword, ready for action. On bottom recto is written “As is Sep. 20th 1862.” Written on pencil by unknown past owner is “came w/Bogert image, probably 6th NY HA.” This image comes from the collection of Gil Barrett. VG. $250

CWCDV1624. R.W. Addis, Washington, DC. Daniel Adams Butterfield. Enlisted 4/19/61 at NYC as a Colonel. On 5/2/61 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 12th Inf.. He mustered out on 8/5/61 at NYC. On 9/7/61 he was commissioned into US Volunteers General Staff. Mustered out on 8/24/65. Subsequent service in US Army until 3/14/70. He was listed as: Detailed 7/14/61 Martinsburg, WV (Det., Brig-Gnl, 8th Brgd). Promotions: Brig-General 9/7/61; Maj-Gen 11/29/62; Brig-Gen’l 3/13/65 by brevet; Major-Gen 3/13/65 by brevet. Born 10.31.31 in Utica, NY; died 7/17/1901 in Cold Spring, NY. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on 6/27/62 at Gaines’ Mill, VA (Gallant conduct and able leadership). WIA in battles incidental to the retreat of McClellan’s army to Harrison’s Landing. WIA at Gettysburg, PA. VG. (binder) $250

CWCDV1625. J. Gurney & Son, NY. Henry Patchen Martin. Enlisted 4/19/61 at NYC as a Lt. Col. On 5/3/61 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 71st Inf. He mustered out on 7/31/61 at NYC. On 5/28/62 he was commissoned into Field & Staff NY 71st Inf. He mustered out 9/2/62 at NYC. Promotions: Col. 6/3/61. Fair. $125

CWCDV1626. Calvin Nicholas Otis. Enlisted 10/14/61 at Buffalo, NY as a Major. On 1/10/62 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 100th Inf. He was discharged on 6/20/63/ Promotions: Lt. Col. 10/21/62; Col. 3/13/65 by brevet; Brig-Gen’l 3/13/65 by brevet. Born 6/23/1814 in Spafford, Onondaga County, NY; died 1/22/1883 in Cuba, NY.  G. $150

CWCDV1627. S.J. Thompson & Co., Albany, NY. William A. Jackson. Enlisted 5/14/61 at Albany, NY as a Col. on 5/17/61 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 18th Inf. He died of disease on 11/11/61 at Washington, DC. VG. $150

CWCDV1628. Benjamin Baltozer. There are two entried in the Civil War DB of men with this name and my guess they are likely the same man. First entry: Enlisted 8/8/62 at Loysville, PA as a Private. On 8/13/62 he mustered into H Co. PA 133rd Inf. He mustered out on 5/25/63. Member of GAR Post #415 (Col. H.I Zinn) in Mechanicsburg, PA. Second entry: Enlisted 2/264 at Harrisburg, PA as a Private. On 2/2/64 he mustered into D Co. PA 47th Inf. He was mustered out on 12/25/65 at Charleston, SC. G. $150

CWCDV1630. R.W. Addis, Washington, DC. On bottom recto is written “????? G.T.S. Schultze.” On verso is written “Maj. Gen. S. Schultze, my Adft Gen in Pennsylvania D.N.C.” This last was written by General Darius Nash Couch. I found a letter written April 15, 1865 from Assistant Adjutant General S. Schultz to Lt. Col. Louis Wagner indicating that a proposed Civil War victory parade in Philadelphia would not take place on Monday, the 17th due to the assassination of President Lincoln. A copy of the letter and transcript is included with this CDV. VG. (binder) $300

CWCDV1631. Brady, Washington, DC. On back is written “Sgt. Henry E. Lewis Co. G, 6th United States Cavalry.” I have not been able to identify this soldier except by the writing on verso. Image is from the Mike McAfee Collection. VG. $175

CWCDV1632. U.S. General Hospital, Div. No. 1, Annapolis, Md. Unidentified soldier likely recuperating from his wounds. Rare backmark. VG. $200

CWCDV1633. Signed on verso “Yours truly Philip J. Ruch.” Enlisted 2/24/64 as a Private. on 2/24/64 he transferred to Co. E, IL 8th Inf. He was mustered out on 5/4/66 at Baton Rouge, LA. Promtions: Corpl. He also had service in IL 17th Inf. G. $225

CWCDV1636. O. Pierre Havens, Sing Sing, NY. Signed on verso “Chellis Swain, Adjt, 1st Lt. Cav.” Chellis D. Swain. Enlisted 8/17/62 as a 2nd Lt. Commissioned into B Co. NY 11th Cav. Discharged on 3/7/64. Promotions: 2nd Lt 8/17/62 by brevet; 2nd Lt. 9/1/62 (As of Co. K); 1st Lt. 11/1/62 (1st Lt. & Adjt). Appears to have returned to service: Enlisted 3/27/65 at NYC as a 1st Lt. On 3/27/65 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 26th Cav. He mustered out on 7/7/65 at Albany, NY. Promotions: 1st Lt. 3/23/65 (1st Lt. & Adjt). G. (binder) $175

CWCDV1637. Signed on verso “Yours Muchly J.S. Bouden.” James S. Bouden. Enlisted 10/15/62 at Wilmington, DE as a Private. On 10/15/62 he mustered in to D Co., DE 6th Inf. 2-cent cancelled tax stamp on verso. Tinted. G. $200

CWCDV1638. Manchester Bros., Providence, R.I. Unidentified cavalry officer. G. $150

CWCDV1640. Whitehurst Gallery, Washington, DC. Major General Israel Bush Richardson. Israel Bush Richardson (December 26, 1815 – November 3, 1862) was a US Army officer during the Mexican-American War and Civil War, where he was a major general in the Union Army. Nicknamed “Fighting Dick” for his prowess on the battlefield, he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam near Sharpsburg, Maryland. Richardson was born in Fairfax, Vermont. He was reportedly a descendant of famed American Revolutionary War general Israel Putnam. He was appointed from Vermont to the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. He graduated 38th out of 58 cadets in the Class of 1841. He was one of 23 classmates that would become generals during the Civil War. After some routine assignments, Richardson served as a second lieutenant in the Second Seminole War in Florida. He received two brevets for meritorious service during the Mexican-American War; to captain and major for the actions at Contreras, Churubusco, and Chapultepec. It was in Mexico while serving under General Winfield Scott in the Army of Occupation that he received his nickname, “Fighting Dick,” which would carry over to the Civil War. He later served as a captain in the 3rd U.S. Infantry (a rank he achieved in 1851) at various frontier outposts, but resigned his commission in 1855 and began farming near Pontiac, Michigan. When the Civil War broke out, Richardson was still farming in Michigan. He enlisted in the Union Army and recruited and organized the 2nd Michigan Infantry. He married Fannie Travor on May 18, 1861, in Wayne County, Michigan. When he reported with his regiment in Washington, D.C., General Winfield Scott greeted him with “I’m glad to have my ‘Fighting Dick’ with me again.” Promoted to brigadier general of volunteers in late spring; dating from May 17, 1861, Richardson was assigned command of the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, in the newly organized army of Irvin McDowell. His brigade saw limited action at the First Battle of Bull Run near Blackburn’s Ford, and in covering the subsequent Federal withdrawal to Washington. He commanded several brigades in the Army of the Potomac and then the 1st Division of the II Corps during the Peninsula Campaign in mid-1862. He was involved in the fighting at the battles of Yorktown, Seven Pines, and the Seven Days. He was particularly distinguished in sharp fighting near the Chickahominy River. Following the campaign, he was promoted to major general on July 4, 1862. He led his troops during the Northern Virginia Campaign, fighting at the Second Battle of Bull Run, and again during the Maryland Campaign in September, when he was engaged at South Mountain. Richardson’s 1st Division played a key role during the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, attacking Confederate positions in the center of the Sunken Road in support of the 3rd Division of Maj. Gen. William H. French. After stubborn fighting, by 1:00 p.m., Richardson had gained control of the high ground in front of the apex of the defensive line, and his men enfiladed the remaining defenders in the road, which would gain the nickname “Bloody Lane” for the carnage. Richardson pushed forward beyond the road and was directing the fire of his artillery and organizing another attack when he was struck by a shell fragment. Carried to the rear, Richardson was treated at a field hospital. His wound was not considered life threatening, and he was given a room in McClellan’s headquarters, the Pry House. President Abraham Lincoln paid his respects to the wounded Richardson during a visit to the battlefield in October. However, infection set in, and then pneumonia, which claimed the life of the popular general in early November. He was among six generals to be killed or mortally wounded at Antietam. His body was escorted to Detroit, Michigan. Large crowds lined the streets during his funeral procession to nearby Pontiac, where he was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery. Fort Richardson, a Texas frontier fort active from 1867 to 1878, was named for him. The Israel B. Richardson Camp #2 of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War in Oakland, Michigan, was also named for the fallen general. VG. $275

CWCDV1641. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Erasmus Darwin Keyes (May 29, 1810 – October 14, 1895) was a businessman, banker, and military general, noted for leading the IV Corps of the Union Army of the Potomac during the first half of the Civil War. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Keyes was promoted to colonel of the 11th U.S. Infantry Regiment on May 14, 1861. He then served briefly on the staff of New York Governor Edwin D. Morgan until June 25, 1861, overseeing that state’s raising of militia. At the First Battle of Bull Run, Keyes commanded the 1st Brigade, 1st Division (Tyler), and then led Keyes’s Brigade, before assuming command of a division from November 9, 1861, to March 13, 1862. In August 1861 he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general of volunteers with date of rank of May 17, 1861, the third-ranking brigadier general in the Army. On March 14, 1862, President Lincoln issued an order forming the Army of the Potomac into corps, Keyes receiving command of the new IV Corps. When Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign against Richmond was organized in the spring of 1862, Keyes led in unexceptional fashion. Keyes saw action at Lee’s Mill, Yorktown, Bottom’s Bridge, Savage’s Station, Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), Charles City Cross Roads, Malvern Hill, and Harrison’s Landing. For gallantry at Fair Oaks, Keyes received the brevet of brigadier general in the regular army. After the Seven Days Battles, McClellan promoted all his corps and division commanders to the rank of major general, aside from Keyes, who did not receive a promotion and remained a brigadier general. When the army returned to Washington D.C. in early August, Keyes and one of the two IV Corps divisions were permanently left behind on the Peninsula as part of General John Adams Dix’s Department of the James. On March 12, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln nominated Keyes for promotion to the grade of major general, U.S. Volunteers, to rank from May 5, 1862, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on March 13, 1863. In addition to the IV Corps, he commanded the Yorktown District, VII Corps, and the division at Suffolk. Among Keyes’s other actions were the raid to White House, Virginia, on January 7, 1863, and the expedition to West Point, Virginia, on May 7, 1863. During the Gettysburg Campaign in 1863, Keyes fell afoul of General John Adams Dix’s strategic plan to demonstrate heavily against Richmond in order to divert Confederate reinforcements from General Robert E. Lee’s army in Pennsylvania. Keyes retreated from a position near what is now Talleysville, Virginia, in the face of what Dix deemed to be inferior forces, so Dix had Keyes removed from command. Although Keyes asked for an investigation of the charges that led to his removal, the request was never granted. He then served on various boards and commissions, including the board for retiring disabled officers from July 15, 1863, until his resignation and retirement from the army on May 6, 1864. VG. $225

CWCDV1642. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Ambrose Everett Burnside (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881) was an American army officer and politician who became a senior Union general in the Civil War and three times Governor of Rhode Island, as well as being a successful inventor and industrialist. He was responsible for some of the earliest victories in the Eastern theater, but was then promoted above his abilities, and is mainly remembered for two disastrous defeats, at Fredericksburg and the Battle of the Crater (Petersburg). Although an inquiry cleared him of blame in the latter case, he never regained credibility as an army commander. Burnside was a modest and unassuming individual, mindful of his limitations, who had been propelled to high command against his will. He could be described as a genuinely unlucky man, both in battle and in business, where he was robbed of the rights to a successful cavalry firearm that had been his own invention. His spectacular growth of whiskers became known as “sideburns,” deriving from the two parts of his surname. VG. $145

CWCDV1643. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Daniel Edgar Sickles (October 20, 1819 – May 3, 1914) was an American politician, soldier, and diplomat. Born to a wealthy family in New York City, Sickles was involved in a number of scandals, most notably the 1859 homicide of his wife’s lover, U.S. Attorney Philip Barton Key II, whom Sickles gunned down in broad daylight in Lafayette Square, across the street from the White House. He was acquitted after using temporary insanity as a legal defense for the first time in United States history. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Sickles became one of the war’s most prominent political generals, recruiting the New York regiments that became known as the Excelsior Brigade in the Army of the Potomac. Despite his lack of military experience, he served as a brigade, division, and corps commander in some of the early Eastern campaigns. His military career ended at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, after he moved his III Corps without orders to an untenable position, where they suffered 40% casualties but slowed General James Longstreet‘s flanking maneuver. Sickles himself was wounded by cannon fire at Gettysburg and had to have his leg amputated. He was eventually awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions. Sickles devoted considerable effort to trying to gain credit for helping achieve the Union victory at Gettysburg, writing articles and testifying before Congress in a manner that denigrated the intentions and actions of his superior officer, Maj. Gen. George Meade. After the war, Sickles was appointed as a commander for military districts in the South during Reconstruction. He also served as U.S. Minister to Spain under President Ulysses S. Grant. Later he was re-elected to Congress, where he helped pass legislation to preserve the Gettysburg Battlefield. 2-cent cancelled tax stamp on verso (Oct. 24 1864). Bottom of carte is trimmed o/w VG. $250

CWCDV1644. E&HT Anthony. Simon Bolivar Buckner Sr. (April 1, 1823 – January 8, 1914) graduated from the US Military Academy with the class of 1844.  He served during the Mexican-American War, during which he fought at the battles of Churubusco, where he was wounded, as well as Contreras and Molino del Rey.  After the war, he briefly taught at West Point, and served in the west before resigning from the military in 1855. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Buckner was the adjutant general of the Kentucky State Guard, and after declining a commission of brigadier general in the Union Army, accepted a commission of brigadier general in the Confederate Army on September 14, 1861.  After joining the army, Buckner was sent by General Albert Sidney Johnston to be one of the brigadier generals in charge of defending Fort Donelson, an important fortification built along the Cumberland River.  Forces under General Ulysses S. Grant were able to force Buckner and several other generals in the fort to accept an “unconditional surrender” that helped bring fame to Grant.  Buckner was imprisoned until August 15, 1862, when he was exchanged for Union general George A. McCall.  After his release from prison, he returned to the Confederate Army where he served under General Braxton Bragg at the Battle of Perryville, and helped fortify Mobile, Alabama until April of 1863.  He was then transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and directed an infantry corps at the Battle of Chickamauga, and then under General James Longstreet during the Siege of Knoxville.  On September 20, 1864, he was promoted to lieutenant general, and became the Chief of Staff under General Kirby Smith, until the army surrendered in 1865. VG. $250

CWCDV1645. Gideon Johnson Pillow (June 8, 1806 – October 8, 1878) was an American lawyer, politician, speculator, slaveowner, United States Army major general of volunteers during the Mexican–American War and Confederate brigadier general in the Civil War. Before his military career, Pillow practiced law and was active in Democratic Party politics. He was a floor leader in support of the nomination of fellow-Tennessean James K. Polk at the 1844 Democratic National Convention. In 1847, Pillow was commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers to serve in the Mexican–American War, and was later promoted to major general. He performed reasonably well, and was wounded that year at Cerro Gordo and Chapultepec. However, controversy arose when, in a series of letters, Pillow tried to take what was perceived by some as undue credit for American victories at the expense of his commander, Major General Winfield Scott. Pillow was court-martialed for insubordination, but with President Polk’s assistance, the court-martial was reduced to a court of inquiry, which in 1848 exonerated Pillow. After the war, Pillow served as a delegate to the Nashville Convention of 1850, where he supported compromise. He remained active in supporting the Democratic Party. At the start of the Civil War in 1861, Pillow supported secession, and was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate Army in July. Pillow received the thanks of the Confederate Congress for driving off the Union force at the Battle of Belmont, Missouri. Pillow controversially failed to exploit a temporary breakthrough of Union lines by his troops which might have allowed the Confederate garrison of Fort Donelson to escape at the Battle of Fort Donelson on February 15, 1862. The next night, before the surrender of the fort, Brigadier General John B. Floyd passed overall command of the fort to Pillow, who in turn passed it to Brigadier General Simon Buckner. Floyd and Pillow managed to personally escape with a few aides before Buckner surrendered the remaining garrison to the Union Army of Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant. These actions sent his military career and reputation into decline. Pillow commanded a brigade at the Battle of Stones River in 1863, where he performed poorly, and was among the few generals in the army to praise the leadership of commanding General Braxton Bragg. Removed from combat duty, he worked mainly in recruiting assignments through the remainder of the war. Bankrupt after the war, Pillow recovered financially and resumed a successful legal career. He died near Helena, Arkansas in 1878; initially buried in Helena, Pillow was later reinterred at Elmwood Cemetery in Memphis. Chip of bottom left corner. G. $200

CWCDV1648. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&H Anthony. Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 – February 9, 1886) was a United States Army officer and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880. He served with distinction in the Army for four decades, including service in the Mexican–American War and as a Union general in the Civil War. Known to his Army colleagues as “Hancock the Superb,” he was noted in particular for his personal leadership at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. His military service continued after the Civil War, as Hancock participated in the military Reconstruction of the South and the Army’s presence at the Western frontier. Hancock’s reputation as a war hero at Gettysburg, combined with his status as a Unionist and supporter of states’ rights, made him a potential presidential candidate. When the Democrats nominated him for President in 1880, he ran a strong campaign, but was narrowly defeated by Republican James A. Garfield. Hancock’s last public service involved the oversight of President Ulysses S. Grant’s funeral procession in 1885. 2-cent cancelled tax stamp on verso. VG. $250

CWCDV1649. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys (November 2, 1810 – December 27, 1883), was a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, and a Union General in the  Civil War. He served in senior positions in the Army of the Potomac, including division command, chief of staff, and corps command, and was Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army. Humphreys can be seen second from right in the well-know image of Abraham Lincoln visiting with McClellan after the Battle of Antietam. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1831.  After graduation, he participated in the Seminole Wars and spent much of his military career with the Corps of Topographical Engineers surveying the Mississippi Delta. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Humphreys became an aide to General George B. McClellan.  In April of 1862, Humphreys was promoted to brigadier general and served as chief topographical engineer in the Army of the Potomac throughout the Peninsula Campaign.  In September of 1862, Humphreys took command of a division in the V Corps, which he led during the Battle of Antietam, as well as at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.  He was then transferred to a division in the III Corps, under General Daniel E. Sickles, and led his division during the Battle of Gettysburg.  On the second day of the battle, Humphreys did all he could to resists assaults from Confederate generals John B. Hood and Layfayette McLaws after receiving an ill-advised order from Sickles to move his troops.  Following the Battle of Gettysburg, Humphreys became General Meade’s chief of staff, and served in the position until he was selected by General Ulysses S. Grant to replace General Winfield S. Hancock as commander of the II Corps.  He commanded the division through the Bristoe and Mine Run campaigns, as well as during the Overland Campaign and during the Siege of Petersburg.  He continued his command until the surrender at Appomattox Court House. Trimmed at bottom o/w VG. $200

CWCDV1650. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Joseph King Fenno Mansfield (Dec. 22/03-9/18/62). Joseph King Fenno Mansfield was one of the oldest officers on the field at age 59. Born in New Haven, Connecticut, Mansfield graduated from West Point in 1822. A professional soldier, he served in the Army for forty years, including service in the Mexican War. Just two days before the battle of Antietam, he was given command of the XII Corps. Maj. Gen. Mansfield led his men through the East Woods towards the Cornfield in support of I Corps already in action. Wounded in the chest he died the next day. There is a monument and a mortuary cannon on the battlefield for Maj. Gen. Mansfield. Mansfield graduated from West Point in 1822, standing second in a class of forty. He was assigned to the Corps of Engineers and for the next three years planned fortifications for the defense of the harbors and cities on the East Coast. In 1832 he was promoted to 1st lieutenant and in 1838 to captain. Mansfield served in the Mexican War as chief engineer under Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor. During the war Mansfield received brevets of major and lieutenant colonel for gallant and meritorious conduct. He was appointed inspector general of the U.S. Army in 1853 with the rank of colonel and at the beginning of the Civil War was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers and placed in command of the Department of Washington and the city of Washington. Mansfield was in command of Newport News in late 1861 and was engaged in the capture of Norfolk and Suffolk, Virginia, the following spring. On 18 July he was promoted to major general of volunteers. During the Maryland Campaign in September Mansfield was assigned command of Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks’ XII Corps after Banks was detailed to duty in Washington. Mansfield had been in command only three days when at the Battle of Antietam he was mortally wounded while mistakenly riding between the opposing lines. He died the following morning. VG. $300

CWCDV1651. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. David Bell Birney (May 29, 1825 – October 18, 1864) was a businessman, lawyer, and a Union general in the American Civil War. Birney entered the Union army just after Fort Sumter as lieutenant colonel of the 23rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, a unit he raised largely at his own expense. Just prior to the war he had been studying military texts in preparation for such a role. He was promoted to colonel on August 31, 1861, and to brigadier general on February 17, 1862, clearly benefiting from political influences, not military merit. He commanded a brigade in Brig. Gen. Philip Kearny’s division of the III Corps, which he led through the Peninsula Campaign. At the Battle of Seven Pines he was accused of disobeying an order from his corps commander, Maj. Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman, allegedly for “halting his command a mile from the enemy.” But this was simply a matter of orders misunderstood. Birney was court-martialed, but with strong positive testimony from Kearny, he was acquitted and restored to command. Birney then led his brigade in the Seven Days Battles, primarily at Glendale. He fought at the Second Battle of Bull Run in support of Maj. Gen. John Pope’s Army of Virginia, and at the Battle of Chantilly immediately following. When Kearny was killed in that battle, Birney took over command of his division. Stationed in Washington, D.C., he missed the Battle of Antietam, but his division returned to the Army of the Potomac to fight at Fredericksburg. There, he once again encountered military discipline problems, this time for allegedly refusing to support Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s division’s attack on the left flank of the Union line. However, he was complimented in III Corps commander Maj. Gen. George Stoneman’s official report for “the handsome manner in which he handled his division” on that same day and for a second time he escaped punishment. Birney led his division in heavy fighting at Chancellorsville, where they suffered more casualties (1,607) than any other division in the army. As a result of his distinguished service at Chancellorsville, he was promoted to major general on May 20, 1863. At the Battle of Gettysburg, III Corps commander Daniel Sickles pulled his troops out of line, creating an isolated, exposed salient in the Union line. The Confederate divisions of John B. Hood and Lafayette McLaws slammed into the III Corps, and Birney’s division, hit on three sides, was completely demolished in the fighting with severe casualties. As Birney watched the few survivors of his division gather about him on Cemetery Ridge, he whispered to one of his officers, “I wish I were already dead.” Sickles had his leg shattered by an artillery shell and Birney assumed temporary command of the corps, despite having received two minor wounds himself. Birney was in temporary command of the III Corps for a few days after Gettysburg, when the more senior General William H. French was named permanent commander. French quickly gained notoriety for his inept handling of the III Corps, and unlike Birney, he was an outsider to the corps and unpopular with the soldiers. Birney started in the Overland Campaign as a division commander in the II Corps, his III Corps having been reorganized out of existence that spring. After good service in the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House (where he was wounded by a shell fragment), and Cold Harbor battles, on July 23, 1864, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant gave Birney command of the X Corps in the Army of the James. During the Siege of Petersburg, Birney became ill with diarrhea. At first, this was a minor complaint and he was able to remain in command, but in September his health started to get worse. However, Birney was reluctant to take a leave of absence and so tried to remain on duty. On October 7, he was so sick that he had to be transported in an ambulance. The corps medical director requested that Birney be sent home at once, and he was taken to Philadelphia, where he became delirious. The doctors diagnosed his condition as typhomalaria, and he died on October 18 after experiencing uncontrollable gastrointestinal bleeding. The exact cause of Birney’s death has been speculated to be typhoid fever. He was buried in Woodlands Cemetery. His older brother, William, was also a Union general. Trimmed at bottom o/w VG. $200

CWCDV1652. John Goldin & Co., Washington, DC. Horatio Gouverneur Wright (March 6, 1820 – July 2, 1899) was an engineer and general in the Union Army during the Civil War. He took command of the VI Corps in May 1864 following the death of General John Sedgwick. In this capacity, he was responsible for building the fortifications around Washington DC, and in the Overland Campaign he commanded the first troops to break through the Confederate defenses at Petersburg. After the war, he was involved in a number of engineering projects, including the Brooklyn Bridge and the completion of the Washington Monument, and served as Chief of Engineers for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. VG. $250

CWCDV1654. Hall & Judkins, near Headquarters. 24th Army Corps. 5-cent cancelled tax stamp on verso. Unidentified soldier. Fine backmark, uncommon tax stamp for a cdv. VG. $150

CWCDV1657. Marken’s Gallery, Frederick, MD. Unidentified 1st Lt. VG. $125

CWCDV1658. Fassett’s Gallery, Chicago, IL. Unidentified officer. G. $100

CWCDV1659. Written bottom recto “G.? Baltazer?” I’m not sure of the name written there. G. $75

CWCDV1660. J.W. Black, Boston. Unidentified officer. G-. $75

CWCDV1661. E.C. Swain. Unidentified sergeant. VG. $95

CWCDV1662. Written on verso “Le Baron Prince.” Trimmed at bottom. Fair. $50

CWCDV1665. Bogardus, NY. Unidentified soldier, holding on to an American flag on the table by his side. VG. $125

CWCDV1669. Brady’s National Photographic Gallery, NY. General William Buel Franklin. VG $125

CWCDV1670. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Gallery, NY. General and California Governor George Stoneman.

George Stoneman Jr. (August 8, 1822 – September 5, 1894) was a US Army cavalry officer and politician who served as the fifteenth Governor of California from 1883 to 1887. He was trained at West Point, where his roommate was Stonewall Jackson, and graduated in 1846. Stoneman served in the Army for thirty-six years, though he was relieved of command in 1871. During this time, he was involved in multiple conflicts, including the Mexican–American War, where he did not see any combat, the Yuma War, and the Civil War. In 1861, Stoneman was promoted to Brigadier General, and was later put in command of the Army of the Potomac’s 3rd Infantry Corps, and subsequently the newly-created cavalry corps.

At the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863, under the command of Joseph Hooker, Stoneman failed in an ambitious attempt to penetrate behind enemy lines, getting bogged down at an important river crossing. Hooker placed much of the blame for the Union army’s defeat on Stoneman. His sharp criticism may have been in part intended to deflect blame placed on himself for the North’s defeat.

While commanding cavalry under William Tecumseh Sherman in Georgia, Stoneman was captured, but soon exchanged. During the early years after the Civil War, Stoneman commanded occupying troops at Memphis, Tennessee, who were stationed at Fort Pickering. He had turned over control of law enforcement to the civilian government by May 1866, when the Memphis riots broke out and the major black neighborhoods were destroyed. When the city asked for help, he suppressed the white rioting with use of federal troops. He later moved out to California, where he had an estate in the San Gabriel Valley. He was elected as governor of California, serving between 1883 and 1887. He was not nominated a second time. VG. $225

CWCDV1671. J.W. Black, Boston. 3 officers of the 54th MA Infantry Regiment.

 The 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the Civil War. The unit was the second African-American regiment, following the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment, organized in the northern states during the Civil War. Authorized by the Emancipation Proclamation, the regiment consisted of African-American enlisted men commanded by white officers.
The unit began recruiting in February 1863 and trained at Camp Meigs on the outskirts of Boston, Massachusetts. Prominent abolitionists were active in recruitment efforts, including Frederick Douglass, whose two sons were among the first to enlist. Massachusetts Governor John Albion Andrew, who had long pressured the U.S. Department of War to begin recruiting African-Americans, placed a high priority on the formation of the 54th Massachusetts. Andrew appointed Robert Gould Shaw, the son of Boston abolitionists, to command the regiment as Colonel. The free black community in Boston was also instrumental in recruiting efforts, utilizing networks reaching beyond Massachusetts and even into the southern states to attract soldiers and fill out the ranks. After its departure from Massachusetts on May 28, 1863, the 54th Massachusetts was shipped to Beaufort, South Carolina and became part of the X Corps commanded by Major General David Hunter.
During its service with the X Corps, the 54th Massachusetts took part in operations against Charleston, South Carolina, including the Battle of Grimball’s Landing on July 16, 1863, and the more famous Second Battle of Fort Wagner on July 18, 1863. During the latter engagement, the 54th Massachusetts, with other Union regiments, executed a frontal assault against Fort Wagner and suffered casualties of 20 killed, 125 wounded, and 102 missing (primarily presumed dead)—roughly 40 percent of the unit’s numbers at that time. Col. Robert G. Shaw was killed on the parapet of Fort Wagner. In 1864, as part of the Union Army’s Department of Florida, the 54th Massachusetts took part in the Battle of Olustee.
The service of the 54th Massachusetts, particularly their charge at Fort Wagner, soon became one of the most famous episodes of the war, interpreted through artwork, poetry and song. More recently, the 54th Massachusetts gained prominence in popular culture through the film Glory. VG. $350