Henry Brown, Santa Fe, N.M. Gajumpe, The Last Governor of the Old Pecos Pueblo, No. 392. VG. $600

[Charles M. Bell]. Semeo, also known as Umatilla Jim (Warm Springs Indian) wearing large shell earrings. The image is marked in the negative, “Semeo, or Umatilla Jim Warm Springs.” Image is on a Department of the Interior U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories mount. F.V. Hayden in charge. This portrait was taken during a delegation trip to Washington, DC in 1875 when a group of Warm Springs and Wasco Indians came to DC after the Modoc War. This image is #1057 in Jackson’s 1877 catalog. VG. $650

Jackson Bros., Omaha. CDV of 5 Indians; man at left is in non-native dress. On back in pencil is written “The Family.” At bottom on verso is stamped “Otoe.” G. $450

W. Cal. Brown, Albuquerque, NM., Official Photographer, A. & P. R. R. Co. 5. New Years Dance at Isleta. Fair. $375

Chas. Weitfle, Central City, Colo., and Cheyenne, Wyo. A strange Native American Cabinet Card. There is a number “5” at the left. The original of this image may be by Hook. VG. $1200

M.B. Brady, Wash., D.C. Yuma Indian Runners. The Chief & Mr. L.J.F. Iaeger. Very interesting cabinet card in that this is a re-photographing of a cabinet card made by Thomas Houseworth, San Francisco, Cal. It is clearly a vintage piece made in the 19th century and it reveals that Brady’s studio engaged in producing such second-generation images. No effort has been made to cover the information of the original photographer and it is possible that this was a legitimate business arrangement between the two firms.  G. $600

No ID. John Middle Sky and Jim Polhamus. John Middle Sky was a native American Indian who first came into the news in 1905 when he challenged the then heavyweight boxing world champion James Jeffries. To pay for the training lessons he exhibited himself as a giant (7 feet tall) with Austin & Stone’s museum. The match with Jeffries (nor any other boxer) never happened and John Middle Sky disappeared out of the news until 1910, when he made headlines challenging the then World Champion heavyweight wrestler Frank Gotch. That match never happened either. I assume Jim Polhamus is his agent or manager. Image measures 5 1/2″ x 4″ on a 9″ x 6″ mount. VG-. $400

Louis Heller. Lost River Murderers. The three Modoc warriors have been identified as Curly Headed Jack, Wheum, and Buckskin Doctor, all who served under Captain Jack.  The prisoners are shown seated, with the two at right with their feet in chains. The image was taken after the Modoc War in California. They were not executed, as were some of the other warriors, but kept as prisoners. Heller wanted to make sure that his work was validated, so besides his copyright line along the left margin, there is a printed testament on the bottom by Captain C. H. Throckmorton, and endorsed by Gen. Jeff Davis. (Jefferson Columbus Davis assumed command after Brig. Gen’l Edward Canby was killed by the Modocs.) The CDV is published by Carleton Watkins. Extensive advertising text for his Yosemite Art Gallery is printed verso. Pinholes in extreme upper right and in “River” in title below. This oversized CDV measures 5″ x 3 1/4.” G. $2500

E.L. Eaton, Omaha, Neb. Gay Eagle, Sioux. While the image says “Sioux” on the back in old ink manuscript,  he definitely is not a Sioux Indian, says one of my most informed browers. “This guy screams Pawnee beginning with his haircut style down to his clothing, especially moccasins.  No Sioux ever looked like this.  If you Google vintage Pawnee images, you’ll see many with his scalplock hairstyle.  Pawnees much harder to find than Sioux.  Plus, Eaton photographed the Pawnees, as did Jackson.” G. $850

E.L. Eaton, Omaha, Neb. Cheyenne. G. $750

Shoshone Indians by J.B. Silvis Shoshone Indians by J.B. Silvis
NACDV50. J.B. Silvis, Photographer and Viewist. Manuscript on verso “Shoshones Indians.” Silvis was the great roaming photographer of the UPRR. His images are rare. This CDV has been trimmed at sides. G. $850

Piute Indians near Austin Nevada 1866 Piute Indians near Austin Nevada 1866
NACDV55. No ID. Manuscript on verso “Piute Indians residing near Austin Nevada 1866.” VG. $1500

Nebraska Indians Portrait by Peabody, Lyons Nebraska Indians Portrait by Peabody, Lyons
NACAB27. Peabody Studio, Lyons, Nebraska. Portrait of two Native Americans in western dress. Card is worn at corners but beautifully matted as shown. G. $200

Black Coal, Coolidge and Painting Horse Black Coal, Coolidge and Painting Horse
NACAB38. Baker & Johnston, Evanston, Wyoming. Arapahoes. 38. Black Coal, Coolidge and Painting Horse. 4.5″ x 7″ card. VG. $950

Native American CDV by Chamberlain Native American CDV by Chamberlain
NACDV65. W. G. Chamberlain, Denver, Co. CDV of Native American woman and child. VG. $400

Steps, Nes Perce Indian Steps, Nes Perce Indian
NACAB41. Bailey, Dix & Mead, Fort Randall, D.T. No. 3. Steps. A Nes Perce Indian, who escaped from his band, while surrounded in the bad lands of Nebraska, by Gen’l Miles, in 1878. He then joined Sitting Bull’s band of Uncapapa Sioux Indians in the British possessions and has followed their fortunes ever since. He lost his feet above the ankles, also his right hand by being frozen, having been caught in one of the severe snow storms, 21 years ago. Copyright 1882. E. $500

Comanche Town
NACAB43. T. Croft, Oklahoma City, O.T. Comanche Town-near Fort Sill, I.T. VG. $650

Donald McKay
NACAB44. Houseworth’s Celebrities, San Francisco, Cal. Donald McKay, Dr. McKay and Son. Warm Spring Indians. McKay, Donald, frontiersman (1836-Apr. 19, 1899 or April 18, 1902). Born in eastern Oregon he was the son of Thomas McKay and grandson of Alexander McKay, both of whom reached Oregon in 1811 with Astor’s Pacific Fur Company (Alexander was killed by Indians at Vancouver). Donald’s mother was a Cayuse woman, Thomas’s second wife (the first was a Chinook). Donald was a government scout for many years, rendering valuable service. In 1864 he commanded a company of Warm Springs Indians against the Bannocks, Shoshones and other tribes, and he frequently was interpreter between Klamaths, the Warm Springs and the whites. McKay saw his most extensive service in the Modoc campaign, again leading Warm Springs scouts and himself served as a scout, guide and interpreter, being one of the principals in the capture of Captain Jack in 1873. He learned during his career to speak fluent English, French and several Indian languages. Because of the renown which came to him through his Modoc War service he took Warm Springs scouts east in 1874 and gave exhibitions for two years before the company disbanded. Donald then joined Texas Jack Omohundro’s 1876 show and went to Europe. In all he remained in show business for eight years, being an expert rifle shot, roper and rider. On his return he married a Warm Springs woman who died shortly after the birth of a daughter. About 1888 he promoted medicine show productions, a hallowed American tradition by then, specializing in “Donald McKay’s Great Indian Worm Eradicator” for $5 a bottle. He died at his home at the Umatilla Agency near Pendleton, after breaking a hip which failed to mend. He was buried in the Catholic Cemetery. G. $650

Chief Tonka by Bliss Chief Tonka by Bliss
NACDV68. W.P. Bliss’ Photographic Car. Chief Tonka, Yankton Sioux. An eagle eyed friend writes: “Jeff, I think Chief Tonka is a copy view. See the tack head dead center at bottom of card edge. Bliss never photographed Sioux and Topeka is too far south for this tribe, so he must have been copying and selling a few images. First time I’ve seen copy work by Bliss. He never got farther north than Topeka, Kansas and from there went down to Fort Sill and on to Santa Fe. Interesting in that it tells me something about Bliss I didn’t know.” Thanks Larry. G. $500

Potawatomi Chief Potawatomi Chief
NACDV69. Chas. T. Smith, Photographer, [Topeka, Kansas.] Potawatomi Chief “Nan-Wesh-Mah.” His white man’s name was Abram B. Burnett. Born 1812 and Died 1870. Forced to move from tribal lands in Indiana to what is now Kansas, not too far from present day Topeka. G. $600

nacab49 Isleta
NACAB49. W. Cal. Brown, Albuquerque, N.M. 80. Street in Isleta. G. $350

Blackfeet Indians
NACAB53. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. Shorty White Grass. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $750

NACAB54. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. Running Crane. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $750

NACAB55. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. White Calf. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $750

NACAB56. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. Little Plume. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $650

NACAB57. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. Little Dog. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $650

NACAB58. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. Tail Feathers Coming Over the Hill. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $650

NACAB59. C.M. Bell, Washington, D.C. Four Horses. Blackfoot Indian member of delegation to DC. VG. $650

Four Bears Sioux Chief
NACDV76. Four Bears Sioux Chief. On back is written “Red Feather-Sans Arc – Sioux Delegation 1870). G. $475

NACDV78. Winnebagos. G-. $200

Nebraska Native American
NACDV80. CDV by W.R. Cross, Niobara, Neb. of a Native American, probably Sioux. He wears a great necklace and bells beneath his knees. G. $350

NACAB66. Drum, Pawhuska, O.T., published by Parsons’ Gallery. Osage image identified on verso as “Me-she-tsia. He may be has his head shaved in one of the styles with the ‘full bloods.'” VG. $450

NACDV82. Written on back “Pawnee Scout 1860’s.” More likely 1870’s. He wears a cavalry shell jacket and possibly a Hudson’s Bay blanket. He’s got ball and cone earrings with pierced to and bottom lobes. G. $400

NACAB77. [Overstreet Studio, Chickasha, I.T.] “Scene at the Commissary Drawing Rations.” VG. $325

NACAB78. Overstreet Studio, Chickasha, I.T. “Wichita Indian Grass House near Anadarko.” VG. $175

NACDV91. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. William Frederick Milton Arny, Indian agent (May 1813-Sept. 18, 1881). Born at Georgetown, D.C. He was well educated for the day, notably religious, early attracted to the Baptist faith but then met Alexander Campbell, founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) and formed a lifelong attachment to that persuasion. He settled at Bethany, Virginia, edited church papers, became Campbell’s secretary and business manager, married and traveled widely for the church, even conducting revival meetings. However in 1848 a split developed over church matters and in 1850 Arny moved to Bloomington, Illinois. He interested himself in scientific agriculture, printing and teaching. He became involved in fresh disputes and went to Kansas in October 1856, settling first at Lawrence, then at Hyatt, 40 miles to the south. Again he became heavily involved in political turmoil. With the election as President of his friend, Abraham Lincoln, in 1860, Arny sought political office and was named agent to the Utes and Jicarilla Apaches of northern New Mexico, succeeding Kit Carson. Arny found the problem immense, his resources few but on the whole he was a good and honest agent, accomplishing what was possible with the means at hand. In December 1861 he went to Washington, D.C., to further his ideas for making the agency work and the Indians civilized, attended a White House reception dressed as his notion of a Mountain Man, complete with buckskin shirt, beaded bow and quiver filled with arrows; he drew much attention to his western labors by such bizarre methods. In the summer of 1862 he was appointed Territorial Secretary for New Mexico, holding the position until 1867 (occasionally serving as acting governor) and weathering his customary series of disputes of varying degrees of acrimony. Most were of little frontier interest, but Arny did come to cross purposes with Carleton, the military commander, leading to stalemates on various Indian matters. In 1867 he became agent for two years of the mountain Utes at Abiquiu, New Mexico, and for the Pueblos along the Rio Grande and in 1870 was named Special Agent for the Indians of New Mexico in which office he extended his concerns to the Mimbres and Mescalero Apaches, conferring with Victorio, Cochise and other noted chiefs. In seven months he visited every major tribe in the Territory, southwestern Colorado and northwestern Arizona, took Indian censuses, evaluated their conditions and reported in full. But his summaries merely demonstrated the magnitude and complexity of the Indian problem, and his interest in Indian education fared little better. He came into dispute for instance, with Roman Catholic Bishop Jean B. Lamy who feared installation of Protestant missionaries in what had been Catholic areas. An attempt by President Grant to reinstate Arny as Territorial Secretary was frustrated by the Senate in 1872, but after a hard fight Arny later was confirmed. In the summer of 1873 he became agent to the Navahos where again disputes complicated his life and efforts; among the enemies he created were the powerful Indian traders of the reservation, while he declined to work with the Mormons who were important in the region. Difficulties from many directions mounted. Arny took a large Navaho delegation to Washington and to the East Coast in 1874, but his difficulties would not dissolve and on July 22, 1875, he submitted his resignation. He lived the last six years of his life at Santa Fe in financially-straitened circumstances. In 1879 he learned he had inherited a large English fortune, but failed to collect it in the time remaining to him, although he made a trip to England in its pursuit. Arny died at Topeka, Kansas, and was buried at Santa Fe. From Lawrence R. Murphy, Frontier Crusader-William F.M. Arny. Tucson, Univ. of Ariz. Press, 1972. Above is shown a CDV of Alexander Gardner in Arny’s mountain man outfit. Arny lent the outfit to him for this image. That image is NOT included in this lot. It is in the National Portrait Gallery. VG. $1200

NACDV94. Eaton’s Gallery of Art, Omaha, Neb. Pawnee woman. This image was previously owned by Sallie Troth, daughter of Jacob Troth, government agent for the Pawnee, ~1868-1872. It was obtained from a g-g-g grandson of Jacob Troth. G. $300

NACDV95. E.L. Eaton, Omaha, Neb. Pawnee enacting the scalping of a white man. This image was previously owned by Sallie Troth, daughter of Jacob Troth, government agent for the Pawnee, ~1868-1872. It was obtained from a g-g-g grandson of Jacob Troth. G. $500

NACDV96. Eaton’s Gallery of Art, Omaha, Neb. Pawnee. This image was previously owned by Sallie Troth, daughter of Jacob Troth, government agent for the Pawnee, ~1868-1872. It was obtained from a g-g-g grandson of Jacob Troth. G. $600

NACDV98. E.L. Eaton, Omaha, Neb. Eaton’s Gallery of Art, Omaha, Neb. Pawnee. This image was previously owned by Sallie Troth, daughter of Jacob Troth, government agent for the Pawnee, ~1868-1872. It was obtained from a g-g-g grandson of Jacob Troth. G. $600

NACAB81. Russell, Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory. Young Comanche woman. VG. $350