ETHCDV27. J. Garrigues, Tunis. North African CDV of mother and daughter. VG. $125

Davis Garber, NY. William Taylor (1821-1902), Missionary Bishop of Africa, 1884-1896, of the Methodist Episcopal Church. VG. $600

Ethnic CDV Ethnic CDV
ETHCDV45. No ID. On back is written “Negresse avec son eventail” (Negress with her fan). I believe this is Algerian. VG. $125

ethcdv49 Algerian CDV
ETHCDV49. Alary & Geiser, Algers. Native man on horseback. VG. $85

Algerian CDV
ETHCDV51. Attibuted to J. Tresorier. Native woman with bag. VG. $150

Algerian CDV
ETHCDV52. Alary & Geiser, Algers. Street vendor with cage. VG. $125

Algerian CDV
ETHCDV54. Attributed to Alary & Geiser. Native woman. VG. $100

ETHCDV77. C.D. Fredricks & Co., NY. Malay doctor & patient. VG. $450

ETHCDV78. W. Hammerschmidt. 182. Vue de Jerusalem. VG. $20

ETHCDV80. No ID. Unidentified woman with large ring through her nose, multiple necklaces. I have received the following information regarding this image: “Almost certainly Nepali. She’s a caste Hindu, judging by the tikka; and the nose ring and costume looks very Nepalese. Probably taken in Darjeeling; which had lots of studios and even more Gurkha / Nepali residents.” Albumen image mounted on paper, just slightly larger than a CDV. E. $75

ETHCDV81. Schier & Schoefft.  I believe the image is of an Egyptian woman. VG. $100

ETHCDV86. Barton & Co., Secunderabad Hyderabad. C. Company No. 6 Bungalow. G. $50

ETHCDV87. Barton & Co., Secunderabad Hyderabad. Untitled CDV. G. $35

ETHCDV88. Barton & Co., Secunderabad Hyderabad. Untitled CDV. G. $50

ETHCDV90. Barton & Co., Secunderabad Hyderabad. A group of Indian children. G. $100

ETHCDV91. Barton & Co., Secunderabad Hyderabad. Group of Indian children. VG. $125

ETHCDV92. Barton & Co., Secunderabad Hyderabad. Group of Indians. VG. $150

The following are a number of CDVs by Cruces y Campa. Antíoco Cruces and Luis Campa were perhaps the most successful Mexican photographers in the latter half of the 19th century.  Both attended the prestigious Academy de San Carlos art school in Mexico City and were supported by fellow photographer, Jose Maria de la Torre, who worked with them between 1863 and 1866.  They established the firm of Cruces y Campa that won a bronze medal for artistic merit at the International Exposition held in Philadelphia in 1876, and proved their excellent business savvy by using new photographic technology to market series of images of people including those of Mexican people in the daily life (Occupationals) and later of famous people in Mexican history (Gobernantes). The use of the cartes-de-visite format was a specialty of Cruces y Campa, who were pioneers of the medium in Mexico. Though the firm and the professional partnership of Cruces y Campa was dissolved in 1877,  Antíoco Cruces remained active as a photographer, and it is possible that Luis Campa did as well, though his career is unknown after that time.

ETHCDV93. [Cruces y Campa]. Benito Pablo Juárez García  (21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexican lawyer and president of Mexico, of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca. G-. $125

ETHCDV94. [Cruces y Campa]. José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori  (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915) was a Mexican general and politician who served seven terms as President of Mexico, a total of 31 years, from February 17, 1877 to December 1, 1880 and from December 1, 1884 to May 25, 1911. The entire period 1876–1911 is often referred to as the Porfiriato. A veteran of the War of the Reform (1858–60) and the French intervention in Mexico (1862–67), Díaz rose to the rank of General, leading republican troops against the French-imposed rule of Emperor Maximilian. He subsequently revolted against presidents Benito Juárez and Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, on the principle of no re-election to the presidency. Diaz succeeded in seizing power ousting Lerdo in a coup in 1876, with the help of his political supporters, and Diaz was elected in 1877. In 1880, he stepped down and his political ally Manuel González was elected president, serving from 1880 to 1884. In 1884 Diaz abandoned the idea of no re-election and held office continuously until 1911. Díaz has been a controversial figure in Mexican history. His regime brought “order and progress,” ending political turmoil and promoting economic development. Díaz and his allies comprised a group of technocrats known as Científicos, “scientists.” His economic policies largely benefited his circle of allies as well as foreign investors, and helped a few wealthy estate-owning hacendados acquire huge areas of land, leaving rural campesinos unable to make a living. In later years, these policies grew unpopular due to civil repression and political conflicts, as well as challenges from labor and the peasantry, groups that did not share in Mexico’s prosperity. Despite public statements in 1908 favoring a return to democracy and not running again for office, Díaz reversed himself and ran again in 1910. His failure to institutionalize presidential succession, since he was by then 80 years old, triggered a political crisis between the Científicos and the followers of General Bernardo Reyes, allied with the military and with peripheral regions of Mexico. After Díaz declared himself the winner of an eighth term in office in 1910, his electoral opponent, wealthy estate owner Francisco I. Madero, issued the Plan of San Luis Potosí calling for armed rebellion against Díaz, leading to the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution. After the Federal Army suffered a number of military defeats against the forces supporting Madero, Díaz was forced to resign in May 1911 and went into exile in Paris, the capital city of France, where he died four years later. VG. $300

ETHCDV95. [Cruces y Campa]. VG. $200

ETHCDV96. [Cruces y Campa]. Ordinary Costume of Mexican Women. VG. $200

ETHCDV97. [Cruces y Campa]. Pigskin filled with pulque, native Mexican alcoholic drink. VG. $250

ETHCDV98. [Cruces y Campa]. Drawing the juice from the giant aguave plant, used for making tequila. VG. $200

ETHCDV99. [Cruces y Campa]. Babe held by reboza. VG. $200

ETHCDV100. [Cruces y Campa]. Street vendors. VG. $200

ETHCDV101. [Cruces y Campa]. Making Tortillas. VG. $200

ETHCDV102. [Cruces y Campa]. VG. $200

ETHCDV103. [Cruces y Campa]. Mexican Plow 1883. VG. $200

ETHCDV104. [Cruces y Campa]. On the Vega Canal. G. $150

ETHCDV107. Bourne & Shepherd, India. Tobacconists of Bombay. VG. $250

ETHCDV108. Photographer’s name is mostly rubbed off. Begins with “Dr.” and ends with “ll.” This is possibly a Burmese student studying in Pennsylvania. Trimmed. Fair. $50

ETHCDV110. No photographer ID. On verso is written “Turco.” A Turco is an Algerian soldier in the French Army. VG. $125

ETHCDV111. No photographer ID. This is a Turco, an Algerian soldier in the French Army. VG. $125

ETHCDV113. Kellogg Brothers, Hartford, Conn. Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave child, 5 years old. Redeemed in Virginia by Catherine S. Lawrence; baptized in Brooklyn, at Plymouth Church, by Henry Ward Beecher, May, 1863. Corners clipped. VG. $350

ETHCDV115. Chas. Paxson, New York. No. 4. Rebecca, Charley & Rosa, Slave Children from New Orleans. G. $275

ETHALB1. Fine CDV album of 144 CDVs, 28 of which are tinted. Most are Middle Eastern with an assortment of other nationalities. The CDVs are permanently enclosed in the album as the pages do not have slits at top or bottom for removal. 12″ x 9.” One of the clasps is missing. VG-E condition. $6500

ETHCAB25. Metcalf, Boston. Unidentified Chinese gentleman. G. $125

ETHCDV118. R. Caracachian, Constantinople. Street vendor. G-. $35

PPCDV199. Miller & Rowell, Boston. Madam Young written at bottom recto. Woman in ethnic outfit. VG. $45

ETHCDV119. Group of 4 in middle-eastern outfits. Unidentified. VG. $65

ETHCDV120. Three women around a grinding mortar stone. Unidentified location. VG. $75

ETHCDV121. Image is labeled “Coolie,” no location. Merchant with primitive scale and merchandise. Probably Japan, my guess. VG. $75