Timothy O’Sullivan lent his talents to two of the great surveys of the American West: Clarence King’s Exploration of the 40th Parallel, 1867 to 1873; & George Wheeler’s Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (1871, 1873-1874). Stereographs from the latter series are frequently available, and were issued in boxed sets widely available to the public, while King Survey stereographs are rarely encountered.

O’Sullivan joined the King Survey team in the Spring of 1867 and worked photographing through the close of the season of 1869. In 1872, O’Sullivan again joined the King team and worked through that year. In all, as Carol Johnson states in her essay Through Magic Lenses: Timothy H. O’Sullivan’s Stereographs from the King and Wheeler Surveys, on p. 169 of Framing the West, “Of the 298 or more stereos made during the three years of the King survey, Timothy O’Sullivan made about 275.” She also states that “There is no evidence to suggest that the King survey stereographs were ever offered for sale to the public. In 1889, the Biblotheque nationale de France acquired from the U.S. Geological Survey a group of 121 King survey stereos, now the largest group of King survey stereovews held by a public institution. . . .Many King survey stereographs were not printed on official mounts and have no accompanying caption information, making them difficult to identify. Because of their rarity, they have been overlooked by scholars.”

The collection offered here presents 97 King survey images as well as 2 of O’Sullivan’s images from his work on the Darien Expedition in Panama in 1870, on 95 stereograph mounts, 4 of them two-sided.


1. 98. Near Junction of Yampah and Green Rivers.


2. No number, no title.

 
3. 76. Grand Canon Green River Walls 3000 ft. high, King Expedition.

 
4. 31 1/2. Tree, Webber Canon, Utah. Photographer with equipment.

 
5. 30. No title.

 
6. 25. No title. [Wall in Echo Canon.]

 
7. No. 23-Branch Canon, No. 2, Echo Canon, Utah, U.P.R.R. Written on verso “Similar to Plate 49 in ‘Era of Exploration.’ Limestone Canon near Fort Ruby (Nevada). About 1868.”

 
8. 62. Written on verso: “See Plate I in ‘Descriptive Geology’ U.S. Geol. Expl. 40 Parallel, P. 142. ‘Horse Shoe Curve Green River, Wyoming.’ p. 99 in ‘American Frontiers’ 1872.”

 
9. 36. No title.

 
10. 43. No title. [Washakie Badlands, Wyo. Terr.]

 
11. 39. Written on verso: “Background same as Neg. #40. ‘Badlands, Wyoming Territory.'”

 
12. 12. No title.

 
13.  16. The Great Eastern, Echo Canon, Utah. [LOC]

 
14. 15. No title. [Echo Canon].

 
15. 20. Written on verso: “Witches Rocks, Echo, Utah 1869. p. 48 in ‘American Frontiers.'” [LOC]

 
16. No. 99.-Junction of Green and Yampah Canons, from Top of Yampah Canon. Written on verso: “Taken from same position as Plate III in ‘Descriptive Geology, p. 202.’ Canon of the Yampa near Junction with Green River, Unita Range.”

 
17. 97. Near Junction of Green and Yampah Rivers.

 
18. No. 141-Fungus in Gould & Curry Tunnel, 350 feet below surface, Virginia City, Nevada. “22. & 26”, written on verso. Also extensive notes from Dr. Beck regarding where he purchased this view and information on the King Survey and O’Sullivan, mostly written in his notorious red ink.

 
19. “Shoshone Falls” written on verso. Man stands on rock ledge.

 
20. 57. Flaming Gorge.

 
21. 31. No title.

 
22. Grand Bend Green River, Wyoming Ter. Written on verso: “Neg. #61. See Plate I in ‘Descriptive Geology’ U.S. Geol. Expl. 40 Parallel, p. 192. Plate 51 in ‘Era of Exploration.'”

 
23. 53. No title.

 
24. 92. Written on verso: “Taken near the position of No. 93-From Above the Junction of Green and Yampah River Canons, from top to bottom of Wall, No. 2” from the series “Explorations of the 40th Parallel–1867 to 1873.”

 
25. No. 95.-Junction of Yampah and Green Canons, from Top of Green Canon. Written on verso: “Similar to Plate IX, p. 286, ‘Descriptive Geology.'”

 
26. No. 74-Looking across Mouth of Grand Canon, Green River, from the Top. Written on verso: “Similar to Plate IX in ‘Descriptive Geology.'”

 
27. 192. Written on verso: “Similar to Horan, p. 158. The King Camp near Salt Lake City by O’Sullivan.”

 
28. 120. Written on verso: “The Montezuma Silver Works, Oreana, Nevada. Probably by T.H. O’Sullivan. See Horan, page 205.”

 
29. Written on verso: “Falls, river in Rocky Mts.”

 
30. 47. No title. [Washakie Badlands, Wyo. Terr.]


31. 27. Devil’s Gate, Weber Canon, looking down stream, Utah, U.P.R.R. [LOC] Green River Canon, Wyoming Terr. [Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris].


32. 96. Written on verso: “Taken farther up (or down) River from ‘No. 95-Junction of Yampah and Green Canons, from top of Green Canon.’ From the Series ‘Explorations of the 40th Parallel–1867 to 1873.’ Also, see Plate 52, ‘Era of Exploration,’ Plate IX, ‘Descriptive Geology,’ p. 286.”

 
33. 28. Near View, Devil’s Gate, Weber Canon, Utah.

 
34. 36. Written on verso: “This is probably the same formation as in Neg. #40, but from a position shifted to the right. ‘Bad Lands, Wyoming Territory.'”

 
35. 212. King’s Lake, Unita Mountains. [LOC] Lake Lal and Mt. Agassiz, Uinta Mts., Utah [National Archives, Bibliotheque Nationale]. Written on verso: “Same as Plate X, ‘Descriptive Geology’ U.S. Geol. Expl. 40 Parallel, p. 312. ‘Agassiz Amphitheatre Unita Mts.’ T.H. O’Sullivan.”

 
36. 13. Written on verso: “Similar to Plate XI, p. 326, of ‘Descriptive Geology’ U.S. Geol. Expl. 40 Parallel ‘Echo Canon, Utah.'”

 
37. No. 69-Mouth of Grand Canon, Green River, Evening Light.

 
38. 105. No title.

 
39. No number, no title. Man with horse.

 
40. Written on verso: “U.P.R.R. Webber Canon, Utah.” Two men on small railroad flat car, UPRR.

 
41. Below Devil’s Gate, ? Canon. Written on verso: “Same view as ‘No. 63-Looking into Vermilion Canon, from Brown’s Hole’ from the series ‘Explorations of the 40th Parallel–1867 to 1873.’ T.H. O’Sullivan, photo.” Same view as #43 below.

 
42. No. 100.-One mile above in Yampah Canon, looking to Junction of Yampah and Green Canons.

 
43. No. 63-Looking into Vermilion Canon, from Brown’s Hole. Same view as #41 above. On verso are notation by Dr. Beck. Also “53” written on verso.

 
44. No. 11.-Castle Rock, U.P.R.R., Utah Ter.

 
45. 2. Rear view of Point Bluff, Green River Station, U.P.R.R. (Buttes near Green River.) [LOC]

 
46. No. 33-Devil’s Slide, from River, down stream, Weber Canon, Utah, U.P.R.R.

 
47. 40. Bad Lands, Wyoming Territory. Written on verso: “Similar to frontispiece, ‘Descriptive Geology.’ ‘Eocene Badlands-Washakie Basin-Wyoming.'”


48. No. 54-Mouth of Flaming Gorge, Green River Canon, Wyoming Territory. Written on verso: “See Plate VII, p. 264 in ‘Descriptive Geology.'”

 
49. 168. East Humboldts, Nevada. [LOC]

 
50. Written on verso: “Hot & Cold Springs-Bath.” A member of the expedition bathing in one of the Hot Springs. This may be Clarence King. Horan, p. 186. Hot and cold springs bath.

 
51. Eagle Rocks, Snake River Falls. Looking from above Snake River Falls.

 
52. 189. City of Rocks, Idaho. [LOC]

 
53. 47. No title. [Washakie Badlands, Wyo. Terr.]

 
54. 87. Badlands. Man with camera and dark tent.

 
55. 146. Written on verso: “O’Sullivan’s Wagon near Steamboat springs, Nevada. Horan, p. 164.”

 
56. 86. Middle of Grand Canon, Green River, from the bottom, afternoon light up stream. [Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.]

 
57. No. 93-From above the Junction of Green and Yampah River Canons, from Top to Bottom of Wall, No. 2.

 
58. Images on both sides of card. Colorado River Canon, Arizona Terr. & Sphinx Wasatch Mountains.

 
59. No. 101.-One mile above in Yampah Canon, looking to Junction of Yampah and Green Canons, near view.

 
60. No. 48-Upper end of Light House Canon, West Wall, Mauvaises Terres, Washakie Basin, Wyo. Terr.

 
61. No. 22-Lone Group Witches Rock, Weber Valley, Utah, No. 4, U.P.R.R. Written on verso: “Similar to Plate XII, p. 332. ‘Descriptive Geology.'”

 
62. No. 4-Rear view of Point Bluff, Green River Station, U.P.R.R., Wyo. Terr. Written on verso: “Plate V, p. 238, ‘Descriptive Geology.’ Tertiary Bluffs near Green River City, Wyoming.”

 
63. No. 8-Broadside view of Twin Bluffs, U.P.R.R., Wyo. Terr. Written on verso: “See Plate VI in ‘Descriptive Geology,’ p. 244.”

 
64. Written on verso: “Neg. #37.” Near view of Column, Mauvaises Terres, Washakie Basin, Wyo. Ter.” [Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris]

 
65. 164. Hot Spring Ruby Valley, Nevada.

 
66. Two-sided view. Side view, falls in Idaho & Shoshone Falls, Idaho.

 
67. Two-sided view. Rocky Mts. flowers above snow level & untitled street view.

  
68. 150. Extinct volcano, Mono Lake, Cal. [LOC]

 
69. 52. Garnet Canon, Uinta Mountains, Utah. [National Archives]

 
70. 152. Bloody Canon, Sierra Nevada, California. [LOC title].

 
71. No. 34-Devil’s Slide, from River, up railroad, Weber Canon, Utah, U.P.R.R.

 
72. No. 82.-Middle of Grand Canon, from the bottom, looking up stream, Green River.

 
73. No. 92-From above the Junction of Green and Yampah River Canons, from Top to Bottom of Wall.

 
74. No. 29-Devil’s Gate Weber Canon, distant view from above, Utah, U.P.R.R.

 
75. No. 81.-Middle of Grand Canon, from the bottom, looking down stream, Green River.

 
76. No. 71-Mouth of Grand Canon, Green River, No. 5.

 
77. No. 75-From Top of Grand Canon, Green River, looking down stream, walls 3,000 feet high.

 
78. 73. Top of Green River Canon, looking in Brown’s Hole. [Framing the West]. Written on verso: “Very similar to ‘No. 74-Looking across Mouth of Grand Canon, Green River, from the Top.’ From the series ‘Explorations of the 40th Parallel–1867 to 1873.’ Same as Plate IV in ‘Descriptive Geology,’ p. 222, ‘Brown’s Park from the Entrance to Canon of Lodore, Unita range.'”

 
79. No. 66-Head of Vermilion Canon, Brown’s Hole.

 
80. No number, no title. Card stock for different number used to mount this image. Buildings in Washington, DC.

 
81. No number, no title. Card stock from different number used to mount this image. Building in Washington, DC.

 
82. 56. Written on verso: “See Plate 45 in ‘Era of Exploration’ T.H. O’Sullivan, Unidentified (location) about 1869.’ Compare backgrounds.”

 
83. 213. Storms in the Uinta Mts., No. 1, Utah. [Bibliotheque Nationale]. Storm Cloud Uinta Mts.

 
84. 66. Vermilion Canon, Brown’s Hole. Written on verso: “See Plate 55 in ‘Era of Exploration.'”

 
85. Two-sided image. Lake in Unitah Mts. & Scene in South America.

 
86. 58. Green River, Wyoming Terr. Written on verso: “High Bluff and Great Bend, Green River Canon, Wyoming Terr.” Showing Bend of Green River Canon, Wyo. Terr. [Framing the West].

 
87. Written on verso: “Shoshone Falls.” Also “p.77 American Frontiers.” Also “1868 King Exp.”

 
88. 17. Written on verso: “Similar to Plate XI, p. 326, of ‘Descriptive Geology’ U.S. Geol. Expl. 40 Parallel. ‘Echo Canon, Utah.’ From a duplicate of this view: ‘High Bluff Echo Canon, Utah.'”

 
89. Written on verso: “From a duplicate of this view: ‘Bluffs in Band Land, Utah.'”

 
90. No number, no title. Two men in boat.

 
91. Written on verso: “Cut in the wall of Silver ledge of the Gould & Curry Mine, Virginia, Nevada. By Timothy O’Sullivan 1868.” Miner at work, variant of Horan, p. 196, same miner, Comstock Mine, Virginia City, Nevada. Miners at Work Underground, Virginia City Nevada [National Archives]

 
92. No number, no title. Men in front of boat. I have been informed that James D. Hague is sitting beside the rowboat at Anaho Landing, Pyramid Lake, Nevada, 1867.

 
93. 110. Tufa formation south end of Pyramid Lake, No. 2, Nevada. [Bibliotheque Nationale]. Written on verso: “King Survey.” Tufa Formation, Anaho Island, Pyramid Lake, Nevada. [National Archives]

 
94. No number, no title. Three men on horse on snowy ridge. I have been informed that this is Bloody Canon and one of the horsemen could Samuel Emmons, the leader of the Mono Lake party in April 1868.

 
95. 82. Written on verso: “Same as ‘No. 82-Middle of Grand Canon, from the bottom, looking up stream, Green River.’ From the series ‘Explorations of the 40th Parallel–1867 to 1873. T.H. O’Sullivan.'”

ON HOLD.