CWCDV1189. J.W. Black, Boston. Seated 1st Sergeant. “Smith” written on verso and also above his head, barely readable. VG. $125


CWCDV1192. A.P. Hart, Elmira, NY. Standing Infantry Officer with sword and sash. VG. $125


CWCDV1193. Chas. K. Bills Studio, New York. Fine studio image of this soldier. 2-cent tax stamp on verso. VG. $125


CWCDV1194.  Geo. W. Butler, Bath, Me. Officer with sword wearing a 2nd Corps badge. On back is written “Possibly 19th Maine.” Trimmed at bottom. G. $85


CWCDV1195. D. Woodworth, Albany, NY. Officer with sword and sash wearing Lincoln mourning ribbon on his arm.  2-cent tax stamp on verso. VG. $135


CWCDV1196. Charles D. Fredricks & Co., NY. Officer with sword and sash. VG. $85


CWCDV1197. Manchester Bros., Providence, R.I. Staff officer with sword and sash. VG. $95


CWCDV1198. Wolff’s Gallery, Alexandria, Va. Officer with sash. VG. $125


CWCDV1199. Jno. Holyland, Washington, DC. Soldier posed before scenic backdrop. VG. $100


CWCDV1200. Brady, NY. Maj. Gen. John A. Dix (1798-1879). Bottom corners clipped. VG. $125


CWCDV1201. Photographic negative by Brady, published by E. Anthony. General Andrew Porter (July 10, 1820 – January 3, 1872), brigadier general. He was an important staff officer under McClellan during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign, serving as the Provost Marshal of the Army of the Potomac. VG. $150


CWCDV1202. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, NY. Major-General Silas Casey (7/12/07-1/22/82). Chipped corner. G. $100


CWCDV1203. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Alfred Pleasonton (July 7, 1824 – February 17, 1897) was a major general of volunteers in the Union cavalry during the Civil War. He commanded the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Gettysburg Campaign, including the largest predominantly cavalry battle of the war, Brandy Station. In 1864, he was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Theater, where he defeated Confederate General Sterling Price in two key battles, including the Battle of Mine Creek, the second largest cavalry battle of the war, effectively ending the war in Missouri. VG. $150


CWCDV1204. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Fitz John Porter (August 31, 1822 – May 21, 1901) was a career Army officer and a Union general during the Civil War. He is known for his performance at Second Bull Run and his subsequent court martial. Although Porter served well in the early battles of the Civil War, his military career was ruined by the controversial trial, which was called by his political rivals. After the war, he worked for almost 25 years to restore his tarnished reputation and was finally restored to the army’s roll. Label for Rigby & Stearns, Druggists, Detroit. on verso. VG. $200


CWCDV1205. R.W. Addis, Photographer, McClees’ Gallery, Washington, DC. Fitz John Porter (August 31, 1822 – May 21, 1901) was a career Army officer and a Union general during the Civil War. He is known for his performance at Second Bull Run and his subsequent court martial. Although Porter served well in the early battles of the Civil War, his military career was ruined by the controversial trial, which was called by his political rivals. After the war, he worked for almost 25 years to restore his tarnished reputation and was finally restored to the army’s roll. Bottom corners clipped. G. $100


CWCDV1206. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Darius Nash Couch (July 23, 1822 – February 12, 1897) was a soldier, businessman, and naturalist. He served as a career Army officer during the Mexican-American War, the Second Seminole War, and as a general officer in the Union Army during the Civil War. During the Civil War, Couch fought notably in the Peninsula and Fredericksburg campaigns of 1862, and the Chancellorsville and Gettysburg campaigns of 1863. He rose to command a corps in the Army of the Potomac, and led divisions in both the Eastern Theater and Western Theater. Militia under his command played a strategic role during the Gettysburg Campaign in delaying the advance of Confederate troops of the Army of Northern Virginia and preventing their crossing the Susquehanna River, critical to Pennsylvania’s defense. He has been described as personally courageous, very thin in build, and (after his time in Mexico) frail of health. G. $150


CWCDV1208. Brady’s National Photographic Galleries, New York. George Archibald McCall (March 16, 1802 – February 25, 1868) was an Army officer who became a brigadier general and prisoner of war during the Civil War. He was also a naturalist. Nick at top left corner. G. $125


CWCDV1210. C.D. Fredricks & Co., NY.  Don Carlos Buell (March 23, 1818 – November 19, 1898) was an Army officer who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War. Buell led Union armies in two great Civil War battles—Shiloh and Perryville. The nation was angry at his failure to defeat the outnumbered Confederates after Perryville, or to secure East Tennessee. Historians generally concur that he was a brave and industrious master of logistics, but was too cautious and too rigid to meet the great challenges he faced in 1862. Buell was relieved of field command in late 1862 and made no more significant military contributions. Label on verso indicates that this CDV was purchased at E. Anthony’s Stereoscopic Emporium, 501 Broadway, NY. VG. $125


CWCDV1212. Photographic negatives from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Pair of CDVs of General Nathaniel P. Banks and his wife.  Nathaniel Prentice Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894) was a politician from Massachusetts and a Union general during the Civil War. A mill worker by background, Banks was prominent in local debating societies, and his oratorical skills were noted by the Democratic Party. But his abolitionist views fitted him better for the nascent Republican Party, through which he became Speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Massachusetts in the 1850s. Always a political chameleon (for which he was criticized by contemporaries), Banks was the first professional politician (with no outside business or other interests) to serve as Massachusetts Governor. At the outbreak of the Civil War, President Lincoln appointed Banks as one of the first ‘political’ major generals, over the heads of West Point regulars, who initially resented him, but came to acknowledge his influence on the administration of the war. After suffering a series of inglorious setbacks in the Shenandoah River Valley at the hands of Stonewall Jackson, Banks replaced Benjamin Butler at New Orleans as commander of the Department of the Gulf, charged with administration of Louisiana and gaining control of the Mississippi River. But he failed to reinforce Grant at Vicksburg, and badly handled the Siege of Port Hudson, taking its surrender only after Vicksburg had fallen. He then launched the Red River Campaign, a failed attempt to occupy eastern Texas that prompted his recall. Banks was regularly criticized for the failures of his campaigns, notably in tactically important tasks including reconnaissance. Banks was also instrumental in early reconstruction efforts in Louisiana, intended by Lincoln as a model for later such activities. After the war, Banks returned to the Massachusetts political scene, serving in Congress, where he supported Manifest Destiny, influenced the Alaska Purchase legislation, and supported women’s suffrage. In his later years he adopted more liberal progressive causes, and served as a United States marshal for Massachusetts before suffering a decline in his mental faculties.

Mrs. Banks, Mary Theodosia Palmer (10/16/19-2/1/01), married Banks in 1847 and was married to him until his death in 1894. They had 4 children. VG. $150 for the pair.


CWCDV1215. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. General William J. Hardee (10/12/15-11/6/73). Confederate General nicknamed “Old Reliable.” He served during the Second Seminole War and in the Mexican-American War, where he was captured and exchanged.  Hardee served in the Western Theater and quarreled sharply with two of his commanding officers, Braxton Bragg and John Bell Hood. He served in the Atlanta Campaign of 1864 and the Carolinas Campaign of 1865, where he surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston to Sherman in April. Hardee’s writings about military tactics were widely used on both sides in the conflict. Parial 2-cent tax stamp on verso. G. $100


CWCDV1216. Brady’s Album Gallery. No. 483. The Teazer, captured by the Meritanza, on 4th July, 1862. This view shows the destruction caused by the bursting of 100 lb. rifled shell. Trimmed top and bottom. G-. $100


CWCDV1217. Brady’s Album Gallery. Grigsby House, Centreville. Headquarters of Gen’l Johnston previous to the evacuation of Manasses. Soldiers and black servants on the stoop and porch. Barnard & Gibson’s 1862 copyright line on verso. G. $250


CWCDV1218. Brady, Washington. Illustrations of Camp Life. Topographical Engineers. Trimmed. G. $200


CWCDV1219. Brady’s Album Gallery. No. 302. Stone Church, Centreville. Occupied as a Hospital after the Battle of Blackburn’s Ford, 18th July, 1861. M.B. Brady’s 1862 copyright line bottom recto. G. $200


CWCDV1220. E&HT Anthony. Fortifications of Richmond. Large Gun. VG. $250


CWCDV1221. Brady’s Album Gallery. No. 384. White House, Formerly residence of Mrs. Custis Washington, now the residence of Col. Lee. 17th May, 1862. Barnard & Gibson’s 1862 copyright line bottom recto. VG. $250


CWCDV1222. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Gallery, NY. Written on verso is “Hospital, Centreville.” Also written below in later hand is “Memo. This is the Widow Spindle’s House that stood in now N.E. corner of Pleasant Valley Rd & Lee Hwy about 1 1/2 miles west of Centreville, Va.” G. $250


CWCDV1224. No ID. On verso is written “Jail” at C.H. [command headquarters?] Fairfax Virginia.” G. $250


CWCDV1226. E&HT Anthony. Robert Rhett (born Robert Barnwell Smith; December 21, 1800 – September 14, 1876) was a politician who served as a deputy from South Carolina to the Provisional Confederate States Congress from 1861 to 1862, a member of the US House of Representatives from South Carolina from 1837 to 1849, and US Senator from South Carolina from 1850 to 1852. A pro-slavery extremist and an early advocate of secession, he was a “Fire-Eater.” Rhett published his views through his newspaper, the Charleston Mercury. He was never a general and this image transposes his head onto a uniform. G. $125


CWCDV1227. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony.  David Dixon Porter (June 8, 1813 – February 13, 1891) was a Navy admiral and a member of one of the most distinguished families in the history of the U.S. Navy. Promoted as the second U.S. Navy officer ever to attain the rank of admiral, after his adoptive brother David G. Farragut, Porter helped improve the Navy as the Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy after significant service in the Civil War. Porter began naval service as a midshipman at the age of 10 years under his father, Commodore David Porter, on the frigate USS John Adams. For the remainder of his life, he was associated with the sea. Porter served in the Mexican War in the attack on the fort at the City of Vera Cruz. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was part of a plan to hold Fort Pickens, near Pensacola, Florida, for the Union; its execution disrupted the effort to relieve the garrison at Fort Sumter, leading to its fall. Porter commanded an independent flotilla of mortar boats at the capture of New Orleans. Later, he was advanced to the rank of (acting) rear admiral in command of the Mississippi River Squadron, which cooperated with the army under Major General Ulysses S. Grant in the Vicksburg Campaign. After the fall of Vicksburg, he led the naval forces in the difficult Red River Campaign in Louisiana. Late in 1864, Porter was transferred from the interior to the Atlantic coast, where he led the U.S. Navy in the joint assaults on Fort Fisher, the final significant naval action of the war. Porter worked to raise the standards of the U.S. Navy in the position of Superintendent of the Naval Academy when it was restored to Annapolis. He initiated reforms in the curriculum to increase professionalism. In the early days of President Grant’s administration, Porter was de facto Secretary of the Navy. When his adoptive brother David G. Farragut was advanced from rank of vice-admiral to admiral, Porter took his previous position; likewise, when Farragut died, Porter became the second man to hold the newly created rank of admiral. He gathered a corps of like-minded officers devoted to naval reform. Porter’s administration of the Navy Department aroused powerful opposition by some in Congress, who forced the Secretary of the Navy Adolph E. Borie to resign. His replacement, George Robeson, curtailed Porter’s power and eased him into semi-retirement. Clipped corners. G. $150

 
CWCDV1228. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Samuel Francis Du Pont (September 27, 1803 – June 23, 1865) was a rear admiral in the US Navy, and a member of the prominent Du Pont family. In the Mexican–American War, Du Pont captured San Diego, and was made commander of the California naval blockade. Through the 1850s, he promoted engineering studies at the United States Naval Academy, to enable more mobile and aggressive operations. In the Civil War, he played a major role in making the Union blockade effective, but was controversially blamed for the failed attack on Charleston, South Carolina in April 1863. VG. $150


CWCDV1229. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. William David Porter (10 March 1808 – 1 May 1864) was a flag officer of the United States Navy. He was the son of Commodore David Porter (1780–1843) and brother of Admiral David Dixon Porter (1813–1891) as well as foster brother of Admiral David Farragut (1801–1870). Porter was born on 10 March 1808 in New Orleans, Louisiana. He spent much of his childhood in Chester, Pennsylvania. After an early and unsuccessful attempt to stow away on his uncle John Porter’s, ship-of-the-line Franklin, he signed on Franklin at the age of 12. Porter was appointed a midshipman on 1 January 1823, and 11 years later was commissioned a lieutenant. From 1838 to 1840, he served as lighthouse inspector for the portion of the east coast between Norfolk, Virginia, and New York. That duty was followed in 1840 with an assignment at the Washington Navy Yard as ordnance officer. During this assignment, he became interested in the development of an explosive shell suitable for naval use. After leaving Washington, Porter spent the next decade superintending the outfitting of new steam ships for the Navy, commanding supply vessels, and delivering mail and supplies to Navy units abroad. Following retirement between 1855 and 1859, he returned to active duty and took command of the sloop-of-war St. Mary’s. He patrolled the Pacific coasts of Mexico and Central America for two years protecting American interests in that area. The secession of Southern states in 1860 and 1861 caused St. Mary’s to be recalled to her base at Mare Island, California. In the summer of 1861, Porter was relieved of command of the ship and ordered to Washington, D.C. In the autumn, he was assigned to special duty in St. Louis, Missouri, to assist in establishing the Western Flotilla to seize and control the Mississippi and its tributaries for the Union. On 3 October, he was given the command of a ferryboat-turned-gunboat New Era. Serving under Flag Officer Andrew Foote, he patrolled the Cumberland River, keeping a wary eye upon the growing Confederate defenses along the river. In November, he took his ship to St. Louis for repairs; and, upon his return to the flotilla at Cairo, Illinois, New Era sported a new name, Essex, in honor of the frigate Essex, which Porter’s father had commanded during the War of 1812. Between January and August 1862, Porter served gallantly up and down the Mississippi River. On 10 January, Essex and St. Louis engaged three Confederate gunboats and forced them to retreat to the protection of Southern shore batteries. The two Union gunboats repeated the feat three days later and succeeded in damaging their opponents. Only Confederate shore batteries prevented the capture of the three steamers. On 6 February, Essex joined the rest of Foote’s gunboat squadron in the attack on Fort Henry. Porter’s ship, second in line, sustained heavy fire from shore batteries and received at least 15 direct hits. About half an hour into the fray, Essex took a 32-pound shot through her bow shield. It pierced her boilers, releasing steam which severely scalded 28 men. Commander Porter—himself blinded and scalded—continued to command his ship until she was clear of the action.Though still severely hampered by his injuries, Porter directed the extensive repair and renovation of Essex from his sick bed. At the same time, he also superintended the construction of two other warships, the ironclads Lafayette and Choctaw. Porter completed the renovation of Essex at St. Louis in July and rejoined the Western Flotilla at Vicksburg, Mississippi, later that month. At dawn on the 22nd, Porter took Essex out to confront the Confederate ironclad ram CSS Arkansas which had recently left her refuge in the Yazoo River to seek greater safety under the cover of Vicksburg’s shore batteries. In company with the smaller converted riverboat Queen of the WestEssex moved in toward the Southern warship. During the approach of the two Union ships, Confederate shore batteries subjected them to a withering fire. Finally, Essex struck Arkansas a jarring blow but at an oblique angle. As a result, she glanced off the Southern ram and ran aground parallel to her adversary. Porter worked furiously to free his ship and, after much difficulty, managed to retire, with Queen of the West close behind. Thereafter, since Essex had sustained only minor damage, Porter kept her on station patrolling the lower Mississippi River between Vicksburg and Baton Rouge. On 5 August, his ship and Sumter assisted Union Army troops in repelling a Confederate land attack on Baton Rouge. The following morning, he headed north to Vicksburg to confront Arkansas once more. He found his quarry on a bend in the river, close to the shore. In the ensuing bombardment, Porter used an incendiary shell which he himself had invented. After about 20 minutes of shelling, Arkansas erupted into flames and soon blew up. Evidence suggests that the Confederate crew had set their own ship afire to prevent her capture. Be that as it may, Porter’s bold action played no small part in the ram’s destruction. Moreover, Congress recognized the role played by Porter and his ship in June 1864 when they belatedly awarded the Essex crew $25,000 in prize money. Porter’s last real action in the war occurred in September 1862 when Essex conducted a bombardment of Natchez, Mississippi, and duelled the shore batteries at Port Hudson, Louisiana. Later that month, he returned to New Orleans where new orders awaited him. Promoted to the rank of commodore, Porter was assigned to duty at New York. There, he served in various capacities until hospitalized in April 1864. On 1 May 1864, Commodore Porter died of heart disease at St. Luke’s Hospital in New York City, New York. Although he was buried initially at Greenwood Cemetery in New York, he was moved to The Woodlands, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in June and laid to rest beside his famous father, Commodore David Porter. VG. $150


CWCDV1230. Photographic negative by M.B. Brady, published by E. Anthony. William Branford Shubrick (31 October 1790 – 27 May 1874) was an officer in the Navy. His active-duty career extended from 1806 to 1861, including service in the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War; he was placed on the retired list in the early months of the Civil War. VG. $95


CWCDV1231. D. Appleton & Co., NY. Rear Admiral Charles Stewart Boggs (28 January 1811 – 22 April 1888) served in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. In December 1861 Boggs was given command of the gunboat Varuna. The following April, during the Capture of New Orleans, he commanded her with distinction. In the attack of the squadron on the Mississippi forts, April 18–24 … he destroyed six of the Confederate gunboats, but finally lost his own vessel, after driving his antagonist ashore in flames. When he found the Varuna sinking, he ran her ashore, tied her to the trees, and fought his guns until the water was over the guntracks. Varuna was lost in the battle with 184 casualties. Receiving his Captain’s commission in July 1862, during the rest of the Civil War he was commanding officer of the steam sloops Juniata and Sacramento, with the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, the steam cruiser Connecticut in the West Indies, and had special duty at the New York Navy Yard. VG. $125


CWCDV1232. Photographic negative by Brady, published by E&HT Anthony. Rear Admiral Silas Horton Stringham (7 November 1798 – 7 February 1876) was an officer of the United States Navy who saw active service during the War of 1812, the Second Barbary War, and the Mexican–American War, and who commanded the Atlantic Blockading Squadron at the beginning of the Civil War. Born in Middletown, New York, Stringham entered the Navy on 15 November 1809, aged only 11 years old, receiving promotion to the rank of midshipman on 19 June 1810 while serving under Captain John Rodgers in the frigate President. He was present during the Little Belt Affair in May 1811, and during the engagement with HMS Belvidera on 23 June 1812. Having received his commission as a lieutenant on 9 December 1814, he was assigned to the brig Spark, Captain Thomas Gamble, which was part of Stephen Decatur’s squadron in the Barbary Wars, and helped to take an Algerine frigate. In early 1816, while Spark was at Gibraltar, a French brig, attempting to enter the bay in a heavy gale, capsized. Stringham and six seamen in a small boat, pulled over to the brig, and rescued five of the crew. He attempted to return to Spark, but could make no headway, so turned and pulled for the Algerian shore, but was wrecked in the heavy surf, with one of his crew and two of the Frenchmen drowned. In 1819 Stringham was serving aboard the Cyane, conveying black settlers to Liberia. In 1821 Stringham was appointed First Lieutenant of the brig Hornet in the West Indies Squadron, and from 1825 to 1829 served at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. In late 1829 he was appointed First Lieutenant of the Peacock to take part in the search for his former ship Hornet, believed lost. During the search he was transferred to the sloop Falmouth, and sent to Cartagena, finally returning to New York in 1830. Stringham was promoted to commander on 3 March 1831, and for the next five years was engaged on shore duty. In 1836-37 he served in the Mediterranean Squadron commanding the John Adams, then returned to the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Receiving promotion to captain in 1841, he commanded the razee Independence in the Home Squadron in 1843, then returned to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, serving as Commandant in 1845-46. In late 1846 he was placed in command of the ship of the line Ohio, and during the Mexican–American War took part in the bombardment of Vera Cruz as it was besieged by troops under General Winfield Scott. For a short time afterwards he commanded the Brazil Squadron, but in 1851 took charge of the Gosport Navy Yard. Between 1852 and 1855 he commanded the Mediterranean Squadron, his flagship being the frigate Cumberland. He then returned to Gosport, where he remained till 1859. On the outbreak of the Civil War in April 1861, he was appointed Flag officer of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron. In August he was sent with troops under General Benjamin F. Butler, to capture two coastal forts near Cape Hatteras. In the ensuing battle, the fortifications were captured without loss, though not without some difficulty owing to the weather, and the fleet returned to Fort Monroe to general acclaim. However this soon give way to criticism of Stringham for not taking his ships closer in, and continuing to attack along the coast. The fact that his ships drew too much water to enter the shallow coastal waters, and that he had been directly ordered to return immediately, eventually emerged, but apparently too late to soothe his irritation, as the next month, at his own request, he was relieved of his command. As some small compensation on 1 August 1862 he was promoted to the rank of rear admiral on the retired list. Though no longer on active duty, Stringham served as Commandant of the Boston Navy Yard, 1864–66, and as Port admiral of New York in 1870. Rear Admiral Stringham died in Brooklyn, New York,[1] and was buried at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn. Two Navy ships have been named USS Stringham in his honor. G. $150


CWCDV1233. E. Anthony. John Bankhead Magruder (May 1, 1807 – February 18, 1871) was an American and Confederate military officer. A graduate of West Point, Magruder served with distinction during the Mexican–American War (1846-1848) and was a prominent Confederate Army general during the Civil War. As a major general, he received recognition for delaying the advance of McClellan’s Army of the Potomac, during the Peninsula Campaign, as well as recapturing Galveston, Texas the following year. When the Civil War began in 1861, Magruder left the Union Army to accept a commission in the Confederacy. As commander of the Army of the Peninsula, he fortified the Virginia Peninsula and won the Battle of Big Bethel. In the Peninsula Campaign, he stalled McClellan’s Army of the Potomac outside Yorktown, allowing Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston to arrive with reinforcements, organize a retreat, and defend the Confederate capital, Richmond. Magruder was criticized for his leadership in battles at Savage’s Station and Malvern Hill during the Seven Days Campaign. He spent the remainder of the war administering the District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona and the Department of Arkansas; in his tenure, Magruder lifted the naval blockade over Galveston and recaptured the city in 1863. After surrendering the Trans-Mississippi Department in June 1865, Magruder fled to Mexico. He worked in an administrative role under Emperor Maximillian I before returning to the United States in 1867. In 1869, he embarked on a lecture tour, speaking on the Mexican monarchy. Magruder died in Houston in 1871. G. $125


CWCDV1234. No ID. Franklin Buchanan (September 17, 1800 – May 11, 1874) was an officer in the United States Navy who became the only full admiral in the Confederate Navy during the Civil War. He also commanded the ironclad CSS Virginia. During the 45 years he served in the U.S. Navy, Buchanan had extensive and worldwide sea duty. He commanded the sloops of war Vincennes and Germantown during the 1840s and the steam frigate Susquehanna in the Perry Expedition to Japan from 1852-1854. In 1845, at the request of the U.S. Secretary of the Navy, he submitted plans to his superiors proposing a naval school which would lead to the creation of the United States Naval Academy that very year; for his efforts, he was appointed the first Superintendent of the Naval School – its first name – where he served in 1845-1847. This assignment was followed by notable Mexican-American War service in 1847-1848. From 1859–1861, Buchanan was the Commandant of the Washington Navy Yard. With the Civil War upon him, he resigned his commission on April 22, 1861, expecting his home State of Maryland to eventually secede. When that didn’t happen, he tried to recall his resignation, but U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles said he did not want traitors or half-hearted patriots in his navy and refused to reinstate him. Thus in May, 1861 he was out of the U.S. Navy. On September 5, 1861, Franklin Buchanan joined the Confederate Navy and was given a captain’s commission. On February 24, 1862, the Confederate States Secretary of the Navy, Stephen Mallory appointed Buchanan to the office of Confederate Navy James River Squadron Flag Officer and he then selected the newly built ironclad CSS Virginia to be his flag ship. Buchanan was the captain of the CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack) during the Battle of Hampton Roads in Virginia. He climbed to the top deck of Virginia and began furiously firing toward shore with a carbine as the USS Congress was shelled. He soon was brought down by a sharpshooter’s minie ball to the thigh. He would eventually recover from his leg wound. He never did get to command Virginia against the USS Monitor. But Buchanan had handed the United States Navy the worst defeat it would take until the Attack on Pearl Harbor. In August 1862, Buchanan was promoted to the rank of Full Admiral – the only officer so honored in the Confederate Navy – and was sent to take command of Confederate naval forces stationed at Mobile Bay, Alabama. He oversaw the construction of the ironclad CSS Tennessee whose keel was laid in October, 1862 and was on board her during the Battle of Mobile Bay with Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut’s Union fleet on August 5, 1864. Wounded and taken prisoner, Buchanan was not exchanged until February 1865. He was on convalescent leave until the Civil War ended a few months later. G. $125


CWCDV1235. No ID. Gustavus Woodson Smith (November 30, 1821 – June 24, 1896), more commonly known as G.W. Smith, was a career Army officer who fought in the Mexican-American War, a civil engineer, and a major general in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He briefly commanded the Army of Northern Virginia from May 31 until June 1, 1862, following the wounding of General Joseph E. Johnston at the Battle of Seven Pines, and before General Robert E. Lee took command. Smith later served as Interim Confederate Secretary of War and in the Georgia state militia. G. $125


CWCDV1236. E&HT Anthony. Rose O’Neal Greenhow, confederate spy.  Greenhow resided in Washington, D.C. and was both a prominent hostess and habitué of soirees and levees. Considered an attractive woman, she socialized with influential politicians and United States Senators. It is alleged that one of her paramours, Senator Henry Wilson of Massachusetts, revealed some intelligence about the impending Union offensive at Bull’s Run, or Manassas, This vital information was promptly transmitted by Greenhow to her Southern contacts and resulted in the disastrous rout of Union forces. She was subsequently arrested and imprisoned, but outwitted her jailers and continued to pass on military secrets. Expelled from Washington, she went South and eventually drowned while attempting to bypass a Union naval blockade. G+. $650


CWCDV1237. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Andrew Hull Foote (September 12, 1806 – June 26, 1863) was an American naval officer who was noted for his service in the  Civil War and also for his contributions to several naval reforms in the years prior to the war. When the war came, he was appointed to command of the Western Gunboat Flotilla, predecessor of the Mississippi River Squadron. In that position, he led the gunboats in the Battle of Fort Henry. For his services with the Western Gunboat Flotilla, Foote was among the first naval officers to be promoted to the then-new rank of rear admiral. G. $125


CWCDV1238. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Theodorus Bailey (April 12, 1805 – February 14, 1877) was a United States Navy officer during the Civil War. The outbreak of the Civil War brought Bailey the orders he sought. On 3 June 1861, he put the steam frigate Colorado back in commission at Boston and set sail a fortnight later to join the Gulf Blockading Squadron. Colorado arrived at Key West on 9 July and at Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island off Pensacola on the 15th. There, Colorado became flagship of the Gulf Blockading Squadron on 16 July when Flag Officer William Mervine embarked. Bailey patrolled the waters off the Florida Panhandle until mid-November at which time his ship moved to a blockade station off the Mississippi Delta. Though Bailey technically retained command of Colorado until the beginning of May 1862, he was performing other duties in conjunction with the assault on the defenses of New Orleans by April 1862. When the push to take the city went off on 24 April, Bailey commanded one of the gunboat divisions during the fight to pass Forts Jackson and St. Philip. Once that feat had been accomplished, he continued on upriver to demand the city’s surrender on the 25th. Bailey and Lieutenant George Perkins walked to city hall despite armed civilians crowding around them, shouting threats. Mayor John Monroe refused to surrender the city, but as Confederate troops had already evacuated, the Union soon occupied New Orleans. Bailey relinquished command of Colorado officially on 1 May 1862 and returned north with dispatches. Promoted to commodore on 16 July 1862, Bailey commanded the station at Sackett’s Harbor, New York, through the summer of 1862. Heading south again in November 1862, Bailey relieved Acting Rear Admiral James L. Lardner as flag officer commanding the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. He held that post until the summer of 1864 when, after a bout of yellow fever, he was transferred to duty as the commandant at the Portsmouth Navy Yard. About halfway through that assignment, he received his promotion to rear admiral on 25 July 1866. Though placed on the retired list on 10 October 1866, Rear Admiral Bailey served as the commandant at Portsmouth until the latter part of 1867. Rear Admiral Bailey died at Washington, D. C., on 10 February 1877. 2-cent, cancelled tax stamp on verso.  VG. $125


CWCDV1239. Charles D. Fredricks & Co., NY. David Dixon Porter (June 8, 1813 – February 13, 1891) was a Navy admiral and a member of one of the most distinguished families in the history of the U.S. Navy. Promoted as the second U.S. Navy officer ever to attain the rank of admiral, after his adoptive brother David G. Farragut, Porter helped improve the Navy as the Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy after significant service in the Civil War. Porter began naval service as a midshipman at the age of 10 years under his father, Commodore David Porter, on the frigate USS John Adams. For the remainder of his life, he was associated with the sea. Porter served in the Mexican War in the attack on the fort at the City of Vera Cruz. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was part of a plan to hold Fort Pickens, near Pensacola, Florida, for the Union; its execution disrupted the effort to relieve the garrison at Fort Sumter, leading to its fall. Porter commanded an independent flotilla of mortar boats at the capture of New Orleans. Later, he was advanced to the rank of (acting) rear admiral in command of the Mississippi River Squadron, which cooperated with the army under Major General Ulysses S. Grant in the Vicksburg Campaign. After the fall of Vicksburg, he led the naval forces in the difficult Red River Campaign in Louisiana. Late in 1864, Porter was transferred from the interior to the Atlantic coast, where he led the U.S. Navy in the joint assaults on Fort Fisher, the final significant naval action of the war. Porter worked to raise the standards of the U.S. Navy in the position of Superintendent of the Naval Academy when it was restored to Annapolis. He initiated reforms in the curriculum to increase professionalism. In the early days of President Grant’s administration, Porter was de facto Secretary of the Navy. When his adoptive brother David G. Farragut was advanced from rank of vice-admiral to admiral, Porter took his previous position; likewise, when Farragut died, Porter became the second man to hold the newly created rank of admiral. He gathered a corps of like-minded officers devoted to naval reform. Porter’s administration of the Navy Department aroused powerful opposition by some in Congress, who forced the Secretary of the Navy Adolph E. Borie to resign. His replacement, George Robeson, curtailed Porter’s power and eased him into semi-retirement. G. $150


CWCDV1241. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Hiram Paulding (December 11, 1797 – October 20, 1878) was a Rear Admiral in the United States Navy, who served from the War of 1812 until after the Civil War. VG. $125


CWCDV1243. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, Washington DC and New York. Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 – October 31, 1879) was a career Army officer, achieving the rank of major general in the Union Army during the Civil War. Although he served throughout the war, usually with distinction, Hooker is best remembered for his stunning defeat by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863. After graduating from the United States Military Academy in 1837, Hooker served in the Seminole Wars and the Mexican–American War, receiving three brevet promotions. Resigning from the Army in 1853, he pursued farming, land development, and (unsuccessfully) politics in California. After the start of the Civil War he returned to the Army as a brigadier general. He distinguished himself as an aggressive combat commander leading a division in the Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, resulting in his promotion to major general. As a corps commander, he led the initial Union attacks at the Battle of Antietam, in which he was wounded. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, he commanded a “Grand Division” of two corps, and was ordered to conduct numerous futile frontal assaults that caused his men to suffer serious losses. Throughout this period, he conspired against and openly criticized his army commanders. Following the defeat at Fredericksburg, he was given command of the Army of the Potomac. Hooker planned an audacious campaign against Robert E. Lee, but his Army was defeated by the Confederate Army at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Hooker’s subordinate general’s mistakes, and a loss of confidence on his part contributed to a failure to marshal the strength of his larger army against Lee, who boldly divided his army and routed a Union corps with a flank attack led by Stonewall Jackson. Casualties were heavy on both sides (approximately 17,000 of the Union’s 117,000 troops, and 13,000 of the Confederate’s 60,000 troops), and the defeat handed Lee the initiative, which allowed him to travel north to Gettysburg. Lincoln kept Hooker in command, but when General Halleck and Lincoln declined Hooker’s request for troops from Harpers Ferry to reinforce his army while in pursuit of Lee’s advance toward Pennsylvania, Hooker resigned his command. George G. Meade was appointed to the command of the Army of the Potomac on June 28, 1863, three days before Gettysburg, and was allowed to take the troops from Harpers Ferry. Hooker returned to combat in November, leading two corps from the Army of the Potomac to help relieve the besieged Union Army at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and achieving an important victory at the Battle of Lookout Mountain during the Chattanooga Campaign. He continued in the Western Theater under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, but departed in protest before the end of the Atlanta Campaign when he was passed up for promotion to command the Army of the Tennessee. Hooker became known as “Fighting Joe” following a journalist’s clerical error reporting from the Battle of Williamsburg; however, the nickname stuck. His personal reputation was as a hard-drinking ladies’ man, and his headquarters were known for parties and gambling, although the historical evidence discounts any heavy drinking by the general himself. Extensive pencilled text on verso. Scrape at top right. G-. $100


CWCDV1244. Photographic negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was a Union general during the Civil War. He achieved fame by his unauthorized 1862 order (immediately rescinded) emancipating slaves in three Southern states, for his leadership of United States troops during the Valley Campaigns of 1864, and as the president of the military commission trying the conspirators involved with the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. Corners clipped. G. $100


CWCDV1245. C.D. Fredricks & Co., NY. George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician. A graduate of West Point, McClellan served with distinction during the Mexican War (1846–1848), and later left the Army to work in railroads until the outbreak of the Civil War (1861–1865). Early in the war, McClellan was appointed to the rank of major general and played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army, which would become the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater; he served a brief period (November 1861 to March 1862) as general-in-chief of the Union Army. Although McClellan was meticulous in his planning and preparations, these very characteristics hampered his ability to challenge aggressive opponents in a fast-moving battlefield environment. He chronically overestimated the strength of enemy units and was reluctant to apply principles of mass, frequently leaving large portions of his army unengaged at decisive points. McClellan organized and led the Union army in the Peninsula Campaign in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862. It was the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater. Making an amphibious clockwise turning movement around the Confederate Army in northern Virginia, McClellan’s forces turned west to move up the Virginia Peninsula, between the James and York Rivers landing from the Chesapeake Bay, with the Confederate capital, Richmond, as their objective. Initially, McClellan was somewhat successful against the equally cautious General Joseph E. Johnston, but the military emergence of General Robert E. Lee to command the Army of Northern Virginia turned the subsequent Seven Days Battles into a partial Union defeat. General McClellan failed to maintain the trust of President Abraham Lincoln. He did not trust his commander-in-chief and was privately derisive of him. He was removed from command in November after failing to decisively pursue Lee’s Army following the tactically inconclusive but strategic Union victory at the Battle of Antietam outside Sharpsburg, Maryland, and never received another field command. McClellan went on to become the unsuccessful Democratic Party nominee in the 1864 presidential election against Lincoln’s reelection. The effectiveness of his campaign was damaged when he repudiated his party’s platform, which promised an end to the war and negotiations with the southern Confederacy. He served as the 24th Governor of New Jersey from 1878 to 1881, and eventually became a writer, and vigorously defended his Civil War conduct. Most modern authorities have assessed McClellan as a poor battlefield general. Some historians view him as a highly capable commander whose reputation suffered unfairly at the hands of pro-Lincoln partisans who made him a scapegoat for the Union’s military setbacks. After the war, subsequent commanding general and 18th President Ulysses S. Grant was asked for his opinion of McClellan as a general; he replied, “McClellan is to me one of the mysteries of the war.” VG. $125


CWCDV1246. No ID. Unidentified rebel soldier. VG. $225


CWCDV1248. No ID. James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his “Old War Horse.” He served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, and briefly with Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater. After graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point, Longstreet served in the Mexican–American War. He was wounded in the thigh at the Battle of Chapultepec, and afterward married his first wife, Louise Garland. Throughout the 1850s, he served on frontier duty in the American Southwest. In June 1861, Longstreet resigned his U.S. Army commission and joined the Confederate Army. He commanded Confederate troops during an early victory at Blackburn’s Ford in July. Longstreet’s talents as a general made significant contributions to several important Confederate victories, mostly in the Eastern Theater as one of Robert E. Lee’s chief subordinates in the Army of Northern Virginia. He performed poorly at Seven Pines, but played an important role in the success of the Seven Days Battles in the summer of 1862. Longstreet led a devastating counterattack that routed the Union army at Second Bull Run in August. His men held their ground in defensive roles at Antietam and Fredericksburg. Longstreet’s most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, where he openly disagreed with General Lee on the tactics to be employed and reluctantly supervised several attacks on Union forces, including the disastrous Pickett’s Charge. Afterwards, Longstreet was, at his own request, sent to the Western Theater to fight under Braxton Bragg, where his troops launched a ferocious assault on the Union lines at Chickamauga, which carried the day. Afterwards, his performance in semiautonomous command during the Knoxville Campaign resulted in a Confederate defeat. Unhappy serving under Bragg, Longstreet and his men were sent back to Lee. He ably commanded troops during the Battle of the Wilderness in 1864, where he was seriously wounded by friendly fire. He later returned to the field, serving under Lee in the Siege of Petersburg and the Appomattox Campaign. He enjoyed a successful post-war career working for the U.S. government as a diplomat, civil servant, and administrator. His conversion to the Republican Party and his cooperation with his old friend, President Ulysses S. Grant, as well as critical comments he wrote in his memoirs about General Lee’s wartime performance, made him anathema to many of his former Confederate colleagues. His reputation in the South further suffered when he led African-American militia against the anti-Reconstruction White League at the Battle of Liberty Place in 1874. Authors of the Lost Cause movement focused on Longstreet’s actions at Gettysburg as a primary reason for the Confederacy’s loss of the war. Since the late 20th century, his reputation has undergone a slow reassessment. Many Civil War historians now consider him among the war’s most gifted tactical commanders. VG. $95


CWCDV1250. Brady, Washington. Officer with cape and sash. G. $100


CWCDV1252. E. Anthony, NY. Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was a military officer who was the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. Today, he is commonly referred to as P. G. T. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult. He signed correspondence as G. T. Beauregard. Trained as a civil engineer at the United States Military Academy, Beauregard served with distinction as an engineer in the Mexican–American War. Following a brief appointment as superintendent at West Point in 1861, after the South seceded he resigned from the United States Army and became the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. He commanded the defenses of Charleston, South Carolina, at the start of the Civil War at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. Three months later he won the First Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia. Beauregard commanded armies in the Western Theater, including at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee, and the Siege of Corinth in northern Mississippi. He returned to Charleston and defended it in 1863 from repeated naval and land attacks by Union forces. His greatest achievement was saving the important industrial city of Petersburg, Virginia, in June 1864, and thus the nearby Confederate capital of Richmond, from assaults by overwhelmingly superior Union Army forces. His influence over Confederate strategy was lessened by his poor professional relationships with President Jefferson Davis and other senior generals and officials. In April 1865, Beauregard and his commander, General Joseph E. Johnston, convinced Davis and the remaining cabinet members that the war needed to end. Johnston surrendered most of the remaining armies of the Confederacy, including Beauregard and his men, to Major General William Tecumseh Sherman. Following his military career, Beauregard returned to Louisiana, where he advocated for Black civil rights and Black suffrage, served as a railroad executive, and became wealthy as a promoter of the Louisiana Lottery. VG. $100


CWCDV1253. J.H. Young’s Photographic Gallery, Baltimore, Md. Infantry office with sash and sword before scenic backdrop. Corners clipped. G. $95


CWCDV1254. R.A. Lewis, NY. Infantry office with sash and sword. VG. $100


CWCDV1255. Moulton’s Gallery, Salem, Mass. Officer with sword and sash. VG. $100


CWCDV1256. Thwaites & Co., NY. Officer with sword before scenic backdrop. VG. $95


CWCDV1258. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, New York and Washington DC. Unidentified officer. VG. $85


CWCDV1259. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, New York and Washington DC. Unidentified officer with sword. Looks like “16” on kepi. VG. $100


CWCDV1260. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, New York and Washington DC. Officer with sword. I can’t really make out what is written on verso although a few words are clear: “Lt. Charles M??? Back? of ??? Mo?” VG. $125


CWCDV1261. Bogardus, NY. Unidentified 1st Lt. On back is written “7th New Jersey Group?” This is a previous owner’s note. Bottom corners clipped. VG. $85


CWCDV1262. Smith, Southbridge. Unidentified 2nd Lt. with sash and sword. VG. $85


CWCDV1264. Moore Bros., Springfield, Mass. Unidentified Captain posed before scenic backdrop. VG. $100


CWCDV1265. Victor Piard, Jersey City. Unidentified officer with sword and sash. VG. $85


CWCDV1266. Adams’ Gallery, Worcester, Mass. Unidentified officer with sword and sash before scenic backdrop. VG. $95


CWCDV1267. Vannerson & Jones, Richmond, Va. William Henry Fitzhugh Lee (May 31, 1837 – October 15, 1891), known as Rooney Lee (often spelled “Roony” among friends and family) or W.H.F. Lee, was the second son of General Robert E. Lee and Mary Anna Custis. He was a planter, a Confederate cavalry General in the Civil War, and later a Congressman from Virginia. G-. $100


CWCDV1268. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. Leonidas Polk (April 10, 1806 – June 14, 1864) was a planter in Maury County, Tennessee, and a second cousin of President James K. Polk. He served as bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana. He resigned his ecclesiastical position to become a major general in the Confederate army (called “Sewanee’s Fighting Bishop”). His official portrait at the University depicts him dressed as a bishop with his army uniform hanging nearby. He is often erroneously named “Leonidas K. Polk.” He had no middle name and never signed any documents as such. The errant “K” was derived from his listing in the post-bellum New Orleans press as “Polk, Leon. (k)”, signifying “killed in action”. Polk was one of the more notable, yet controversial, political generals of the war. Recognizing his indispensable familiarity with the Mississippi Valley, Confederate President Jefferson Davis commissioned his elevation to a high military position regardless of his lack of prior combat experience. He commanded troops in the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of Perryville, the Battle of Stones River, the Tullahoma Campaign, the Battle of Chickamauga, the Chattanooga Campaign, and the Atlanta Campaign. He is remembered for his bitter disagreements with his immediate superior, the likewise-controversial General Braxton Bragg of the Army of Tennessee, and for his general lack of success in combat. While serving under the command of General Joseph E. Johnston, he was killed in action in 1864 during the Atlanta Campaign. Trimmed as shown. G. $95


CWCDV1269. E&HT Anthony. Lloyd Tilghman (January 26, 1816 – May 16, 1863) was a Confederate general in the Civil War. A railroad construction engineer by background, he was selected by the Confederate government to build two forts to defend the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. The location of Fort Henry on the Tennessee was vulnerable to flooding, but Tilghman was slow to spot this, and his surrender of the fort to U.S. Grant in February 1862 was regarded as a disgrace. Taken prisoner and exchanged, he commanded a brigade in the Vicksburg campaign, and was killed by a shell at the Battle of Champion Hill, where he was widely praised for gallantry. VG. $200


CWCDV1270. Pair of CDVs by E&HT Anthony. Sterling “Old Pap” Price (September 14, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was an lawyer, planter, soldier, and politician from Missouri, who served as the 11th Governor of the state from 1853 to 1857. He also served as a United States Army brigadier general during the Mexican-American War, and a Confederate Army major general in the Civil War. Price is best known for his victories in New Mexico and Chihuahua during the Mexican conflict, and for his losses at the Battles of Pea Ridge and Westport during the Civil War–the latter being the culmination of his ill-fated Missouri Campaign of 1864. Following the war, Price took his remaining troops to Mexico rather than surrender. He unsuccessfully sought military service with Emperor Maximillian there. He ultimately returned to Missouri, where he died in poverty. He was buried in St. Louis.  The second CDV is of Mrs. Sterling Price. G. $150


CWCDV1271. E&HT Anthony. Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who was assigned to duty at Richmond, under direction of the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, and charged with the conduct of military operations of the armies of the Confederate States from February 24, 1864 until January 13, 1865, when he was charged with command and defense of Wilmington, North Carolina. He previously had command of an army in the Western Theater. Bragg, a native of Warrenton, North Carolina, was educated at West Point and became an artillery officer. He served in Florida and then received three brevet promotions for distinguished service in the Mexican–American War, most notably the Battle of Buena Vista. He established a reputation as a strict disciplinarian, but also as a junior officer willing to publicly argue with and criticize his superior officers, including those at the highest levels of the Army. After a series of posts in the Indian Territory, he resigned from the U.S. Army in 1856 to become a sugar plantation slave owner in Louisiana. During the Civil War, Bragg trained soldiers in the Gulf Coast region. He was a corps commander at the Battle of Shiloh and subsequently was named to command the Army of Mississippi (later known as the Army of Tennessee). He and Edmund Kirby Smith attempted an invasion of Kentucky in 1862, but Bragg retreated following the inconclusive Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, in October. In December, he fought another inconclusive battle at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, the Battle of Stones River, but once again withdrew his army. In 1863, he fought a series of battles against Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans and the Union Army of the Cumberland. In June, he was outmaneuvered in the Tullahoma Campaign and retreated into Chattanooga. In September, he was forced to evacuate Chattanooga, but counterattacked Rosecrans and defeated him at the Battle of Chickamauga, the bloodiest battle in the Western Theater, and the only major Confederate victory therein. In November, Bragg’s army was routed in turn by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Battles for Chattanooga. Throughout these campaigns, Bragg fought almost as bitterly against some of his uncooperative subordinates as he did against the enemy, and they made multiple attempts to have him replaced as army commander. The defeat at Chattanooga was the last straw, and Bragg was recalled in early 1864 to Richmond, where he became the military adviser to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Near the end of the war, he defended Wilmington, North Carolina, and served as a corps commander in the Carolinas Campaign. After the war Bragg worked as the superintendent of the New Orleans waterworks, a supervisor of harbor improvements at Mobile, Alabama, and as a railroad engineer and inspector in Texas. Bragg is generally considered among the worst generals of the Civil War. Although his commands often outnumbered those he fought against, most of the battles in which he engaged ended in defeats. The only exception was Chickamauga, which was largely due to the timely arrival of Lieutenant General James Longstreet’s corps. Some historians fault Bragg as a commander for impatience and poor treatment of others. Some however point towards the failures of Bragg’s subordinates, especially Leonidas Polk, a close ally of Davis and known enemy of Bragg, as the more significant factors in the many Confederate defeats at which Bragg commanded. Top corner nicked.G. $100


CWCDV1272. No ID. George Bibb Crittenden (March 20, 1812 – November 27, 1880) was a career Army officer who served in the Black Hawk War, the Army of the Republic of Texas, and the Mexican-American War, and was a general in the Confederate States Army in the Civil War. G. $100


CWCDV1273. Charles D. Fredricks & Co., NY. Earl Van Dorn (September 17, 1820 – May 7, 1863) was a career Army officer and great-nephew of Andrew Jackson, fighting with distinction during the Mexican–American War and against several tribes of Native Americans. The former military installation Camp Van Dorn is named for him. In the Civil War, he served as a Confederate general, appointed commander of the Trans-Mississippi District. At the Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas, in March 1862, he was defeated by a smaller Union force, partly because he had abandoned his supply-wagons for the sake of speed, leaving his men under-equipped in cold weather. At the Second Battle of Corinth in October 1862, he was again defeated through a failure of reconnaissance and removed from high command. He then scored two notable successes as a cavalry commander, capturing a large Union supply depot at Holly Springs and an enemy position at the Battle of Thompson’s Station, Tennessee. In May 1863, he was shot dead at his headquarters at Spring Hill by a doctor who claimed that Van Dorn had carried on an affair with his wife. G-. $100


CWCDV1274. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Felix Kirk Zollicoffer (May 19, 1812 – January 19, 1862) was a newspaperman, three-term United States Congressman from Tennessee, officer in the Army, and a Confederate brigadier general during the Civil War. He led the first Confederate invasion of eastern Kentucky and was killed in action at the Battle of Mill Springs. Zollicoffer was the first Confederate general to die in the Western Theater. VG. $150


CWCDV1275. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Le Comte de Paris and Le Duc de Chartres.  Prince Philippe of Orléans, Count of Paris (Louis Philippe Albert; 24 August 1838 – 8 September 1894), was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He was Count of Paris, and was a claimant to the French throne from 1848 until his death. He was styled as “King Louis Philippe II”, although some monarchists prefer the designation “King Philippe VII”.  An historian, journalist and outspoken democrat, Philippe volunteered to serve as a Union Army officer in the Civil War along with his younger brother, Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres. He was appointed as an assistant adjutant general with the rank of captain on 24 September 1861 and served under the name of Philippe d’Orléans, the Count of Paris. He served on the staff of the commander of the Army of the Potomac, Major General George McClellan, for nearly a year. He distinguished himself during the unsuccessful Peninsular Campaign. He resigned from the Union Army, along with his brother, on 15 July 1862. Philippe’s history of the Civil War is considered a standard reference work on the subject. VG. $150


CWCDV1276. C.D. Fredricks & Co., NY. General McClellan with binoculars. Tax stamp on verso is cancelled Sep 3, 1864. Trimmed at bottom. VG. $125


CWCDV1277. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was a major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts. Born in New Hampshire and raised in Lowell, Massachusetts, Butler is best known as a political major general of the Union Army during the Civil War, and for his leadership role in the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson. He was a colorful and often controversial figure on the national stage and in the Massachusetts political scene, during his one term as Governor. Butler, a successful trial lawyer, served in the Massachusetts legislature as an antiwar Democrat and as an officer in the state militia. Early in the Civil War he joined the Union Army, where he was noted for his lack of military skill, and his controversial command of New Orleans, which brought him wide dislike in the South and the “Beast” epithet. He helped create the legal idea of effectively freeing fugitive slaves by designating them as contraband of war in service of military objectives, which led to a political groundswell in the North which included general emancipation and the end of slavery as official war goals. His commands were marred by financial and logistical dealings across enemy lines, some of which probably took place with his knowledge and to his financial benefit. Butler was dismissed from the Union Army after his failures in the First Battle of Fort Fisher, but soon won election to the US House of Representatives from Massachusetts. As a Radical Republican he opposed President Johnson’s Reconstruction agenda, and was the House’s lead manager in the Johnson impeachment proceedings. As Chairman of the House Committee on Reconstruction, Butler authored the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 and coauthored the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1875. In Massachusetts, Butler was often at odds with more conservative members of the political establishment over matters of both style and substance. Feuds with Republican politicians led to his being denied several nominations for the governorship between 1858 and 1880. Returning to the Democratic fold, he won the governorship in the 1882 election with Democratic and Greenback Party support. He ran for President on the Greenback ticket in 1884. G. $125


CWCDV1278. Chas. D. Fredricks & Co., NY. Lieut. Gen Winfield Scott at West Point, NY June 10, 1862. G. $75


CWCDV1279. J.E. McClees, Philadelphia. John Alexander McClernand (May 30, 1812 – September 20, 1900) was a lawyer and politician, and a Union general in the Civil War. He was a prominent Democratic politician in Illinois and a member of the US House of Representatives before the war. McClernand was firmly dedicated to the principles of Jacksonian democracy and supported the Compromise of 1850. McClernand was commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers in 1861. His was a classic case of the politician-in-uniform coming into conflict with career Army officers, graduates of the United States Military Academy. He served as a subordinate commander under Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater, fighting in the battles of Belmont, Fort Donelson, and Shiloh in 1861–62. A close friend and political ally of Abraham Lincoln, McClernand was given permission to recruit a force to conduct an operation against Vicksburg, Mississippi, which would rival the effort of Grant, his department commander. Grant was able to neutralize McClernand’s independent effort after it conducted an expedition to win the Battle of Arkansas Post, and McClernand became the senior corps commander in Grant’s army for the Vicksburg Campaign in 1863. During the Siege of Vicksburg, Grant relieved McClernand of his command by citing his intemperate and unauthorized communication with the press, finally putting an end to a rivalry that had caused Grant discomfort since the beginning of the war. McClernand left the Army in 1864 and served as a judge and a politician in the postbellum era. G. $85


CWCDV1280. J. Gurney & Son, NY. Robert Anderson (June 14, 1805 – October 26, 1871) was a US Army officer during the Civil War. He was the Union commander in the first battle of the war at Fort Sumter in April 1861; the Confederates bombarded the fort and forced its surrender to start the war. Anderson was celebrated as a hero in the North and promoted to brigadier general and given command of Union forces in Kentucky. He was removed late in 1861 and reassigned to Rhode Island, before retiring from military service in 1863. VG. $125


CWCDV1281. Brady’s National Photographic Portrait Galleries, NY and Washington, DC. Brady, NY, bottom recto. Samuel Peter Heintzelman (September 30, 1805 – May 1, 1880) was a US Army general. He served in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, the Yuma War and the Cortina Troubles. During the Civil War he was a prominent figure in the early months of the war rising to the command of a corps. VG. $125


CWCDV1282. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E. Anthony. John Pope (March 16, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career US Army officer and Union general in the Civil War. He had a brief stint in the Western Theater, but he is best known for his defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas) in the East. Pope was a graduate of the US Military Academy in 1842. He served in the Mexican–American War and had numerous assignments as a topographical engineer and surveyor in Florida, New Mexico, and Minnesota. He spent much of the last decade before the Civil War surveying possible southern routes for the proposed First Transcontinental Railroad. He was an early appointee as a Union brigadier general of volunteers and served initially under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont. He achieved initial success against Brig. Gen. Sterling Price in Missouri, then led a successful campaign that captured Island No. 10 on the Mississippi River. This inspired the Lincoln administration to bring him to the Eastern Theater to lead the newly formed Army of Virginia.He initially alienated many of his officers and men by publicly denigrating their record in comparison to his Western command. He launched an offensive against the Confederate army of General Robert E. Lee, in which he fell prey to a strategic turning movement into his rear areas by Maj. Gen. Stonewall Jackson. At Second Bull Run, he concentrated his attention on attacking Jackson while the other Confederate corps attacked his flank and routed his army. Following Manassas, Pope was banished far from the Eastern Theater to the Department of the Northwest in Minnesota, where he commanded U.S. Forces in the Dakota War of 1862. He was appointed to command the Department of the Missouri in 1865 and was a prominent and activist commander during Reconstruction in Atlanta. For the rest of his military career, he fought in the Indian Wars, particularly against   the Apache and Sioux. G. $100


CWCDV1285. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Edwin Vose Sumner (January 30, 1797 – March 21, 1863) was a career Army officer who became a Union general and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the Civil War. His nicknames “Bull” or “Bull Head” came both from his great booming voice and a legend that a musket ball once bounced off his head. Sumner fought in the Black Hawk War, with distinction in the Mexican–American War, on the Western frontier, and in the Eastern Theater for the first half of the Civil War. He led the II Corps of the Army of the Potomac through the Peninsula Campaign, the Seven Days Battles, and the Maryland Campaign, and the Right Grand Division of the Army during the Battle of Fredericksburg. He died in March 1863 while awaiting transfer. Corners clipped. VG. $125


CWCDV1286. C.W. Thorne, NY. Erasmus Darwin Keyes (May 29, 1810 – October 14, 1895) was a businessman, banker, and military general, noted for leading the IV Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the first half of the Civil War. G. $65


CWCDV1287. E. Anthony, NY. Nathaniel Lyon (July 14, 1818 – August 10, 1861) was the first Union general to be killed in the Civil War and is noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict. He graduated from the Military Academy 11th out of a class of 52 in 1841. He fought in the Second Seminole War and in the Mexican-American War. During the War with Mexico, he received several brevet promotions for gallantry under fire at the battles of Mexico City, Contreras, and Churubusco. He was then sent to posts in California where he participated in the 1850 Bloody Island Massacre against the Pomo Native Americans. He was reassigned to Fort Riley in Kansas, where he began to develop strong support for the Union as a result of the political climate developing in the state. In February 1861, Lyon was made commander of the Union arsenal in St. Louis, Missouri, where tensions grew between the Union soldiers stationed there and the secessionist governor of the state, Claiborne Jackson. When the Civil War broke out, Jackson refused to send volunteers from the state to fight for Abraham Lincoln. Instead, Jackson had the militia muster outside the city to begin training in preparation to join Confederate forces. On May 10, 1861, Lyon and his troops surrounded the pro-Confederate Missouri militia under General D. M. Frost, and forced its surrender. While marching his captured prisoners through St. Louis, citizens began to riot, leading to the Camp Jackson Affair. Lyon ordered his troops to fire into the rioters. On May 17, Lyon was promoted to brigadier general and was given command of Union troops in Missouri. He then led his troops into a series of skirmishes with the Missouri State Guard and Confederate Army. On August 10, 1861 the Union forces were defeated by a combined force of the Missouri Militia and Confederate troops under the command of Benjamin McCulloch and Sterling Price near Springfield, Missouri, at The Battle of Wilson’s Creek. Lyon was killed while trying to rally his outnumbered soldiers. However, Lyon’s efforts prevented the State of Missouri from joining the Confederacy. VG. $125


CWCDV1288. Charles D. Fredricks & Co., NY. John Ellis Wool (February 20, 1784 – November 10, 1869) was an officer in the Army during three consecutive wars: the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. By the time of the Mexican-American War, he was widely considered one of the most capable officers in the army and a superb organizer. He was one of the four general officers of the United States Army in 1861, and was the one who had the most service. When the war began, Wool, age 77 and a brigadier general for 20 years, commanded the Department of the East. He was the oldest general on either side of the war. G. $85


CWCDV1289. E. Anthony, NY. Ormsby MacKnight (or McKnightMitchel (August 28, 1810, or possibly 1809, – October 30, 1862) was an American astronomer and major general in the Civil War. A multi-talented man, he was also an attorney, surveyor, professor, and publisher. He is notable for publishing the first magazine in the United States devoted to astronomy. Known in the Union Army as “Old Stars,” he is best known for ordering the raid that became famous as the Great Locomotive Chase during the American Civil War. VG. $125


CWCDV1290. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Michael Corcoran (September 21, 1827 – December 22, 1863) was an Irish-born American general in the Union Army during the Civil War and a close confidant of President Abraham Lincoln. As its colonel, he led the 69th New York Regiment to Washington, D.C. and was one of the first to serve in the defense of Washington by building Fort Corcoran. He then led the 69th into action at the First Battle of Bull Run. After promotion to brigadier general, he left the 69th and formed the Corcoran Legion, consisting of at least five other New York regiments. VG. $200


CWCDV1291. O.C. Benjamin, Newark, N.J. Philip Kearny, Jr. (June 1, 1815 – September 1, 1862) was an Army officer, notable for his leadership in the Mexican–American War and Civil War. He was killed in action in the 1862 Battle of Chantilly. VG. $75


CWCDV1292. E. Anthony, NY. David Glasgow Farragut (July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870) was a flag officer of the US Navy during the Civil War. He was the first rear admiral, vice admiral, and admiral in the United States Navy. He is remembered for his order at the Battle of Mobile Bay usually paraphrased as “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead” in U.S. Navy tradition. Born near Knoxville, Tennessee, Farragut was fostered by naval officer David Porter after the death of his mother. Despite his young age, Farragut served in the War of 1812 under the command of his adoptive father. He received his first command in 1824 and participated in anti-piracy operations in the Caribbean Sea. He served in the Mexican–American War under the command of Matthew C. Perry, participating in the blockade of Tuxpan. After the war, he oversaw the construction of the Mare Island Naval Shipyard, the first U.S. Navy base established on the Pacific Ocean. Though Farragut resided in Norfolk, Virginia prior to the Civil War, he was a Southern Unionist who strongly opposed Southern secession and remained loyal to the Union after the outbreak of the Civil War. Despite some doubts about Farragut’s loyalty, Farragut was assigned command of an attack on the important Confederate port city of New Orleans. After fighting past Fort St. Philip and Fort Jackson, Farragut captured New Orleans in April 1862. He was promoted to rear admiral after the battle and helped extend Union control up along the Mississippi River, participating in the Siege of Port Hudson. With the Union in control of the Mississippi, Farragut led a successful attack on Mobile Bay, home to the last major Confederate port on the Gulf of Mexico. Farragut was promoted to Admiral following the end of the Civil War and remained on active duty until his death in 1870. VG. $150


CWCDV1293. Charles D. Fredricks & Co., NY. Charles Wilkes (April 3, 1798 – February 8, 1877) was a naval officer, ship’s captain, and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 and commanded the ship in the Trent Affair during the Civil War , where he attacked a Royal Mail Ship, almost leading to war between the US and the UK. His behavior led to two convictions by court-martial, one stemming from the massacre of almost 80 Fijians on Malolo in 1840. VG. $125

 
CWCDV1296. Pair of CDVs of General Halleck and his wife. The Halleck CDV is by D. Appleton & Co., and the Mrs. Halleck CDV is from a photographic negative by Brady, published by E. Anthony. G. $125


CWCDV1297. Kertson’s Photograph Gallery, Newark, N.J. Written on verso “Yours truly Stephen H. Bruen, Lt. & Quartermaster 7th N.J. Inf.” VG. $150


CWCDV1299. E. Anthony. Gideon Johnson Pillow (June 8, 1806 – October 8, 1878) was a lawyer, politician, speculator, slaveowner, US Army major general of volunteers during the Mexican-American War and Confederate brigadier general in the Civil War. Before his military career, Pillow practiced law and was active in Democratic Party politics. He was a floor leader in support of the nomination of fellow-Tennessean James K. Polk at the 1844 Democratic National Convention. In 1847, Pillow was commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers to serve in the Mexican-American War, and was later promoted to major general. He performed reasonably well, and was wounded that year at Cerro Gordo and Chapultepec. However, controversy arose when, in a series of letters, Pillow tried to take what was perceived by some as undue credit for American victories at the expense of his commander, Major General Winfield Scott. Pillow was court-martialed for insubordination, but with President Polk’s assistance, the court-martial was reduced to a court of inquiry, which in 1848 exonerated Pillow of any wrongdoing. After the war, Pillow served as a delegate from Alabama the Nashville Convention of 1850, where he supported compromise. He remained active in supporting the Democratic Party. At the start of the Civil War in 1861, Pillow supported secession, and was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate Army in July. Pillow received the thanks of the Confederate Congress for driving off the Union force at the Battle of Belmont, Missouri. Pillow controversially failed to exploit a temporary breakthrough of Union lines by his troops which might have allowed the Confederate garrison of Fort Donelson to escape at the Battle of Fort Donelson on February 15, 1862. The next night, before the surrender of the fort, Brigadier General John B. Floyd passed overall command of the fort to Pillow, who in turn passed it to Brigadier General Simon Buckner. Floyd and Pillow managed to personally escape with a few aides before Buckner surrendered the remaining garrison to the Union Army of Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant. These actions sent his military career and reputation into eclipse. Pillow commanded a brigade at the Battle of Stones River in 1863, where he performed poorly, and was among the few generals in the army to praise the leadership of commanding General Braxton Bragg. Removed from combat duty, he worked mainly in recruiting assignments through the remainder of the war. Bankrupt after the war, Pillow resumed a successful legal career. G. $100


CWCDV1300. No ID.  Albert Pike (December 29, 1809 – April 2, 1891) was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason. Pike was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Ben and Sarah (Andrews) Pike, and spent his childhood in Byfield and Newburyport, Massachusetts. His colonial ancestors settled the area in 1635, and included John Pike (1613–1688/1689), the founder of Woodbridge, New Jersey. He attended school in Newburyport and Framingham until he was 15. In August 1825, he passed entrance exams at Harvard University, though when the college requested payment of tuition fees for the first two years, he chose not to attend. He began a program of self-education, later becoming a schoolteacher in Gloucester, North Bedford, Fairhaven and Newburyport. Pike was an imposing figure; six feet tall and 300 pounds with hair that reached his shoulders and a long beard. In 1831, he left Massachusetts to travel west, first stopping in Nashville, Tennessee and later moving to St. Louis, Missouri. There he joined an expedition to Taos, New Mexico, devoted to hunting and trading. During the excursion his horse broke and ran, forcing Pike to walk the remaining 500 miles to Taos. After this he joined a trapping expedition to the Llano Estacado in New Mexico and Texas. Trapping was minimal and, after traveling about 1,300 miles (650 on foot), he finally arrived at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Settling in Arkansas in 1833, Pike taught in a school and wrote a series of articles for the Little Rock Arkansas Advocate under the pen name of “Casca.” The articles were popular enough that he was asked to join the newspaper’s staff. Under Pike’s administration the Advocate promoted the viewpoint of the Whig Party in a politically volatile and divided Arkansas in December 1832. After marrying Mary Ann Hamilton in 1834, he purchased the newspaper. He was the first reporter for the Arkansas Supreme Court. He wrote a book (published anonymously), titled The Arkansas Form Book, which was a guidebook for lawyers. Pike began to study law and was admitted to the bar in 1837, selling the Advocate the same year. He also made several contacts among the Native American tribes in the area. He specialized in claims on behalf of Native Americans against the federal government. In 1852 he represented Creek Nation before the Supreme Court in a claim regarding ceded tribal land. In 1854 he advocated for the Choctaw and Chickasaw, although compensation later awarded to the tribes in 1856 and 1857 was insufficient. These relationships were to influence the course of his Civil War service. Additionally, Pike wrote on several legal subjects. He also continued writing poetry, a hobby he had begun in his youth in Massachusetts. His poems were highly regarded in his day, but are now mostly forgotten. Several volumes of his works were privately published posthumously by his daughter. In 1859, he received an honorary Master of Arts degree from Harvard. When the Mexican–American War started, Pike joined the Regiment of Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (a cavalry regiment) and was commissioned as a troop commander with the rank of captain in June 1846. With his regiment, he fought in the Battle of Buena Vista. Pike was discharged in June 1847. He and his commander, Colonel John Selden Roane, had several differences of opinion. This situation led finally to an “inconclusive” duel between Pike and Roane on July 29, 1847, near Fort Smith, Arkansas. Although several shots were fired in the duel, nobody was injured, and the two were persuaded by their seconds to discontinue it. After the war, Pike returned to the practice of law, moving to New Orleans for a time beginning in 1853. He wrote another book, Maxims of the Roman Law and Some of the Ancient French Law, as Expounded and Applied in Doctrine and Jurisprudence. Although unpublished, this book increased his reputation among his associates in law. He returned to Arkansas in 1857, gaining some amount of prominence in the legal field. At the Southern Commercial Convention of 1854, Pike said the South should remain in the Union and seek equality with the North, but if the South “were forced into an inferior status, she would be better out of the Union than in it.” His stand was that state’s rights superseded national law and he supported the idea of a Southern secession. This stand is made clear in his pamphlet of 1861, “State or Province, Bond or Free?” In 1861, Pike penned the lyrics to “Dixie to Arms!” At the beginning of the war, Pike was appointed as Confederate envoy to the Native Americans. In this capacity he negotiated several treaties, one of the most important being with Cherokee chief John Ross, which was concluded in 1861. At the time, Ross agreed to support the Confederacy, which promised the tribes a Native American state if it won the war. Ross later changed his mind and left Indian Territory, but the succeeding Cherokee government maintained the alliance. Pike was commissioned as a brigadier general on November 22, 1861, and given a command in the Indian Territory. With Gen. Ben McCulloch, Pike trained three Confederate regiments of Indian cavalry, most of whom belonged to the “civilized tribes”, whose loyalty to the Confederacy was variable. Although initially victorious at the Battle of Pea Ridge (Elkhorn Tavern) in March 1862, Pike’s unit was defeated later in a counterattack, after falling into disarray. When Pike was ordered in May 1862 to send troops to Arkansas, he resigned in protest. As in the previous war, Pike came into conflict with his superior officers, at one time drafting a letter to Jefferson Davis complaining about his direct superior. After Pea Ridge, Pike was faced with charges that his Native American troops had scalped soldiers in the field. Maj. Gen. Thomas C. Hindman also charged Pike with mishandling of money and material, ordering his arrest. Both these charges were later found to be considerably lacking in evidence; nevertheless Pike, facing arrest, escaped into the hills of Arkansas, sending his resignation from the Confederate States Army on July 12. He was at length arrested on November 3 under charges of insubordination and treason, and held briefly in Warren, Texas. His resignation was accepted on November 11, and he was allowed to return to Arkansas. Pike first joined the fraternal Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1840. He next joined a Masonic Lodge, where he became extremely active in the affairs of the organization. In 1859 he was elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite’s Southern Jurisdiction. He remained Sovereign Grand Commander for the remainder of his life (a total of thirty-two years), devoting a large amount of his time to developing the rituals of the order. Notably, he published a book called Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in 1871, of which there were several subsequent editions. This helped the order grow during the nineteenth century. In America, Pike is still considered an eminent and influential Freemason, primarily in the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction. Pike died in Washington, D.C., at the age of 81, and was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery. Burial was against his wishes; he had left instructions for his body to be cremated. In 1944, his remains were moved to the House of the Temple, headquarters of the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite. A memorial to Pike is located in the Judiciary Square neighborhood of Washington, D.C. He is the only Confederate military officer with an outdoor statue in Washington, D.C. The Albert Pike Memorial Temple is an historic Masonic lodge in Little Rock, Arkansas; the structure is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. G. $100


CWCDV1301. E&HT Anthony. Charles Frederick Henningsen (1815 – 14 June 1877) was a writer, mercenary, filibuster, and munitions expert. He participated in civil wars and independence movements in Spain, Nicaragua, Hungary, and the United States. He was born in Brussels. His father was John Henningsen (1775-1859), a native of Copenhagen, Denmark, and his mother was Louisa Burke (1789-1842), an Irish heiress. However, being adventurous in his youth, he revered Lord Byron in both literature and adventure, and so idealized British nobility in his actions. The family lived in Brussels from at least the time of his birth until the onset of the Belgian Revolution, fleeing due to their pro-Dutch sympathies. The family fled first to Paris, then to London. One of his sisters was Josephine Amelie de Henningsen (1822-1904), a member of the Missionary Sisters of the Assumption, who established the order in South Africa in 1849. He became a citizen of the United States and was married to a niece of John M. Berrien, U.S. Senator from Georgia. Henningsen continued to pursue filibuster schemes and fought in the Civil War for the Confederacy for a year, being made colonel (while still addressed as “General”), and frequently had command of the defenses of Richmond. He was involved in the Battle of Elizabeth City. However, disputes with the Confederate War Department and criticisms of President Davis effectively ended his military contributions. His wife, Wilhelmina “Willy” Henningsen (1820-1880) opened and operated a hospital (the Henningsen Hospital) in Richmond until 1863, when its operations were consolidated with the Louisiana Hospital. She was noted for the kindness and tenderness to the wounded and afflicted soldiers. After the war he took up his residence in Washington, D.C., and was involved in the movement to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule. During his declining years, he lived in straitened circumstances, but was supported by friends such as Colonel Albert Pike. G. $85


CWCDV1302. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony. Charles Wilkes (April 3, 1798 – February 8, 1877) was a naval officer, ship’s captain, and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 and commanded the ship in the Trent Affair during the Civil War, where he attacked a Royal Mail Ship, almost leading to war between the US and the UK. His behavior led to two convictions by court-martial, one stemming from the massacre of almost 80 Fijians on Malolo in 1840. VG. $125


CWCDV1303. E. Anthony. Edward Dickinson Baker (February 24, 1811 – October 21, 1861) was an English-born American politician, lawyer, and military leader. In his political career, Baker served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois and later as a U.S. Senator from Oregon. A long-time close friend of President Abraham Lincoln, Baker served as U.S. Army colonel during both the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. Baker was killed in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff while leading a Union Army regiment, becoming the only sitting U.S. senator ever to be killed in a military engagement. VG. $125


CWCDV1304. No ID. Thomas Overton Moore (April 10, 1804 – June 25, 1876) was an attorney and politician who was the 16th Governor of Louisiana from 1860 until 1864 during the Civil War. Anticipating that Louisiana’s Ordinance of Secession would be passed in January 1861, he ordered the state militia to seize all U.S. military posts. He was born in Sampson County, North Carolina, one of eleven children of James Moore and Jane Overton. The Moores were a Carolina planter family, and Jane Overton was the daughter of General Thomas Overton, a Tennessean and friend of Andrew Jackson. In 1829, Moore moved to Rapides Parish, Louisiana, to become a cotton planter. The next year, he married Bethiah Johnston Leonard, with whom he had five children. Originally the manager of his uncle’s plantation, he bought his own (Moreland), along with two others (Lodi and Emfield) and became highly prosperous. He was elected to the State House of Representatives in 1848, and the State Senate in 1856. In the Senate, Moore was chairman of the Education Committee and led the effort to establish the Louisiana State Seminary, now known as Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College. He was elected Democratic governor in November 1859, defeating Thomas Jefferson Wells, and shortly thereafter had the occasion to meet W.T. Sherman, superintendent of the newly created Louisiana Military Academy in Pineville, the forerunner of Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. He took the oath of office on January 23, 1860. In his inaugural address, Moore told the legislators and visitors at the Capitol that a powerful party in the North threatened the existence of the slave-holding states: “So bitter is this hostility felt toward slavery, which these fifteen states regard as a great social and political blessing, that it exhibits itself in legislation for the avowed purpose of destroying the rights of slaveholders guaranteed by the Constitution and protected by the Acts of Congress. . . . [in] the North, a widespread sympathy with felons has deepened the distrust in the permanent Federal Government, and awakened sentiments favorable to a separation of states.” A supporter of John C. Breckinridge in the 1860 election, the winner of the Louisiana electoral votes, he ordered U.S. military posts in the state to be seized by state militia on January 10, 1861, as the state convention on secession was sitting. The ordinance of secession passed the convention on January 26, 1861. Moore placed Col. Braxton Bragg in command of the state military, and Louisiana joined the Confederate States of America on March 21, 1861, the sixth state to do so. Despite Moore’s appeals to the Confederate government for a strong defense of New Orleans, and brisk recruiting of troops in Louisiana, the state rapidly came under threat during the Civil War. The Union blockade disrupted commerce in New Orleans, and the naval forces assembling in the Gulf would advance up the Mississippi in early 1862. After a prolonged bombardment, the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip concluded with the destruction of the Confederate navy on the lower Mississippi and the passage of the forts by the Union fleet in the early morning of April 24, 1862. New Orleans surrendered on April 27. Two days earlier, Moore and the legislature had decided to abandon Baton Rouge as the state capital, relocating to Opelousas on May 1, 1862. Moore visited the state militia at the eponymous Camp Moore in Tangipahoa Parish and began organizing military resistance at the state level, ordering the burning of cotton, cessation of trade with the Union forces, and calling for the enlistment of all free white males between ages 17 and 50 in the militia. In May 1861, shortly after the onset of the civil war, 1500 free black New Orleanans formed the Louisiana Native Guard as a response to Governor Moore’s call for troops. It was the first military unit in American history to have black officers. However, despite a brief check at Baton Rouge, Union forces continued to advance into Louisiana and up the Mississippi, and the capital was moved again to Shreveport. In January 1864, Moore’s term as governor ended, and he was succeeded by Henry Watkins Allen. He returned to his plantation, but was soon forced to flee upriver by the Red River Campaign, soldiers of which burned the plantation in May. After the Civil War, he fled into Mexico to escape arrest, and subsequently to Havana. From Havana, Moore applied for a pardon. Moore’s application for pardon was delivered by hand to Andrew Johnson by William Tecumseh Sherman. He eventually returned to Louisiana after being pardoned by Andrew Johnson on January 15, 1867. His lands were restored to him, in part through the influence of Sherman, and he left politics, spending the rest of his life rebuilding his livelihood. He died in 1876 near Alexandria, Louisiana. Moore’s Civil War-era residence from 1862 through 1863 – the oldest Louisiana governor’s mansion still in existence at the time – was destroyed by an intentionally set fire on July 14, 2016. G. $100

 

 

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